DAYTON NEWSPAPERS, DAYTON, WASHINGTON, transcribed by Judilyn Jones of Dayton, Washington. Contributed by Carlene Woodward Still.
DAYTON NEWS, DAYTON, WASHINGTON
Saturday, January 15, 1876 Commissioners' proceedings for Columbia county, W.T., January 1, 1876
Pursuant to "an act to organize the county of Columbia in Washington Territory," passed by the Legislative Assembly of Washington Territory, November 11th, A.D., 1875, wherein it was provided E. Oliver, Frank G. Frary and George Pollard were appointed a board of County Commissioners to call a special election for the purpose of electing the county officers for said county as provided for by law, and said election having been held on the 21st day of December, A.D., 1875, and the votes canvassed on 23rd day of December A.D., 1875, as the law required the following named persons were declared duly elected to perform the duties of the different offices of said county, to-wit: County Commissioners, Joseph Harris, E. McDonnell and H.B. Bateman. There being a tie vote between the two persons voted for the office of Probate Judge, vacancy was declared in said office. Sheriff S.L. Gilbreath; Auditor, A.J. Cain; Treasurer, D.C. Guernsey; Assessor R.F. Walker; School Superintendent T.S. Leonard; Surveyor, Wm. Ewing; Coroner, Dr. W.W. Day. The oath of office having been duly administered to the County Commissioners elect the board was organized by the election of Jas. Harris, Chairman. The bonds of the different offices were fixed in the following sums: Sheriff, $5000; Auditor, $1000; Treasurer, $10,000; Assessor, $1000; County Surveyor, $500; Coroner, $1000. The above named officers qualified as required by law. Wm. Parker was appointed Constable of Patit precinct to supply a vacancy. Robert H. Will having been appointed Probate Judge and qualified and filed a bond in the sum of $2000.
The Auditor was instructed to procure suitable books for the
county, also to report in relation to the labor and cost of procuring records from Walla Walla county.
Ordered that the road districts established by Walla Walla
county remain unchanged, and the Supervisors now in office continue to perform duty as such until further notice. The Auditor was instructed to notify the different Supervisors of the foregoing order.
Ordered that the proposal of James H. Hunt to furnish suitable rooms for county offices at the rate of $15 per month, coin be accepted.
Adjourned until the 1st Monday in February.
Joseph Harris , Chairman.
Salutatory.--We will advocate the principles of the National Democratic party, believing in so doing we will best represent the interest of all, and at the same time, be following our own best convictions of right. Partizan organizations are absolutely necessary in the maintenance of republican institutions. In presenting our views to the public we will carefully avoid all personalities, and treat those who may differ with us with becoming respect. We will say, however, that our sheet will not be conducted for the attainment of political ends solely, but more particularly to represent the local interests of Columbia county.
Hon. N.T. Caton, of Walla Walla, will address our citizens on Monday next at 1 o'clock p.m., upon the subject of "Anexation to Oregon." He is one of our ablest speakers and will interest all who go to hear him.
Division.--In securing the division of Walla Walla county the people of Columbia county should recognize the services of Hon. J.B. Shrum and Hon. R.G. Newland who were from the first to the last zealous in the cause.
Hon. E. Ping.--There was no man in the last Legislative Assembly who occupied a higher position or wielded more influence as an individual member in behalf of his constituents. He was recognized as a representation man of the Democratic party of the Territory.
Columbia County.--By the proceedings of the board of county Commissioners published elsewhere, it will be seen that our county is now a regularly organized institution. Our Commissioners are men of ability and experience, and will compare favorably with any board in the territory, and we feel safe in guaranteeing to the people of the county that their best interests will at all times be subserved. S.L. Gilbreath, our sheriff, is a man of intelligence and great energy of character, and is fully equal to all the requirements of the responsible position that he holds. The other officials of the country are all equal to the duties of their positions. We have a voting population of about 800, and assessable property amounting to about $1,000,000. There are 25 townships of land in Columbia county, a very large proportion of which being the finest wheat lands on the coast, and the remainder first-class grazing lands. Walla Walla and Columbia counties, today, offer greater inducements to the agriculturist than any other district of country on the Pacific slope. As we are writing we can look out upon the hills surrounding Dayton and see green grass in every direction. Go out upon any road from town and you can see farmers plowing their fields.
