1. Revival of antiquity



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1. Revival of antiquity

  • 1. Revival of antiquity

  • 2. Belief in individual and potential of humans

  • 3. Embrace VIRTÚ - “the quality of being a man” idea of excelling in all pursuits



3. Focus on study of ancient languages

  • 3. Focus on study of ancient languages

    • A. Latin, intially
    • B. Greek after Fall of Constantinople in 1453
    • C. Ancient texts translated by 1500
  • 4. Largely reject Scholasticism in favor of:

    • A. Favor Roman authors – esp. Cicero, Virgil
    • B. Greek writers – esp. Plato
    • C. Early Christian writers of New Testament


5. LIBERAL ARTS: Grammar, rhetoric, poetry, history, politics, and moral philosophy

  • 5. LIBERAL ARTS: Grammar, rhetoric, poetry, history, politics, and moral philosophy

  • 6. Civic Humanism: ed. to prepare leaders

  • 7. Humanism more secular and lay dominated





1. Petrarch – Father of Humanism

  • 1. Petrarch – Father of Humanism

    • A. Literature not sub. to religion.
    • B. “Dark Ages” = time between fall of Roman Empire and Renaissance
    • C. Used textual analysis of ancient texts.








5. Pico della Mirandola

  • 5. Pico della Mirandola

    • A. Oration on the Dignity of Man
      • 1. Most famous Ren. work on nature of humankind
      • 2. Humans created by God and given tremendous potential for greatness, and even union with God if they desired it
      • 3. Humans could also choose negative course. Thus, humans had FREE WILL to be great or fail.


6. Baldassare Castiglione

  • 6. Baldassare Castiglione

    • A. The Book of the Courtier
      • 1. Most important work on Ren. Education
      • 2. Outlined qualities of a gentleman
      • 3. Described ideal “Renaissance Man”
      • 4. Medieval view = master in one area
      • 5. Virtú



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