Electrical industry of burma/myanmar


GOVERNMENT WILL PRIORITIZE HYDROPOWER PROJECTS OVER GAS (MT: 10/07/06)



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GOVERNMENT WILL PRIORITIZE HYDROPOWER PROJECTS OVER GAS (MT: 10/07/06)

TRANSFER OF CAPITAL CREDITED WITH IMPROVING YANGON POWER SUPPLY (XN: 08-07-06)

MINISTRY OF ELECTRIC POWER RE-ORGANIZED (NLM: 16/05/06)



ELECTRICITY RATES RAISED, SUBSIDIES FOR CIVIL SERVANTS DROPPED (AP: 15/05/06)

NIBBAN ELECTRONICS EXPECTS 'IP' PROTECTION FOR ITS PRODUCTS (ASEAN: 06)

YANGON CITY ELECTRIC POWER SUPPLY BOARD LAW ENACTED (NLM: 23/11/05)

THAN SHWE ON KEY ROLE OF ELECTRICITY FOR NATIONAL DEVELOPMENT (NLM: 28/04/04)

FORMATION OF WORK COMMITTEE FOR ELECTRIC POWER DEVELOPMENT (NLM: 01/04/04)

MYANMAR REPORT TO MEKONG EXPERTS ON POWER TRADE (ADB: 18/11/03)



VILLAGE ELECTRIFICATION COMMITTEES (JICA: Sept 2003)

GOVERNMENT DRIVE TO CONSERVE ELECTRICITY (MT: 07/10/02)

REVIEW OF ELECTRIC POWER DEVELOPMENTS UP TO 2000 (BT: July 2002)

MYANMAR CONFIRMS PLANS TO BUILD NUCLEAR RESEARCH REACTOR (AFP: 22/01/02)

MYANMAR TAKES MEASURES TO TACKLE POWER SHORTAGE PROBLEM (XN: 26/06/01)

MORE INPUTS NEEDED TO POWER A HYDRO FUTURE (MT: 04/06/01)



SPECIAL PRIVILEGES ALLEGED IN ELECTRICITY DISTRIBUTION SYSTEM (NCGUB: 21/05/01)

ELECTRICITY WOES CONTINUE (IRROL: 11/05/01)

EXPERTS DIFFER OVER HOW TO FINANCE IMPROVEMENTS IN POWER SUPPLY (MT: 11/12/00)

MYANMAR'S TREMENDOUS POTENTIAL FOR ENERGY EXPORT (MT: 12/06/00)

GENERATION, DISTRIBUTION, CONSUMPTION OF ELECTRICITY IN MYANMAR (WB: 18/08/99)

INVITATION FOR FOREIGN INVESTMENT IN ELECTRIC POWER SECTOR (GUM: circa 1998)

YADANA GAS WILL FIRE ELECTRIC POWER PLANTS IN MYANMAR (MP: Sept 1995)

KEY WEBSITES FOR ACCESSING INFO ON MYANMAR’S ELECTRICAL INDUSTRY (Appendix 11)

COUNTRY REPORT OF MYANMAR AT THE FRANCO – ASEAN SEMINAR (Appendix 15)

GENERATING CAPACITY OF GRID-LINKED POWER PLANTS IN MYANMAR (Appendix 27)

THE ELECTRICITY LAW OF 1984 (Appendix 30)


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HYDRO AND THERMAL POWER EXPORT PROJECTS EP
For hydropower projects and stations where the power output is intended for use inside Burma/Myanmar, see the listings under HS.
N.B. The highlighted article below includes links to some of the key reports on environmental concerns related to hydro and coal-fired electricity projects in Burma/Myanmar.
KDNG CLAIMS WORK CONTINUING ON CPI PROJECTS IN KACHIN STATE (IRROL: 05/03/12)

GOVERNMENT CUTS COAL-FIRED POWER PLANT FROM DAWEI PROJECT (MT: 16/01/12)