Board of Officers.--At the annual meeting of the stock holders of the Dayton Woolen Company, the following officers were elected: Trustees A.H. Reynolds, Wm. Matzger, F.G. Frary and D.C. Guernsey; President, A.H. Reynolds; Secretary and Superintendent, F.G. Frary; Treasurer, D.C. Guernsey.
Annexation.--The annexation of Walla Walla and Columbia counties to the State of Oregon is the all absorbing topic of conversation. In Walla Walla county the feeling seems to be unanimous in favor of annexation. In this county the sentiment has been right the reverse, but the increase of our Territorial tax by the last Legislature to seven mills, is changing the views of many of our citizens. The subject will be thoroughly discussed pro and con by the ablest of our speakers, when a better understanding of the question can be had.
The people of Whitman county are indebted to Hon. L.B. Ringer of their county for their term of the district court.
Changed.--The new treasurer says he has changed his diet, since the election, he now feeds on buckwheat cakes and molasses.
L.L. Davis of Oregon has located in our midst to practice his profession which he can recommend himself. His office is at the Dayton Drug Store.
S.M. Wait has leased the meat market and appurtenances of J.L. Smith. Ike Abott is in charge of it with experience and pleasant manner in dealing with customers will make the business a success.
Red Store.--This old and reliable institution is constantly receiving new supplies. Belcher says that although they have reduced the price of goods, it must mistake about the Grangers having ?? the price of postage stamps, however as soon as George Matzger hears ?? Gen. Grant he will inform the public about it.
Help Us.--We propose to enlarge and improve the News and make it an effective medium through which people ?road shall learn all about Columbia county, and we hope to obtain sufficient ?? to keep out of debt. Almost ?? man appreciates the benefit of a ?? newspaper in a community at the ?? time, but few understand that there is considerable expense attached to the publication of even a small paper. Come forward and help us out of the drag.
Brick Store.--D.C. Guernsey & ?? have a fine stock of assorted merchandise on hand for the accommodation of their numerous friends. Charley ?? says he has not noticed much ??ward change in Guernsey since the election, but for his part he begs ??e to assure the public that Sid Frary and himself are not in the least ??d because they have the Treasurers office in their store and will show customers that they was an cheerfully as ever.
Water Power.--Mr. Matzger has fine water power in the town of Dayton, which he desires to utilize with his extensive knowledge of machinery, we hope to see some new manufactory enterprise started in Dayton. This point can certainly offer great inducements for manufacturing purposes than any other point this side of Oregon City, of the county that has now, or, has any prospect--of sustaining a large farming community.
Handsome Present.--We are the recipient of a present of a fine gold pen from Mrs. Julia Hunt, the generous and accomplished hostess of the Columbia Hotel. We pledge ourselves to do good service with them in the behalf of Columbia county and the cause of right, in which we include, woman's rights to the fullest extent, the right of suffrage expected. We will further pledge ourselves to follow some of the good advice given us by our friend. Many Happy New Year's to you?
Dayton.--The county seat of Columbia county is located on the Touchet, 30 miles from the city of Walla Walla, 55 miles from Lewiston and 18 miles from Snake river. It is surrounded by one of the finest agricultural districts in the upper country, and being situated near the base of the Blue Mountains, timber for building and other purposes is easily obtained. The Touchet affords fine water powers, three of which are now used. The town was laid off in 1872 by Jesse N. Day, the proprietor, who showed good taste and judgment in his surveys, and by his liberality induced the best class of people to locate here. S.M. Wait, the founder of Waitsburg, and Wm. Matzger, of Walla-walla, recognizing the advantages of the location, invested their capital in one of the finest flouring mills in the territory, a planing mill and sash and door factory and a fine brick store, which they filled with a large stock of goods, and from that time Dayton has been recognized as one of the best business points in this part of the territory. The organization of the Dayton Woolen Company was effected about the same time, which company have a fine factory in complete running order, making a fine quality of blankets, cassimeres, flannels and yarns. For health, Dayton is not surpassed by any locality in Oregon or Washington. We have a good state of society, two churches, Methodist and Cumberland Presbyterian, and a first-class public school taught the entire years. We have a daily mail from the east and all parts of the coast, and an agency of Wells, Fargo & Co.'s Express. We have two temperance organizations and one saloon, and among the other attractions round and about Dayton, too numerous to mention at the present time, we will remark that we have a well regulated brass band and race course.
