Bonobo (Pan paniscus) Conservation Strategy 2012–2022

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Bonobo (Pan paniscus)

Conservation Strategy 2012–2022 

About IUCN

IUCN, International Union for Conservation of Nature, helps the world find pragmatic solutions to our most pressing environment and 

development challenges. 

IUCN’s work focuses on valuing and conserving nature, ensuring effective and equitable governance of its use, and deploying nature-

based solutions to global challenges in climate, food and development. IUCN supports scientific research, manages field projects all over 

the world, and brings governments, NGOs, the UN and companies together to develop policy, laws and best practice. 

IUCN is the world’s oldest and largest global environmental organization, with more than 1,200 government and NGO Members and 

almost 11,000 volunteer experts in some 160 countries. IUCN’s work is supported by over 1,000 staff in 45 offices and hundreds of 

partners in public, NGO and private sectors around the world. 

IUCN Species Survival Commission 

The Species Survival Commission (SSC) is the largest of IUCN’s six volunteer commissions with a global membership of 8,000 experts. 

SSC advises IUCN and its members on the wide range of technical and scientific aspects of species conservation and is dedicated 

to securing a future for biodiversity. SSC has significant input into the international agreements dealing with biodiversity conservation. 

IUCN Species Programme 

The IUCN Species Programme supports the activities of the IUCN Species Survival Commission and individual Specialist Groups, as well 

as implementing global species conservation initiatives. It is an integral part of the IUCN Secretariat and is managed from IUCN’s international 

headquarters in Gland, Switzerland. The Species Programme includes a number of technical units covering Wildlife Trade, the Red List, 

Freshwater Biodiversity Assessments (all located in Cambridge, UK), and the Global Biodiversity Assessment Initiative (located in Washington 


IUCN SSC Primate Specialist Group

The Primate Specialist Group (PSG) is concerned with the conservation of more than 680 species and subspecies of prosimians, 

monkeys, and apes. Its particular tasks include carrying out conservation status assessments, the compilation of action plans, making 

recommendations on taxonomic issues, and publishing information on primates to inform IUCN policy as a whole. The PSG facilitates the 

exchange of critical information among primatologists and the professional conservation community. The PSG Chairman is Dr. Russell A. 

Mittermeier, the Deputy Chair is Dr. Anthony B. Rylands, and the Coordinator for the Section on Great Apes is Dr. Liz Williamson. 


Bonobo (Pan paniscus)

Conservation Strategy 2012–2022 

International Union for Conservation of Nature & Institut Congolais pour la Conservation de la Nature



The designation of geographical entities in this book, and the presentation of the material, do not imply the expression of any opinion 

whatsoever on the part of IUCN or other participating organizations concerning the legal status of any country, territory, or area, or of its 

authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries. The views expressed in this publication do not necessarily reflect those 

of IUCN or other participating organizations.

Published by: 

IUCN/SSC Primate Specialist Group & Institut Congolais pour la Conservation de la Nature


© 2012 International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources


Reproduction of this publication for educational or other non-commercial uses is authorized without prior written permission 

from the copyright holder(s) provided the source is fully acknowledged. 


Reproduction of this publication for resale or other commercial purposes is prohibited without prior written permission of the 

copyright holder(s).


IUCN & ICCN (2012). Bonobo (Pan paniscus): Conservation Strategy 2012–2022. Gland, Switzerland: IUCN/SSC Primate 

Specialist Group & Institut Congolais pour la Conservation de la Nature. 65 pp.

ISBN: 978-2-8317-1534-6

Cover photos: 

[front cover] Adult male bonobo, Max, at Lola ya Bonobo © Christine d'Hauthuille


[back cover] Congo Basin forest © Takeshi Furuichi

Layout by: 

Kim Meek, [e-mail]

Available from:

Funded by:




Arcus Foundation & United States Fish & Wildlife Service

Compiled and edited by Conrad Aveling, Chloe Cipolletta, Fiona Maisels & Elizabeth A. Williamson

Contributors: R. Abani, H. Akari, A. Almquist, C. André, C. Aveling, E. Bashige, G. Belembo, Hon. Dr. P. Bitakuya Dunia, T. Blomley, J-C. Bofaka, 

R. Bofaya B.B., T. Bofola Ekolo, N. Bondjengo, D. Bya’omba, D. Byler, G. Classens, A. Cobden, S. Coxe, S. Darroze, C. Devos, J. Dupain,  

K. Farmer, A. Fowler, B. Fruth, N. Funwi-Gabga, T. Furuichi, P. Guislan, J. Hart, T. Hart, J. Hickey, O. Ilambu, J. Ilanga, N. Ileo, B-I. Inogwabini, 

J. Kalpers, Y. Kawamoto, B. Kisuki, G. Kitengie, H. Kuehl, C. Kunkabi, M. Languy, A. Lanjouw, I. Liengola, L. Luleko, K. Lunanga, C. Lushule, 

A. Lushimba, F. Maisels, B. Makaya Samba, J. Masselink, S. Matungila, A. Mawalala, J. Mayifilua, N. Mbangi Mulavwa, G. Mbayma, V. Mbenzo, 

F. Mehl, I. Monkengo-mo-Mpenge, G. Muamba Tshibasu, D. Muembo, N.E. Mulongo, M. Mwamba, N.N. Mwanza, J. Nackoney, S-P. Ndimbo 

Kumogo, P. Ndongala-Viengele, S. Nguyen, V. Omasombo, C. Pélissier, J. Refisch, G. Reinartz, R. Rose, R. Ruggiero, E. Samu, A. Serckx,  

H. Takemoto, C. Tam, J.A. Thompson, A. Tusumba, A. Vosper, C. Wilungula Balongelwa & T. Yoshida.

Map and spatial data support: Hjalmar Kuehl, Neba Funwi-Gabga & Robert Rose

Maps prepared by Jena Hickey & Janet Nackoney

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