SHWELI-2, SHWELI-3 DAMS TO DISPLACE THOUSANDS IN SHAN STATE NORTH (TYSO: 25/11/11)

CPI PRESIDENT RESPONDS TO SUSPENSION OF MYITSONE AGREEMENT (Xinhua: 03/10/11)

PRESIDENT THEIN SEIN ORDERS SUSPENSION OF MYITSONE DAM PROJECT (IRROL: 30/09/11)

CHINA POWER INVESTMENT EIA REPORT ON UPPER AYEYAWADY PROJECTS (CSPDR: AUG2011)

BANCA’S CRITICAL REPORT ON CHINA-BACKED DAM SMOTHERED (DVB: 18/07/11)

CHINA’S INFRASTRUCTURE INVESTMENT SEEN AS CAUSE OF KACHIN CONFLICT (IRROL: 16/06/11)

PRIME MINISTER UPDATED ON THE MYITSON HYDROPOWER PROJECT (NLM: 25/01/11)



TAPEIN-1 HYDROPOWER PLANT IN KACHIN STATE OFFICIALLY OPENED (NLM: 24/01/11)

CHINA GUODIAN TO BUILD POWER STATION ON NAM TABAT IN KACHIN STATE (NLM: 22/01/11)



CHINA DATANG AND SHWETAUNG TEAM UP FOR SIX HYDROPOWER PROJECTS (NLM: 20/01/11)

MONGTON (TASANG) HYDROPOWER PROJECT TO BE DEVELOPED ON THANLWIN (NLM: 12/11/10)

4000-MEGAWATT POWER PLANT PLANNED FOR DAWEI DEEP-SEA PORT (NLM: 03/11/10)

DATANG BEGINS OPERATIONS AT TAPEIN RIVER HYDROPOWER PLANT (Interfax, 03/09/10)

AGREEMENT SIGNED ON NGAWCHANHKA HYDROPOWER PROJECT (NLM: 25/07/10)

MOU SIGNED ON MAWLAIK AND KALEWA POWER PROJECTS (NLM: 29/05/10)



CONTROVERSIAL HATGYI DAM TO GO AHEAD (Bangkok Nation: 16/02/10)

SOUTH CHINA POWER COMPANIES TARGET RIVERS IN NE SHAN STATE (Sohu: 08/02/10)

CHINESE ENGINEERS PLANNING GRID CONNECTION WITH BURMA PROJECTS (IRROL: 23/01/10)

AGREEMENT ON FOUR HYDRO PROJECTS SIGNED WITH DATANG (PRC Commerce: 15/01/10)

MOU SIGNED ON NAO PHA AND MAN TUNG HYDROPOWER PROJECTS (HydroChina: 28/12/09)

SHWELI-1 HYDROPOWER PLANT OFFICIALLY INAUGURATED (NLM: 17/05/09)

HYDROPOWER PROJECTS GENERATE CONCERN IN SOUTH ASIA (Asian Energy: 15/03/09)



CHIPWI CREEK PLANT TO POWER HUGE HYDEL PROJECT IN KACHIN STATE (MT: 24/03/08)

CHINA PETITIONED ON BURMA DAM PROJECTS (dpa: 02/12/07)

CHINESE FIRM TAKES 51% INTEREST IN TASANG HYDROPOWER PROJECT (MT: 19/11/07)



BANGLADESH, MYANMAR TO SIGN HYDROPOWER DEAL (XN: 15/07/07)

EGAT AGREED ONLY TO STUDY FEASIBILITY OF SALWEEN PROJECT (BKP: 10/06/07)

THAI COMPANY PURSUING BIG HYDROPOWER PROJECT IN TANINTHAYI (MT: 21/05/07)

MOU ON UPPER THANLWIN HYDROPOWER PROJECT INKED (NLM: 07/04/07)

MYANMAR, THAILAND BEGIN WORK ON CONTROVERSIAL TASANG DAM (AFP: 05/04/07)