Personals.--A.H. Reynolds, Baker at Walla Walla and President of the Dayton Woolen company is now paying the town a visit. He is explaining to our people the shortest route to the state of Oregon.
We are glad to announce that Capt. C.H. Armstrong, of Walla Walla, has permanently located in Dayton. He is one of the oldest residents of the Territory, and has been more or less identified with all matters of importance pertaining to the history of, and development of the best interests of the Territory. He has, in connection with T.P. Page, Esq., of Walla, for some years past been engaged in stock raising on a large scale in the upper end of this county. He will prove a valuable acquisition to the town and county.
We are glad to see our friends, W.S. Newland and J.B. Armstrong, on the streets again after their severe illness.
Hunt's motto is, hi-yu-muck-a-muck and no sirs.
Messrs. Eckler & Richardson are completing their arrangements to manufacture all descriptions of furniture, and will fit up a fine warehouse in the spring with a view to supply the upper country, besides local wants.
The numerous friends of M. Fettis, will be well pleased to learn he is recovering from his recent illness. He is always missed along his line, but matters run smoothly so long as John Hultz is on the road.
Persons wishing to purchase property in Dayton, can rely upon getting good titles. We have no mixed up town site arrangements about it. Our title are based upon regular patents from the U.S. Government.
Nothing suits us better than to have a crowd of loafers and politions make the printing office a place of resort to talk politics and anexation. They receive the blessing of the compositors after they retire.
We regret to announce that Mrs. Jas. Danskin is seriously ill. Mr. Danskin has just recovered from a severe attack and the condition of his estamble wife is a sore affliction indeed. The entire community sympathize with him.
The Dayton Drug Store is now in the charge of Mr. Allen E. Scott, recently from the east. He is thoroughly conversant with every branch of business and will prove to be an addition to our community.
Hunt's Hotel wears a very cheerful appearance now, with the large number of guest stopping there. Hunt evidently found the vocation he was best fitted for when he embarked in the hotel business.
Rowley & Bunnell are prepared to furnish to the trade, all kinds of Hardware and Tinware. If you have got any repairing to do, or holes to stop up, call on Bob.
The "Dayton Lyceum Association" has at last been organized through the untiring energy of Wm. Burge. For the credit of the community we hope the organization may prove a permanent one.
Bob Rowley, Mr. Rowley we should of said--is an institution of himself. How we could of got out this issue of the paper without his aid would of puzzled the oldest man living.
Messrs. Moody & Keach, have made us some type cases that will compare with similar work anywhere. They are prepared to perform any kind of wood work in the building or furniture line.
Many complaints are made of conduct of the "hoodlums" in church. Very summary steps should be taken to make them respect places of worship.
John Cook and Henry Carroll wish their friends to understand they are still in the blacksmithing business at their old stand.
Court.--It is proposed to organize a supreme court in Dayton, composed of the Notaries Public and the Justice of the Peace.
County Officers.--The Commissioners have leased rooms on the ground flour if Hunt's building for the accommodation of the county officers.
J. Opperman has put a new cloth upon his billiard table, and added to his stock of Nix Nax.
If you want a fashionable suit of clothes made; go to James Dustin , merchant tailor.
If you want a neat fitting pair of boots go to Hansons, and he will suit you.
If you want a substantial farm wagon, or a nice carriage built go to Torrence & Co.'s large establishment and leave your orders.
Jesse N. Day, Esq., our town proprietor, is completing one of the finest residences in either Walla Walla or Columbia counties.
The second term of the Commercial Evening School, under the charge of Mr. E. Burk, will commence on Monday next.
In starting our paper we must acknowledge our obligations to our friends J.M. Hunt, and our worthy sheriff.
Saddlery.-- Scribner & Stafford are receiving a new stock and will accommodate the wants of the community.
Married.-- Parker -- White --On the 4th of January, 1876, at the residence of the bride's father, at Whetstone Hollow, by Wm. Hendershott, justice of the Peace, T.F. Parker and Miss Rosa White, both of Columbia county.
sale of real estate - Jacob Lucenger and Mury Lucenger plaintiffs and Jesse Cody, Sarah J. Cody, John West, Edward Smith and Robert Storie defendants., for $255, $75 attorney's fees, $40.35 plaintiffs cost and disbursements.
