Bank on it money Smart Course you will know  Major types of insured financial institutions

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BANK ON IT Money Smart Course


  •  Major types of insured financial institutions

  •  Basic banking terms

  •  Differences between banks and check- cashing services

  •  Bank employees and their jobs

  •  Types of accounts

  •  Banking services

Types of Financial Institutions


  •  Banks

  •  Credit Unions

  •  Thrifts


What Comes to Mind When You Hear the Word “Bank”?

  • “Bank” in this course, also includes credit unions and thrifts.

  • A bank is a business that offers you a place to keep your money and uses your money to make more money.

  • Banks offer you different services for keeping the money at their business.

Group Discussion

  • What has been your experience with a bank?

  • Where do you keep your money?

  • What are some reasons for you to keep your money in a bank?

Keep Your Money in the Bank

  •  Safety — Money is safe from theft, loss, and fires

  • Convenience You can get money quickly and easily.

  • Cost — cheaper than using other businesses to cash your check.

  • Security — Deposits insured.

  • Financial Future — Help you save.

Three Major Types of Financial Institutions

  • Bank  A financial institution run under federal and state laws and regulations.

  • Credit Union  A nonprofit financial institution owned by people who have something in common. You have to become a member.

  • Thrift  A savings bank or savings and loan association that is similar to a bank. They have a majority of their assets in housing-related loans.

Account Verification

  • Before opening an account, most banks will review your history of using checking accounts through companies such as TeleCheck or ChexSystems. Some banks will run a full credit report to determine the level of risk.

  • Account information is collected from financial institutions.

Account Verification

  • If you have a history of bouncing checks or misusing your accounts, financial institutions may not open an account for you. The bank will need your picture identification, usually a drivers license and your Social Security number to verify the information.


  • After the bank determines if you are eligible to open an account, you deposit money into your new account.

  • A deposit is money you add to your account using a deposit slip.


  • You may not have immediate use of the funds.

  • Depending on what you deposit – cash, a payroll check or a check drawn on an out-of-state bank, you can ask the bank when you can use the money you deposited.


  • Balance is the amount of money you have in your bank account.

  • $ $ $


  • Withdrawal is the process of taking money from your bank account using:  Checks  Withdrawal slips  ATMs


  • A fee is when banks take money out of your account for:

  •  Services (monthly maintenance fee)

  •  Penalties (bouncing a check)

  • Financial institutions charge you different fees for different services.


  • Interest is the extra money in your account that the bank pays you for keeping your money at that bank.

  • One of the main advantages of having a deposit account is the interest you earn.

Check-cashing Service

  • Compare the total yearly cost of using a check-cashing service to using bank services.

  • Even though banks charge monthly fees, it is much cheaper to use a deposit account at a bank.

Deposit Accounts

  • Checking Account An account that lets you

  • write checks to pay bills

  • or buy goods.  

  • Savings Account An account that always earns interest.




  • Many banks also offer nondeposit products and services that are and are not insured by the FDIC. Bank Savings accounts are insured up to $100,000.

  • Stocks, bonds, and mutual funds are examples of nondeposit investment products.

Additional Services

  • There are additional services you receive when you open an account at a bank.

      •  Direct Deposit
      •  Money Orders
      •  Wire Transfers
      • Telephone Banking
      •  ATMs
      •  Debit Cards
      •  Loans


  • An ATM is a machine you can use 24 hours a day to:


    •  Deposit
    •  Withdrawal
    •  Transfer Money


  • Use of an ATM requires a card issued by the bank and a personal identification number or PIN. A PIN is a special password or set of numbers to use y our ATM card. The PIN is used for security purposes, so no one else can access your account.

ATM Services

  • You can use the ATM for many services, but there might be a fee involved. Most people use the ATM to get cash from their account. If you use another bank’s ATM, you can be charged an additional fee. Generally, you can only make deposits at your bank’s ATM.


  • A debit card is a plastic card that:


  •  Is used to pay for goods or services


  •  Has a MasterCard or Visa logo

Debit Card

  • A debit card is a plastic card sometimes called a ‘Check Card’. To debit card has a MasterCard or Visa logo and a magnetic strip on the back that allows you to pay for goods and services at stores and other businesses that accept MasterCard or Visa credit cards.


  • Direct deposit is one way of getting your paycheck or benefits check electronically.


  • $

Direct Deposit

  • With direct deposit, your paychecks or benefits checks are electronically transferred and directly deposited into your account. The amount of money is immediately available. Some banks will not charge the monthly fees if direct deposit is used.


  • If you have your income tax refund direct deposited into your account, you will have access to your money in approximately three weeks. If you have a check mailed to you, it could take six weeks.

  • Although many companies advertise that you can have your refund that same day, there is a significant charge for this service. In many situations, individuals still cannot access their refunds for 2 days or more.


  • A loan is money you borrow from a bank with a written promise to pay it back later.


  • Banks charge you fees and interest. This is extra money you pay to borrow the money. You can talk to the customer service representative for more information about loans offered at a bank.


  • A money order is similar to a check. It is used to:


  •  Pay bills


  •   Make purchases

Money Order

  • A money order is similar to a check. It is used to pay bills or make purchases when cash is not accepted. Many businesses sell money orders for a fee. If you need to use a money order, it is best to shop around for the best price.


  • For a cashier’s check, you provide cash or money from your account in the amount of the check plus a service charge (usually $2 to $5).

  • This check is guaranteed not to bounce. A cashier’s check is available from financial institutions.


  • A certified check is a check you write and take to your financial institution. The bank will mark it “certified” for a fee (usually $2 to $5) and place a hold on the money in your account until the check is processed.

  • A certified check is guaranteed not to bounce.


  •  Check account balances

  •  Transfer money between accounts

  • Obtain account history, such as most recent deposits or withdrawals

  •  Stop payment on a check

  •  Obtain information on branch hours or other information, and

  •  Report a lost, stolen, or damaged card.


  • Your bank may be able to send a money transfer cheaper than it would cost you to send money through companies such as Western Union or Money Gram. Most banks can send money to banks that are outside the US.

  • Be sure to ask about the currency exchange rate and all the fees charged. The bank receiving the transfer may also charge a fee.


    •  Customer Service Representative
    •  Teller
    •  Loan Officer
    • Branch Manager
  • A financial institution has people who can help you with different banking services. Understanding the jobs of those bank workers will allow you to know who you should talk to when you go to the bank.

Customer Service Representative

  •  Helps you open your account

  •  Explains services

  •  Answers general questions

  •  Refers you to a person who can help you

  •  Provides written information explaining the bank products.


  • The teller stands behind a counter and:

  •  Takes money

  •  Answers questions

  • Cashes checks

  •  Refers you to the person who can help you.

  • The teller is often the main contact at the bank. Any time you come in the bank, you can go to any teller.

Loan Officer

  •  Takes applications for loans offered at the bank

  •  Answers questions

  •  Provides written information explaining loan products.

Branch Manager

  •  Supervises the bank operations

  •  Helps fix problems that cannot be solved by other bank employees.


  •  If you don’t know who to talk to, ask for help. Someone will take you to the right person.

  •  Always ask questions until you are clear on all the information and don’t sign anything you don’t understand.

  •  Ask for written information to take home to review.

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