AGREEMENT SIGNED FOR UPPER KACHIN HYDEL PROJECTS (MYITSON) (NLM: 02/01/07



CHINA'S FIRST BOT HYDRO POWER PROJECT IN MYANMAR REVS UP (News Mekong: 30/12/06)

TAPING RIVER HYDROPOWER PROJECTS UNDER DISCUSSION IN CHINA (Hubei Daily: 04/11/06)

PLANS FOR HTAMANTHI DAM PROJECT ON CHINDWIN NEAR FINALIZATI0N (MT: 28/08/06)



TRIBE'S HOME TO BE A VALLEY OF THE DAMMED (London Times: 22/03/06)

THE WEIGYI DAM: 'A GREAT BARRIER AND A WAY TO SAFETY' (KDRG: March 2006)

HYDROPOWER DEPT AND EGAT INK AGREEMENT ON HUTGYI PROJECT (NLM: 10/12/05)

SHWESAYAY HYDROPOWER PROJECT UNDER DETAILED FEASIBILITY STUDY (NLM: 07/02/04)

MYANMAR REPORT TO MEKONG EXPERTS ON POWER TRADE (ADB: 18/11/03)

POTENTIAL IMPACTS OF THE WEIGYI AND DAGWIN HYDROPOWER DAMS (FER: June 2003)

MYANMAR'S TREMENDOUS POTENTIAL FOR ENERGY EXPORT (MT: 12/06/00)

CHRONOLOGY OF THE CANCELED LIGNITE POWER PLANT AT TACHILEK (NLM: 10/05/00)

POWER PURCHASE DEAL BETWEEN THAILAND AND BURMA ON THE WAY (Nation: 27/05/97)



YADANA GAS WILL FIRE ELECTRIC POWER PLANTS IN MYANMAR (MP: Sept 1995)

THAI LOGGING FIRM STRIKES DEAL FOR HYDROPOWER DAMS (Nation: 24/01/94)

POWER TRADING IN THE GREATER MEKONG SUB-REGION (GMS) (Appendix 14)

MONG KHOK COAL RESERVES STIR INTEREST IN STEAM DRIVEN POWER PLANT (Appendix 25)

UPPER CASCADES HYDROPOWER PROJECTS IN KACHIN STATE (Appendix 32)
CP014: FOREIGN INVESTMENT DRIVEN HYDROPOWER PROJECTS
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INDEPENDENT PRODUCERS AND PROJECTS IP
VILLAGERS PETITION AGAINST DAM CONSTRUCTION ON ANYAPHYA CREEK (IRROL: 15/03/12)

RESIDENTS PROTEST KAWTHAUNG COAL-FIRED POWER PLANT (Mizzima, 05/03/12)

LOCAL SUPPLIERS USING NEW RATE STRUCTURE FOR ELECTRICITY CHARGES (MT:12/09/11)

THAUKYAYKAT-2 HYDROPOWER PROJECT TO OPERATE UNDER B.O.T SYSTEM (NLM: 28/08/11)

OFFICIAL VISIT GIVES IMPETUS TO UPPER SEDAWGYI DAM PROJECT (NLM: 23/04/09)

AGREEMENT SIGNED ON COAL-FIRED THERMAL POWER PLANT FOR YANGON (NLM: 14/02/10)

BILUCHAUNG NO 3 HYDROPOWER PROJECT MOVING AHEAD (NLM: 14/02/09)

ELECTRICITY FLOWING FROM MONK-DRIVEN PROJECTS IN MON STATE (MNA: 05/02/09)



SELF RELIANT HYDROPOWER PLANT SERVING 600 HOMES IN KANAN (NLM: 30/01/09)

FACTORIES STRUGGLE TO KEEP UP WITH RISING FUEL PRICES (IRROL: 06/03/08)

FOREIGN CONSULTANTS FOR PRIVATE HYDRO PROJECTS (MT: 26/11/07)

FUEL PRICE INCREASE IMPACTS INDUSTRIAL USE OF ELECTRICITY (IRROL: 15/08/07)