Saturday, January 22, 1876 Taxes.--We owe our Sound friends an apology for the statement made in our last issue, that our Territorial tax had been increased to 7 mills. The statement to us that such was certainly the case, came from sources that we could hardly doubt and we came to the conclusion that the revenue bill had been improperly tampered with at the close of the last session of the Legislature.
D.C. Guernsey, of the Brick store, is a duly qualified Notary Public with a seal as by law provided.
The Woolen Factory has closed down for a short time an account of ice.
Rev. A. Morrison, Universalist, will preach in Dayton, at the Methodist church, on Sunday, January 30th, at 1 o'clock A.M.
Our old friend George Hunter was in town a few days since looking well. He is one of the chief workers in the Grange and is doing a good service.
Mrs. Danskin will be buried tomorrow. The funeral discourse will be delivered by the Rev. A.J. Joslyn at ? o'clock, P.M., at the M.E. Church. All are invited to attend.
The officers of the Lyceum are as follows: Wm. Matzger, President; E.R. Burk, Secretary; Wm. O. Matzger, Treasurer. The first debate takes place next Wednesday evening upon the annexation question.
At Home.--McCormick Lyon arrived Saturday from Portland, looking well from his trip. He was suboened as a witness in the Doc. Phelps case. From him we learn that Phelps acknowledged guilt and turned States evidence. Next week we will have full particulars of the matter.
Cold.--For the last few days we have been having some good average winter weather with a few inches of snow on the ground. We must expect one or two cold snaps for short periods during every winter. Stock is doing well upon the hills and travel is in no way impeded. We have on an average about six weeks of winter weather during the year.
Mules.--There is quite a demand in the country now for pack mules. ?? have raised, since last fall, at least thirty-three per cent. Parties ?? British Columbia are now here endeavoring to purchase. We would advise those that have mules for sale, to be in no hurry, as it is our impression that there will be a still further advance in prices, there not being mules enough in the country to supply the demand.
Columbia Seminary.--The following ???d persons have entered into an association and incorporated under the laws of the Territory: J.H. Rainwater, ?? Kennedy, R.F. Sturdevant, Geo. Eckler, J.N. Day, Wm. Matzger, J.L. Smith, S.G. Ellis, G.W. Miller, J.M. ??, Geo. Pollard, John Fudge, R. Watrous and the Reverends S.G. Havermale, A.J. Joslyn, Theodore Hoag??, W.T. Koontz, G.W. Shaffer, Jos. ?? and S. Ashly. The object of the association is the building of a Seminary of learning in this place. The Seminary ?? under the patronage of the East ?? and Washington annual conference of the Methodist Episcopal church. There will be meeting of this association the first Saturday in February, ?? o'clock P.M., to determine upon a building site and take under consideration the expediency of a spring term of school.
Our old friend Ben McGill has given up the honest farmer role, and has returned to town and assumed the blacksmithing business at his old stand. Ben is a success in whatever undertaking he embarks. La Grande Sentinel please copy.
The Lyceum is now permanently organized. On Wednesday evening next the "annexation" question will be debated: All of the good debaters in town will take part. Everybody invited to attend. Debate in Matzger 's hall.
Concert--We learn that there is to be a concert of vocal and instrumental music, at friend Hunts, to night. It is to be a private affair "only the friends of the family invited." We have no doubt the Judge will acquit himself admirably.
Oh! where, oh! where is my pretty black horse;
Oh! where is my pony? say!
I left him at Black's and he's gone from there,
It's said he went off with Day .
Bob Rowley in one of him mean freaks during the week, told us to shut up when he was setting type. We did so, but decline to say anything nice about him in the paper. He must of forgotten that the girls have confidence in our opinions of the young men about town.
Charvari serenades were in order to the early part of this week, but the would be performers failed to find the "Bridal chamber" and the "happy couple" were left to enjoy undisturbed repose, while the "hoodlums" splatter around in the mud in search of them.
For the benefit of the Spirit, we would say, that we have not been notified as to what diet the Auditor partakes of, but presume it must be good, as he is very courteous at times.
The Walla-walla Statesman says their steam fire engine is practically useless. We can take charge of the institution here in Dayton and run it as a success.
We are glad to know that our neighbors in the country are enjoying themselves. We hear of parties in this vicinity almost every evening. Go it while you are young.
The law business is pretty brisk in town now, Justice Hendershott is kept nearly constantly engaged with cares of more or less importance. Go in fellows! Anything to relieve the monotony of these dull times.
