Civil procedure



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Civ Pro – Mackey

Grace Kim



CIVIL PROCEDURE

CAN

Winter 2016




Table of Contents


1. Introduction 3

Hryniak v Mauldin (para 23 – 33) 4



2. Civil Litigation in Context: A2J & Advanced costs 4

RULE 1-3 – Object of Rules 5

History of the English Rule of Law 5

Civil Litigation 6

How to Pursue a Civil Action 6

Law Reform Report – Action Committee on A2J in Civil & Family Matters 7

Inquisitorial System vs Adversarial System 7

The Adversarial System 7

Inquisitorial System 9

Costs 10


Rule 14-1 – Costs 10

Legal Fees 10

Pro Bono Costs 10

Advanced/Interim Costs 10

Carter v Canada 11

Little Sisters Book & Art Emporium v Canada (no.2) 12

Access to Justice 12

BC v Christie 12



3. Courts, Jurisdiction & Standing 13

Canadian Courts 14

Jurisdiction 15

Rule 4-5 - Service Outside BC 15

General Overview on Jurisdcition 15

Levels of Courts IN BC 16

Cases – Jurisdiction 17

Club Resorts v Vanbreda (headnote) 17

Endean v BC 18

Black v Canada (Prime Minister) 18

Standing 19

Standing as a Right 20

Public interest standing 20

Downtown Eastside Workers v Canada (AG) 21

Access to Justice – Person who are not required to pay fees 21

BCSC Rule 20-5 22



4. Limitation Periods & Abuse of Process Doctrines 22

Limitation Periods 23

BC Limitations Act 23

Components of Limitation Act 25

Rules - Limitation Act (2012) 27

Novak v Bond (1999) 28

Discoverability & Postponement in the Limitation Act 29

Transition Provisions b/w Old & New Act 30

Brooks v Jackson (2009) 30

Strata Plain LMS 1751 v. Scott Management Ltd (2010) 31

Res Judicata 32

Rationale for Res Judicata 32

2 Branches of Res Judicata: Cause of Action Estoppel & Issue Estoppel 32

UVIC Student Society v CFS (Canadian Federation of Students) 32

Penner v Niagara (Regional Police Services Board) 34

Abuse of Process Doctrines 35

Collateral Attack 35

Stewart v Clark 36



5. Initiating the Civil Process & Drafting Pleadings 36

Commencing Proceedings 37

RULE 2-1 – Choosing the Correct Form of Proceeding 37

Rule 3-1 — Notice of civil claim 38

Rule 3-2 – Serving & Renewing a Notice of Claim 38

Rule 3-4 – Counter-claim 38

Rule 3-5 – Third Party Claims 38

Rule 3-6 - Reply 38

Rule 3 -7 Pleadings Generally 38

Pleadings 38

Content of Pleadings 39

Purpose of Pleadings 39

Particulars 40

SCCR 3-7 (18 to 24) - Particulars 40

Copeland v. Commodore Business Machines 41

Canadian Bar Association v BC (2008) 41

Halvorson v BC 42

Service 42

Renewal – Has the NoCC have gone for 12 mths w/o being served? 43

Amending Pleadings 43

Hanson v Sharma 44

Defendant Responds to Pleadings 44

Counterclaims 44

Third Parties Claims / Contribution & Indemnity 45

Strata Plain LMS 1751 v. Scott Management Ltd (2010) 46

6. Disposition of an Action Without Full Trial 47

1) Default Judgment – Rule 3-8 47

Rule 3-8 – Default Judgment 47

Test for Setting Aside a Default Judgment (Director of civil forfeiture v Doe) 48

Director of Civil Forfeiture (DCF) v Doe 48

2) Striking Pleadings – Rule 9-5 49

Jane Doe v Metropolitan Toronto 49

3) Summary Judgment – Rule 9-6 50

SCCR Rule 9-6 – Summary Judgment 50

Edgar v BCIT 51

4) Summary Trial – Rule 9-7 51

Inspiration Management Ltd v McDermid St. Lawrence (MSL) 52

Harrison v BC 53

5) Discontinuance and Withdrawal - Rule 9-8 54

6) Want of Prosecution – Rule 27-7(7) 55

Tundra Helicopters v Alison Gas Turbine 55



7. Discovery 56

History of Discovery 56

Discovery 56

(1) Document Discovery – Rule 7-1 58

Cases: Additional discovery 59

XY, LLC v Wang (2013) 59

Edwards v Ganzer 60

(2) Oral Examination for Discovery – Rule 7-2 61

(3) Written Interrogatories – Rule 7-3 62

(4) Pre-Trial Examination of Witness – Rule 7-5 62

(5) Physical Discovery – Rule 7-6 62

Implied Undertakings 62

Juman v Doucette 63

Privilege 64

A.M v Ryan 64

R v Campbell 65

Smith v Air Canada 66

8. Managing the Process Case Planning Conferences 67

Overview: Case Planning & Case Management 67

Case Planning Conferences – Case Planning + Case Management 68

Part 5 SCCR – Case Planning 69

Practice Directions for Case Planning 71

Masters v Judges Jurisdiction 71

Adroit Resources Inc v Tres-or Resources Ltd 72

9. Pre Trial Applications - (interlocutory applications) 73

Motions for Interim Substantive Relief 74

Injuctions 75

RJR Macdonald v Canada 76

Attorney General of BC v Wale 78

Costs 78


Dupre v Patterson 80

9. Applications in Chambers, Affidavits & Advocacy 80

Advocacy 81

Affidavits 81

Rule 22-2 – Affidavits 81

Ulrich v Ulrich (L.M.U v R.L.U) 82

10. Mediation & Settlement 83

Settlements 83

Different Types of Settlement Agreements 84

Sable Offshore Energy Inc v Ameron International Corp (2013) SCC 84

Settlement Privilege 85

Union Carbide v Bomardier 86



10. Preparing for Trial 87

Expert Witness Testimony 87

Rule – Part 11 – Experts 88

R v Mohan 88

Keefer Laundry Ltd. v. Pellerin Milnor Corp., 2007 BCSC 899 89

MacEachern v. Rennie, 2009 BCSC 585 90

MacEachern v. Rennie, 2009 BCSC 941 91

11. Specialized Litigation 91

Class Actions 91

Class Proceeding Act 92

Western Canadian Shopping Centres Inc. v. Dutton, [2001] 2 S.C.R. 534 92

Hollick v. Toronto (City), [2001] 3 S.C.R. 158 93

Rumley v. British Columbia, [2001] 3 S.C.R. 184 94

Constitutional Litigation 94

Canadian Charter of Rights & Freedoms 95

R. v. Ferguson, 2008 SCC 6 at paras 58-66 95

Vancouver (City) v. Ward, 2010 SCC 27 96







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