PREMIUM RATES FOR ELECTRICITY IN MON VILLAGES (IMNA: 03/08/07)

ELECTRICITY METERING PROGRAM TAKING ROOT (IMNA: 11/05/07)

CHINA'S FIRST BOT HYDRO POWER PROJECT IN MYANMAR REVS UP (News Mekong: 30/12/06)

TROUBLED HISTORY OF POWER SUPPLY AT TACHILEK (Shan Herald: 25/08/06)

KIO PROMISES BETTER POWER SUPPLY FOR KACHIN STATE (IRROL: 25/08/06)

IMPACT OF UNRELIABLE POWER SUPPLY ON INDUSTRIALIZATION IN MYANMAR (IDE: 10/05)

PROPOSAL FOR BARGE-BASED POWER PLANT AT MONYWA COPPER MINE (ECFA: 2004)

NAMWOK HYDROPOWER PLANT RE-OPENED (SHAN: 09/04)

PRIVATE SECTOR PROMOTING INTEREST IN RENEWABLE ENERGY (MT: 12/07/04)

THAKYET RIVER HYDROPOWER PROJECT INITIATED (Mergui-Tavoy Info Unit, April 2004)

SITTWAY POWER COMPANY PLAGUED BY DIESEL DEFICIT (Narinjara: 25/03/03)

PROMISING POWER SECTOR ATTRACTS PRIVATE INVESTMENT (MT: 23/12/02)

MALAYSIAN COMPANY TO BUILD MINI-HYDRO POWER PLANTS (MT: 02/09/02)

PRIVATE OPERATORS MEET NEED FOR ALTERNATIVE POWER SERVICE (MT: 03/02/02)

MORE INPUTS NEEDED TO POWER A HYDRO FUTURE (MT: 04/06/01)

CHRONOLOGY OF THE CANCELED LIGNITE POWER PLANT AT TACHILEK (NLM: 10/05/00)

BURMA EYES PRIVATE POWER PRODUCERS (Nation: 13/02/96)



THAUKYEKHAT HYDEL POWER PROJECT: NOTES (Appendix 12)

ANYAPYA HYDROPOWER PROJECT IN DAWEI TOWNSHIP (Appendix 19)

HTOO TRADING TO BUILD HTAKHA HYDROPOWER PROJECT ON B.O.T. BASIS (Appendix 20)

SONPHU HYDROPOWER STATION SERVING WA REGION (Appendix 21)

POWER OASIS DEVELOPMENT CO TO DEVELOP UPPER BILUCHAUNG PROJECT (Appendix 22)


The definition of ‘independent power producer’ in the present context in Myanmar is in a state of flux. At the village level there are dozens of mini-hydro and bio-fueled generating projects where electricity is generated and distributed to users under local or commercial auspices. Similarly in suburban areas of the larger cities and towns local commercial interests operate diesel fuel generators which distribute electricity to a limited number of households at the ward of precinct level for a few hours a day.
Some of the cease-fire pacts signed by insurgent military groups with the Myanmar military after the 1988 coup d’etat also contained provisions for setting up independent hydropower projects in the areas controlled by these insurgernts. With the change to civilian government in 2011, it is unclear under what conditions these facilities will continue to be operated, as some of the insurgent groups have agreed to operate as militia units under the Myanmar tatmadaw while others have have yet to indicate what role they see for themselves and the infrastructure facilities under the new constitution.
On a larger scale, the government has recently signed agreements with several national construction firms that authorize the latter to develop medium-sized hydro or thermal power plants on a ‘Build-Operate-Transfer’ (B.O.T.) basis. The electricity generated at these facilities would presumably be sold to MEPE which currently has a monopoly on all long-distance transmission in the country and then resold by MEPE to local consumers. Under the ‘transfer’ part of the agreement, the generating facilities are eventually to be handed over to the government after a period of anywhere from 20 – 40 years. Considerable confusion has arisen in cases such as Baluchaung-3 and Thaukyegat-2 hydropower projects because news items in the state media sometimes refer to them as projects of EPM-1 while on other occasions as projects of the companies concerned.
On a much larger scale, the government has signed B.O.T. agreements with several of the largest electric power companies in the PRC, Thailand and India for the development of at least two dozen mega- hydropower stations and coal-fired generating plants. From what is known of these contracts, they include provisions for most of the power produced at these facilties to be exported from Myanmar, while reserving rights to the national system in Myanmar to draw on these sources to meet its own demand. For more on the development of Myanmar’s potential for electricity production by foreign companies, see the section