Perfect Bliss--Just you come up in the parlor of Hunt's any evening--about now--if you want to see an exemplification of perfect bliss--maidens, widows and youths go and do likewise.
The county Auditor has received his books and is recording legal instruments of writing.
The rooms for the county officers are being fitted up in a neat and comfortable manner.
Cheap Living.--Dayton is a cheap place to live in. We pay for beef and pork on the block from 5 to 8 cents a pound and 10 cents for mutton. In the mild months of the year, 15 cents for butter and 12 1/2 cents for eggs; in mid winter 25 cents for butter and 25 cents for eggs. Vegetables at the same reasonable rates. Fire wood $4 a cord.
The manufacture of beet sugar was agitated here some time since by S.M. Wait. Since, investigations made show conclusively that the scheme was a practicable one. We regret not having space this week to publish some interesting facts connected with this enterprise furnished us by Wm. Matzger.
Sheep raising is becoming one of the leading pursuits in Columbia county. Much attention is now being given to the improvement of the breeds with great success.
The Lyceum which meets at the school house near Long's mill discussed the "annexation question" last evening, and how decided we are not informed.
We learn that there will be two or three mercantile houses established here in the spring, branches of Walla-walla.
Married-- Woolery -- Crumpacker --In this city January 6th, 1876 by Rev. A.J. Joslyn, Mr. Schuyler Woolery and Mrs. Cassondria Crumpacker, all of Columbia county.
Married-- Porter -- Miller --At the residence of R.H. Condon, January 16th, 1876, by Rev. A.J. Joslyn, Mr. A.H. Porter and Miss Clara Miller, all of Columbia county.
Died-- Range --On January 16th, 1876, Ralph Couiting youngest child of J.W. and Hattie Range, aged 1 year, 4 months and 13 days.
Died-- Surber --On the 17th of January 1876, at Whetstone's Hollow, of typhoid fever, Jacob J. Surber, aged 18 years, 10 months and 27 days.
Died-- Danskin --Mrs. Cordelia R. Danskin, wife of Jas Danskin, of this place in her 29th year, of consumption.
Mrs. Danskin was the daughter of Hon. R.G. Newland, an accomplished lady, as affectionate wife and mother. The entire community mourns with her large number of bereaved relations.
Saturday, January 29, 1876 Fifty copies of the pamphlet published by the Immigrant Commissioners at Olympia, are on their way to Dayton for distribution.
An act was passed by the last Legislature to enable Grangers of Patrons of Husbandry to incorporate. This law will facilitate the operations of the Granges in this territory very much.
Annexation.--The people of the vicinity of Burksville will meet on Tuesday, February 1st, at the school house, to debate the question of being annexed to Oregon. Near all who have expressed themselves, are opposed to it, excepting Mr. Burk, who expects aid from Dayton. This question is being generally discussed all over the county and ere long the exact state of public sentiment will be developed. It is of too much magnitude to admit of hasty conclusion.
Roads--The people between Burksville and Tucannon are discussing the propriety of relocating the county road from the former place to Ousley's on the Tucannon. It is claimed a great improvement can be made by which the settlements would be accommodated and the travel from the Palouse country brought through Dayton. Our road affairs will claim the most serious attention of our Commissioners, but fortunately we have a board of practical men equal to all the responsibilities resting upon them. It is doubtful, where they can reach road affairs, however, until their regular May term.
Assessments.--The last Legislature changed the time for making assessments, which are now made between the first Monday in April and the fourth Monday in July. The commissioners set as a board of equalization at their August term. The Assessor is required to assess each parcel of land and all taxable personal property at their full cash value. If the law is fully complied with we will have uniform assessments throughout the territory, which will relieve tax-payers in Walla-walla and Columbia.
Courts.--We hear a few complaints because no provisions were made for holding terms of the District Court in this county. For the present we have but little litigation that is carried to the District Court, and it will prove no hardship to the few litigants there will be in this county for the next two years to go to Walla-walla. We could of been provided with the courts by paying the expenses of the same out of our county Treasury, which would of been a useless burden upon our tax-payers. We have a law providing for arbitration and award, which admits of the adjustment of all matters of controversy, except those to be determined before Justices of the Peace--except titles to real estate and foreclosures. This law can be found on page 65 of the laws of 1869???.
