A piece of literature designed to ridicule the subject of the work. A piece of literature designed to ridicule the subject of the work



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A piece of literature designed to ridicule the subject of the work.

  • A piece of literature designed to ridicule the subject of the work.

  • While satire can be funny, its aim is not to amuse, but to arouse contempt.

  • Ridicule, irony, exaggeration, and several other techniques are almost always present.





A Utopia is a place or society that appears perfect in every way.

  • A Utopia is a place or society that appears perfect in every way.

  • The government is perfect, working to improve societies standards of living rather then their own, social aspects of the community run perfectly.

  • There is no war or disease, only peace and happiness. Everyone outside this Utopian society looks to this place in wonder and awe, believing it is completely perfect in every such way.



Dystopia came from the term Utopia.

  • Dystopia came from the term Utopia.

  • It defines a place or society which is in complete chaos.

  • The citizens are all suffering and are miserable.

  • Often times in novels what appears to be a Utopian society it first by the visiting protagonist is actually revealed to be a dystopian society.

  • The citizens are often revealed to live in terror, under complete control by the government, unaware of corrupt world in which they actually live in, or suppressed by the society as a whole.



Corporate: One or more large corporations control society through products, advertising, and/or the media. Examples include Minority Report and Running Man.

  • Corporate: One or more large corporations control society through products, advertising, and/or the media. Examples include Minority Report and Running Man.

  • Bureaucratic: Society is controlled by a mindless bureaucracy through a tangle of red tape, relentless regulations, and incompetent government officials. Examples in film include Brazil.

  • Technological: Society is controlled by technology—through computers, robots, and/or scientific means. Examples include The Matrix, The Terminator, and I, Robot

  • Philosophical/religious: Society is controlled by philosophical or religious ideology often enforced through a dictatorship or theocratic government.









“Utopias appear to be much easier to realize than one formerly believed. We currently face a question that would otherwise fill us with anguish: How to avoid their becoming definitively real ? The utopias are attainable. Life marches towards the utopias. And it can be that a new century begins, a century where the intellectuals and the educated class will dream means to avoid the utopias and to return a non-utopian society, less ‘perfect’ and ‘free’.”

  • “Utopias appear to be much easier to realize than one formerly believed. We currently face a question that would otherwise fill us with anguish: How to avoid their becoming definitively real ? The utopias are attainable. Life marches towards the utopias. And it can be that a new century begins, a century where the intellectuals and the educated class will dream means to avoid the utopias and to return a non-utopian society, less ‘perfect’ and ‘free’.”

  • Nicolas Berdiaeff







1900’s-20's: Introduction of chewing gum, radio, movies, and advertising: The Industrial Revolution transformed the world. Mass production made cars, telephones, and radios relatively cheap and widely available throughout the developed world. The political, cultural, economic and sociological upheavals of the then-recent Russian Revolution of 1917 and the First World War (1914–1918) resonated throughout the world as a whole and the individual lives of most people. Accordingly, many of the novel's characters named after widely-recognized influential people of the time, for example, Polly TrotskyBenito HooverLenina and Fanny CrowneMustapha MondHelmholtz Watson, and Bernard Marx.

          • 1900’s-20's: Introduction of chewing gum, radio, movies, and advertising: The Industrial Revolution transformed the world. Mass production made cars, telephones, and radios relatively cheap and widely available throughout the developed world. The political, cultural, economic and sociological upheavals of the then-recent Russian Revolution of 1917 and the First World War (1914–1918) resonated throughout the world as a whole and the individual lives of most people. Accordingly, many of the novel's characters named after widely-recognized influential people of the time, for example, Polly TrotskyBenito HooverLenina and Fanny CrowneMustapha MondHelmholtz Watson, and Bernard Marx.
          •  1930's-40's: Rise of Fascism and Communism: the dictatorships of Hitler (German head of state from 1934-1945), Stalin (in power in the Soviet Union from 1924-1953), and Mussolini (Italian head of state from 1943-45). Stalin launched a command economy, replacing the New Economic Policy of the 1920s with Five-Year Plans and launching a period of rapid industrialization and economic collectivization. The upheaval in the agricultural sector disrupted food production, resulting in widespread famine, including the catastrophic Soviet famine of 1932–1933.
          • 1931--Brave New World written: Huxley is inspired by travels to America and a visit to the newly opened and technologically advanced Brunner and Mond plant, part of Imperial Chemical Industries, or ICI, Billingham, and gives a fine and detailed account of the processes he saw. 1932--Brave New World published: Brave New World was inspired by the H. G. Wells's utopian novel Men Like Gods. Wells' optimistic vision of the future gave Huxley the idea to begin writing a parody of the novel, which became Brave New World. Contrary to the most popular optimist utopian novels of the time, Huxley sought to provide a frightening vision of the future. Huxley referred to Brave New World as a “negative utopia.”










