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DIRECTORATE GENERAL FOR INTERNAL POLICIES 
POLICY DEPARTMENT C: CITIZENS' RIGHTS AND 
CONSTITUTIONAL AFFAIRS 
 
LEGAL AFFAIRS 
 
 
 
 
Legal aspects of free and open source 
software 
 
 
 
 
COMPILATION OF BRIEFING NOTES 
 
 
 
 
WORKSHOP 
Tuesday, 9 July 2013 
JAN 4 Q 1 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
PE 474.400 
 
 
EN 


 
This document was requested by the European Parliament's Committee on Legal Affairs. 
 
 
RESPONSIBLE ADMINISTRATORS 
 
Danai PAPADOPOULOU 
Policy Department C: Citizens' Rights and Constitutional Affairs 
European Parliament 
B-1047 Brussels 
E-mail: danai.papadopoulou@europarl.europa.eu 
 
 
Rosa RAFFAELLI 
Policy Department C: Citizens' Rights and Constitutional Affairs 
European Parliament 
B-1047 Brussels 
E-mail: rosa.raffaelli@europarl.europa.eu 
 
 
EDITORIAL ASSISTANCE 
 
Marcia MAGUIRE 
Policy Department C: Citizens' Rights and Constitutional Affairs 
 
 
LINGUISTIC VERSIONS 
 
Original: EN 
 
 
ABOUT THE EDITOR 
 
To contact the Policy Department or to subscribe to its monthly newsletter please write to:
  
poldep-citizens@europarl.europa.eu
 
 
European Parliament, manuscript completed in July 2013. 
© European Union, Brussels, 2013. 
 
This document is available on the Internet at: 
http://www.europarl.europa.eu/studies
 
 
 
DISCLAIMER 
 
The opinions expressed in this document are the sole responsibility of the author and do 
not necessarily represent the official position of the European Parliament. 
 
Reproduction and translation for non-commercial purposes are authorised, provided the 
source is acknowledged and the publisher is given prior notice and sent a copy. 
 
 


Workshop: Legal aspects of free and open source software 
____________________________________________________________________________________________ 
 
3
 
CONTENTS 
 
 
An introduction to the most used FOSS license: the GNU GPL license 

Dr. Eben Moglen, JD and Ian Sullivan, Columbia Law School 
 
 
Developing an EU model: the EUPL license 
13 
Patrice-Emmanuel Schmitz, Developer of the EUPL 
 
 
A discussion of the different software licensing regimes  
30 
Avv. Carlo Piana, Lawyer 
 
 
Legal aspects of free and open source software in procurement:  
guidelines developed at the EU level 
50 
Rishab Ghosh, UNU-MERIT 
 
 
Legal aspects of free and open source software in procurement:      
national case studies 
68 
Philippe Laurent, University of Namur 
 
 
Legal aspects of free and open source software in procurement:              
the example of the City of Munich 
89 
Oliver Altehage, Kirsten Böge & Dr. Jutta Kreyss 
 
 
 


Policy Department C: Citizens' Rights and Constitutional Affairs 
____________________________________________________________________________________________ 
 
4
LIST OF ABBREVIATIONS 
 
AGPL 
Affero General Public License 
APL 
Apache Public License 
BSD 
Berkeley Software Distribution 
EC 
European Commission 
EIF 
European Interoperability framework 
EPL 
Eclipse Public Licence 
EU 
European Union 
EUPL 
European Union Public Licence 
FDL 
Free Documentation License 
FOSS 
Free and/or Open Source Software 
FLA 
Fiduciary Licensing Agreement 
FLOSS 
Free/Libre Open Source Software 
FRAND 
Fair, Reasonable and Non Discriminatory (licensing terms) 
FSF 
Free Software Foundation 
GCC 
GNU C Compiler 
GNU 
GNU's Not Unix 
GPL 
GNU General Public License 
IMIO 
Intercommunale de Mutualisation Informatique et Organisationnelle 
IP 
Intellectual Property 
ISA 
Interoperable Solutions for Administrations (a EC programme, 
complementing the previous IDA and IDABC) 
ISV 
Independent Software Vendor 
IT (ICT) 
Information (& Communication) Technology 


Workshop: Legal aspects of free and open source software 
____________________________________________________________________________________________ 
 
5
KDE 
K Desktop Environment 
LGPL 
Lesser General Public License 
MPL 
Mozilla Public Licence 
NIF 
National Interoperability Framework 
NOIV 
Nederland Open In Verbinding 
OSI 
Open Source Initiative 
OSS 
Open Source Software (see: FOSS) 
SaaS 
Software as a Service (i.e. applications used in the cloud) 
PAs 
Public Administrations 
SDO 
Standard Definition Organisation 
SFLC 
Software Freedom Law Center 
W3C 
World Wide Web Consortium 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 



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