Game Law.--The present law forbids the killing deer for the purpose of selling the same from the first day of February to the first day of August. No person can wantonly kill any elk for the purpose of securing their horns and hides for sale. Prairie chickens or grouse shall not be killed for sale from the first day of January to the first day of August. No person can enter upon the enclosed premises of any farmer or other party, for the purpose of shooting or trapping birds, without first obtaining the consent of the owners or proprietors of such farm or other premises.
A twenty dollar fine can be imposed upon persons for racing horses upon any usually traveled public highway, or within the limits of any incorporated town.
Letter From Burksville. Burksville, Jan 22, 1876.
Editor News:--The several copies of your first issue which were sent to this post office were all (except one sent to a local paper in Iowa) distributed among the settlers of this neighborhood most of whom expressed surprise in learning that a newspaper was being published at Dayton. It is the unanimous expression of the people here that the enterprise is one of the great importance to the interests of this new county. Several in this vicinity, I believe, will subscribe to the News.
The mild winter with which we were favored, with green grass
upon these hills and little valleys, was suddenly changed last Tuesday night when mother terra took upon herself the robe of winter. The snow is now two inches deep and not much drifted. Cattle are in fine order and are doing well upon grass only. Last night was the coldest night of this winter, though this would be called mild winter weather in Illinois or Ohio.
The three months' term of district school at this place closed last Tuesday. The scholars made fine progress in their several branches of study, considering the inconvenience of the room and scarcity of books. M.B.B.
The narrow gauge railroad from Columbia river to Walla-walla, even in its incomplete condition, made a difference of from 10 to 12 cents a bushel in wheat last season, and with its completion, will aid every pursuit and business interest in both counties. Yet there are men who still curse Dr. Baker, for building them a railroad.
Notary Public.--D.C. Guenrsey Notary Public will be found at all times at the Brick Store.
Dr. L.L. Davis will be found at the Dayton Drug Store, when not professionally engaged.
Preaching.--Rev. A. Morrison, Universalist, preaches tomorrow at 11 A.M. in the Methodist Church.
Notice To Settle--Those interested should read "Saloon Notice." Sparks say, they mean business this time.
Red Cross.--The Champions of the Red Cross meet every Saturday night in Matzger 's Hall.
Present.--We are the recipient of a fine present from a lady friend, which we will not name, and will bet a quarter there is not a lady in Dayton can guess what it was.
Question.--The question before the Lyceum on next Wednesday evening is Resolved. That the education of the female sex is of more importance than the education of the males.
Estray Notice.--The law now requires, that all estrays appraised over $25, must be published for one week in the county newspaper before being sold.
The Brass Band.--Our brass band are now making good progress in mastering new pieces, which is owing to the fact, that near all the members were practical musicians before the formation of the band.
Lecture.--By request, Rev. A.J. Joslyn will repeat his temperance lecture, delivered in this city recently, at the Whetstone School House, next Thursday evening at the close of which there will be a public installation of officers of Sweet Home Lodge, I.O.G.T. The public generally are invited to attend.
Returned.--Doc. Phelps returned yesterday and gives a different version to his troubles from what has heretofore been reported. He is under bonds to appear at court in Portland a few weeks hence as a witness. He denies being one of the parties to the robbery alleged, and claims that he can, and will, fully vindicate himself. We hope such may be the case.
Beet Sugar.--Some time since S.M. Wait, of this place introduced some beet sugar seed to test the capacity of this soil and climate for their culture. The experiment was entirely successful. Mr. Matzger has furnished us with the following in regard to the operations of the Sacramento Beet Sugar Company for the year 1875. They made three million pounds of sugar an average yield of 13 per cent sugar from the beets used and to sell the sugar for 10 cents a pound would amount to $300,000. At the above rate of per centage it would require in round numbers, about 11,500 tons of beets at $5 per ton amounting to $57,000, to be paid to the farmers annually, besides, a large amount of money to be paid for other purposes, such as barrels, wood, team hire and wages to employees in and about the factory. For operations of this extent there would be from 150 to 200 thousand dollars expended in our community
Dayton.--Is destined to be the second point in importance, as a business center in this upper country for many years. Walla-walla city have the supremacy, which, with the certainty of her becoming the center of a narrow gauge railroad system--will, always enable her to maintain the leading position she now holds. Dayton's advantages and opportunities as a manufacturing point are now fully recognized, and with the trade of the surrounding country, she will always secure a part of the trade from the upper country and Whitman county, which insures to her a brighter future, in the business point of view. Town property and the lands surrounding the town are now being held at low figures; the titles are perfect, and any investments made can be regarded as permanent and profitable ones. Buildings can be erected cheaper than at any other point in this upper country. Teams from the town can make a load a day from either one of these steam and one water saw mill, and lumber can be laid down at from $12 to $20 per thousand feet. Skilled mechanical labor can always be had on the most reasonable terms with all of the necessaries for building purposes. Dayton and its surroundings are characterized by the substantial and permanent buildings erected within the period of three years. Our citizens work with a united will in promoting any and all enterprise of a public nature. We are few in number as yet, and we want others desirous of making permanent business locations and home, to pay us a visit before locating elsewhere.
