Culture I. The Cultural Evolution Cincinnatus > Catullus > Mamurra Greece and Rome 753-300 300-44 expansion > culture + money + competition II



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Classics 33: History of Rome. Prof. Luca Grillo, lgrillo@amherst.edu. 3-30-10
16th outline. Culture

I. The Cultural Evolution

Cincinnatus > Catullus > Mamurra

Greece and Rome 753-300

300-44 expansion > culture + money + competition


II. 1st Phase = Translation

Manius Curius Dentatus 270s

Andronikos > Andronicus (c. 290-205)

Odusia, Odysseus = Ulysses
III. 2nd Phase = Adaptation

“Who are you? And where do you come from?”

1. _______________________

Greek: Quintus Fabius Pictor (before 200)

Lucius Cincius Alimentus ~200

For outsiders

Latin: Cato the Elder, Origines (180-50)

For insiders + looking outside + self-promotion

2. ________________________

Ennius (239-169) new Homer



Annales history as epic

Competitive patronage: Cato, Scipio, Nobilior

3. ________________________

Plautus (254-184)

Terence (190-159)

Elite competition

Tragedy: M. Pacuvius (c. 220-130) Paullus

3 conclusions: 1. ______________________ 2. _______________________ 3. _________________________


IV. 3rd Phase = Explosion

Growing social acceptability of literature: daily life and independent writers

102 Quitus Lutatius Catulus

Independent writers; culture and political advancement

Greeks in Rome: Polybius (c. 200-118) and Panetius of Rhodes (Stoic, c. 185-109) >

Philosophy


V. Counter-Culture

1. Titus Lucretius Carus (94-55) De Rerum Natura

Challenges to the mos maiorum

2. Satire, Gaius Lucilius (180-102)

Greek culture and Roman genre and spirit

3. Gaius Valerius Catullus (?84-?54) < Parthenius of Bithynia < doctus Catullus


VI. Assignment: How does Plutarch account for the break between Pompey and Caesar? What are Pompey’s most important accomplishments? What were his aims? Who is responsible for the civil war? Why did Pompey lose it?


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