of impacts, and consultation with affected persons), a set of compensation/mitigation measures for
parties and schedule.
The WB Policy on Involuntary Resettlement, as defined in the OP/BP 4.12, is based on the
Involuntary resettlement is to be avoided or at least minimized.
Compensation/Rehabilitation provisions provide affected persons with opportunity to
Resettlement compensation options.
Affected Persons’ socio-cultural institutions should be supported/used as much as possible.
Compensation will be paid at replacement cost to affected persons, without deduction for
needed to achieve policy objectives.
Particular attention should be paid to households headed by women and other vulnerable
project, and the full costs of compensation should be included in project costs and benefits.
Compensation and resettlement subsidies will be fully provided prior to clearance of right
Overall, the legislation of Georgia adequately reflects the major provisions of the WB OP 4.12,
but a few differences are to be noted. The most significant of these differences is that under
Georgian legislation/regulation, emphasis is put on the definition of formal property rights and on
how the acquisition of properties for public purposes is to be implemented and compensated while
in the case of OP 4.12 emphasis is put both on the compensation of rightfully owned affected assets
and on the general rehabilitation of the livelihood of Affected People (AP) and Households (AH).
Because of this, WB Safeguards policy on Involuntary Resettlement complement the Georgian
legislation/regulation with additional requirements related to (i) the economic rehabilitation of all
AP/AF (including those who do not have legal/formal rights on assets acquired by a project); (ii)
the provision of indemnities for loss of business and income, (iii) and the provision of special
allowances covering AP/AH expenses during the resettlement process or covering the special
needs of severely affected or vulnerable AP/AHs. Also, in addition, the legislation of Georgia does
not require any specific measure regarding the need to prepare RAPs based on extensive public
consultations. The differences between Georgia law/regulation and WB policy are outlined in
Table 10: Comparison of Georgia Laws/Regulations on LAR and WB Resettlement Policy
Land compensation only for
titled landowners practice
land owners are
are issued with the necessary
Lack of title should not be
In practice legalizable land
are also compensated after
MDFG will support those
without legal titles so they
can be issued relevant title to
by a project.
compensated for buildings
by a project.
It is assumed, that majority of
properties will be registered
support). Accordingly the
compensation will be paid to
period, the construction
will be responsible for
compensation and MDFG
supervise the processes
Crop and trees losses
provided only to registered
Crop losses compensation
to landowners and
whether registered or not
In case of leased land plots,
renters for their actual
be given assistance
to access some
other land to
The informal users of the land
are subject for crop and
Compensation for loss of
Compensation will be paid
based on market value
without taking into account
6Legalizable: those PAPs who have no Permanent Residential Registration, but have Temporary Residential