Lyceum.--The Dayton Lyceum discussed the question of annexation to Oregon, on Wednesday last. Hon. J.B. Shrum and George Eckler, were selected as associate judges with President Matzger. A number of our leading citizens participated in the debate, which was animated, and before quite an audience. The speakers showed that they had given considerable thought to the subject. The decision of the judges was, the weight of the arguments were in favor of annexation to Oregon.
A Suggestion.--It has been suggested that our Lyceum provide for having some lecture delivered during the winter. We have a good deal of latent talent in the community that could be brought out in this line, and old and young could be instructed as well as being entertained.
Mr. Jacob J. Surber, whose death we noticed last week, was a member of Sweet Home Lodge, No. 69, I.O.G.T., which appointed a committee, composed of Messrs. Geo. Hunter, W.W. Sherry, and C.T. Phar, for the purpose and who drafted appropriate and very expressive resolutions. We regret our want of space prevents publication.
Moving.--We have moved our office twice since we commenced operations this winter, and next to Doc. Day, we claim to be the champion moveist of the town. However, persons wishing to subscribe for the News, can find our whereabouts in the vicinity of the big coffee pot.
A law has been passed to prevent the spread of contageous or infectious diseases among animals. Sheep raisers are particularly interested in this law. It will be found on page 128 of the last session of laws.
The numerous friends of Miss Florence Hunt, will pleased to learn that she is progressing finely with her studies in Portland. We were shown a composition written by her upon the subject of "Unkind Words," which is a highly creditable production, and if read carefully by older persons, would afford much food for reflection.
A. Leland, of Lewiston, passed through town yesterday, on his way to Boston, to represent the interests of the Rescue Mine, in which he is largely interested, and which he now has good prospects of being able to work successfully. We hope a fortune may be the result of his years of labor in behalf of North Idaho and her mining interests.
The irrepressible Geo. Gibson, Dan McGreery and John Millican were in town yesterday. They report everything prosperous on the Tucannon.
Lt. Bomus, of the Garrison, and Capt. Putnam, of Walla-walla paid our town a flying visit yesterday.
Judge Wills is in town and will soon assume the duties of Probate Judge.
A proposition is around loose to make up a party to visit Waitsburg. A good idea if followed up before the snow goes off. Somebody interview Newland & Kirk and get to business.
Good Templars.--The Good Templars meet in Matzger's Hall every Tuesday evening. At their last meeting, they elected officers for the ensuing term.
The county of Columbia has at last got a wood pile of her own, but there is "barly" enough for the officers.
No active business operations to note this week. We hear of a private sale of mining stock. Figures and terms private.
The law requires that the hides of all cattle slaughtered, shall be kept by the person slaughtering the same, for a period of twenty days from the date of slaughtering.
Condon has made some fine imitations of black oak and maple, in the county offices. He is the man whose modesty forbids him to perpetrate a joke.
Sheriff Gilbreath has had considerable riding to do already. He takes the business good naturedly and like an old hand.
The I.C.'s meet twice a day in Hunt's Hotel; immediately after breakfast and after supper. None but the choicest topics discussed.
Another wedding and not six persons in town that know anything about it.
An abstract of the school lands belonging to Columbia county, has been received at the Auditor's office.
Squire Hendershott has an interesting horse case today.
Grand Ball.--Messrs W.A. Moody and Henry Torrence will give a grand ball at Torrence's Hall, on the 22d of February. A general invitation is extended to all throughout the country. Supper at Hunt's hotel. Stages will be run to carry persons to and from supper.
Interests of Walla Walla and Columbia **
From the Black Hills ** letter from John R. Brennen and George W. Stokes to M.H. McNary.