The least that this generation can do, your Honor, is to give the next generation
all the facts and theories that observation and learning have produced—give it to
the children in the hope of heaven that they will make a better world than we
have. We have just had a war with 20 million dead. Civilization is not so proud of
the work of the adults.
their knowledge. Make the distinction between religion and science. Let them
have both. Let them both be taught. Let them both live.
We feel we stand with progress. We feel we stand with science. We feel we
stand with intelligence. We feel we stand with freedom in America. We are not
afraid. Where is the fear? We meet it! Where is the fear? We defy it!
(Loud applause. Bailiff raps for order)
Source: Excerpt from Dudley Field Malone’s speech on the fourth day of the
Scopes trial, July 15, 1925. Dayton, Tennessee. Dudley Field Malone was a New
York attorney who was on the defense team, defending John Scopes. He argued
for the importance of teaching science.
Document C: Reverend Straton Article (Modified)
The real issue at Dayton and everywhere today is this: “Whether the religion of
the Bible shall be ruled out of the schools, while the religion of evolution, with its
harmful results, shall be ruled into the schools by law.”
where crime is most widespread, and they came to Tennessee to save a
community where women are still honored, where men are still polite, where laws
are still respected, where home life is still sweet, where the marriage vow is still
sacred. Think of the nerve of it! and the enormous vanity of it!
Source: Excerpt from Reverend John Roach Straton’s article in American
Fundamentalist, “The Most Sinister Movement in the United States.” December
26, 1925. John Roach Straton was a minister who preached across the country
against the sins of modern life. He was firmly opposed to the teaching of
Document D: New York Times Article (Modified)
Cranks and Freaks Flock to Dayton:
Strange Theories are Preached and Sung
Visitors to Scopes Trial are Mostly Tennessean Mountaineers.
Tennessee came to Dayton today in overalls to attend the trial of John Scopes
for the teaching of evolution. The Tennesseans came from mountain farms near
Dayton, where work, usually begun at day light, had been deserted so that gaunt,
tanned, toil-worn men and women and shy children might see William Jennings
Bryan’s “duel to the death” with “enemies of the Bible.”
occasion to speak for the “Word.” They listened to blind minstrels, who sang
mountain hymns and promises of reward for the faithful, and to a string quartet of
negroes. They walked up and down hot, dusty Market Street, with its buildings
hung with banners, and lined with soda-water, sandwich, and book stalls, as for a
carnival. Religion and business had become strangely mixed.