“Reading Brave New World elicits the same disturbing feelings in the reader which the society it depicts has vanquished.”

  • “Reading Brave New World elicits the same disturbing feelings in the reader which the society it depicts has vanquished.”



Huxley exploits anxieties about Soviet Communism and American capitalism.

  • Huxley exploits anxieties about Soviet Communism and American capitalism.

  • The price of universal happiness will be the sacrifice of honored shibboleths of our culture: “motherhood,” “home,” “family,” “freedom,” even “love.”



Mustapha Mond, Resident Controller of Western Europe, governs a society where all aspects of an individual's life are determined by the state, beginning with conception and conveyor-belt reproduction.

  • Mustapha Mond, Resident Controller of Western Europe, governs a society where all aspects of an individual's life are determined by the state, beginning with conception and conveyor-belt reproduction.

  • A government bureau, the Predestinators, decides all roles in the hierarchy.

  • Children are raised and conditioned by the state bureaucracy, not brought up by natural families.



Brave New World is centered around both control and manipulation

  • Brave New World is centered around both control and manipulation



Setting: 2540 AD; referred to in the novel as 632 years AF (“After Ford”), meaning 632 years after production of the first Model T car

  • Setting: 2540 AD; referred to in the novel as 632 years AF (“After Ford”), meaning 632 years after production of the first Model T car

  • Narration: Third-person omniscient

  • Point-of-View: Narrated in the third person from the point of view of Bernard or John, but also from the point of view of Lenina, Helmholtz Watson, and Mustapha Mond





"Mr. Huxley is eloquent in his declaration of an artist's faith in man, and it is his eloquence, bitter in attack, noble in defense, that, when one has closed the book, one remembers." -Saturday Review of Literature

  • "Mr. Huxley is eloquent in his declaration of an artist's faith in man, and it is his eloquence, bitter in attack, noble in defense, that, when one has closed the book, one remembers." -Saturday Review of Literature

  • "A fantastic racy narrative, full of much excellent satire and literary horseplay." -Forum

  • "It is as sparkling, as provocative, as brilliant, in the appropriate sense, as impressive as the day it was published.  This is in part because its prophetic voice has remained surprisingly contemporary, both in its particular forecasts and in its general tone of semiserious alarm.  But it is much more because the book succeeds as a work of art...This is surely Huxley's best book." -Martin Green











This novel is more applicable today than it was in 1932. This is a time of:

  • This novel is more applicable today than it was in 1932. This is a time of:



Consider the number of ads for prescription drugs, which are permitted only in the United States and New Zealand

  • Consider the number of ads for prescription drugs, which are permitted only in the United States and New Zealand

  • Doctors and consumer advocates believe these ads drive up health-care costs and seduce millions into asking their MDs for drugs they don’t need for diseases they had never before heard of, like restless leg syndrome





Is it better to be free than to be happy?

  • Is it better to be free than to be happy?

  • Is freedom compatible with happiness?

  • Is the collective more important than the individual?

  • Can children be taught effectively to think in only one certain way?

  • Can young people be taught so well that they never question their teachings later?

  • Is stability more important than freedom?

  • Can alterations made by advanced science to mankind be made permanent at the DNA-level?

  • Can mankind be conditioned by science?

  • Should the individual be limited/controlled for the greater good? If so, how much?



“Universal happiness keeps the wheels steadily turning; truth and beauty can’t.”

  • “Universal happiness keeps the wheels steadily turning; truth and beauty can’t.”

  • - Aldous Huxley






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