‘Hydro and thermal power export projects’ (EP) in the topical index.


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INDUSTRIAL AND COMMERCIAL USE OF ELECTRICITY IU
STAKE-DRIVING FOR INDUSTRIAL ZONE NEAR HPA-AN (MT: 12/12/11)

ELECTRIC RAILWAY TO LINK YUNNAN BORDER WITH INDIAN OCEAN (dpa: 29/08/11)

MEASURES FOR EFFICIENT USE OF ELECTRICITY AND GAS COORDINATED (NLM: 13/07/11)

NEW GENERATOR INSTALLED AT THANLYIN OIL REFINERY (MT: 11/07/11)
IMPROVED POWER SUPPLY BRINGS BETTER BUSINESS CLIMATE TO MOST (MT: 06/06/11)

LOCAL ELECTRICITY PLANT POWERS VILLAGE METAL WORKSHOPS IN THABYU (NLM: 27/03/11)

NEW HYDRO POWER PLANTS EASE DRY SEASON SHORTAGES IN YANGON (MT: 20/12/10)

ELECTRICITY SUPPLY KEY TO INDUSTRY SHIFT TO MYANMAR (MT: 16/08/10)



POWER BOOST FOR YANGON AS RAIN FALLS (MT: 21/06/10)

RANGOON FACTORIES ORDERED TO INSTALL CAPACITOR BANKS (Mizzima: 03/09/09)

RISKY JOB FOR LINE CREW ON BAGO RIVER CROSSING PYLONS (NLM: 27/02/09)

PHARMA FACTORY NOMINATED FOR ENERGY AWARD (MT: 16/06/08)

INDUSTRIAL ZONES RECOVERING FROM CYCLONE (MT: 26/05/08)

FACTORIES STRUGGLE TO KEEP UP WITH RISING FUEL PRICES (IRROL: 06/03/08)

POWER HUNGRY MYAUNGDAGAR INDUSTRIAL ZONE NEARLY READY (MT: 25/02/08)

FISHERIES FACTORIES TO GET 24-HOUR POWER “BY MARCH” (MT: 22/10/07)

GAS IN SHORT SUPPLY TO MEET DEMAND FOR ELECTRICITY (MT: 17/09/07)

FUEL PRICE INCREASE IMPACTS INDUSTRIAL USE OF ELECTRICITY (IRROL: 15/08/07)

RELIABLE POWER SUPPLY GIVES ADVANTAGE TO THAI SHRIMP FARMERS (MT: 13/08/07)

POWER SUPPLY, BANK CREDIT KEYS TO SME BREAKOUT (MT: 09/07/07)



FISHERIES FACTORIES OFFERED 24-HOUR POWER (MT: 09/07/07)

INDUSTRIAL ZONES TO RUN AT NIGHT (MT: 26/03/07)



YANGON INDUSTRIALISTS URGED TO INCREASE PRODUCTION (NLM: 12/03/07)

INVENTOR CO-OP SOCIETY EXPORTS FIRST RICE-HUSK GENERATORS (MT: 21/08/06)

INDUSTRIAL SECTOR TO BENEFIT FROM ATTENTION TO POWER SUPPLY (NLM: 23/07/06)

BUSINESS LEADERS TO PAY FOR NEW POWER SUB-STATIONS (MT: 17/07/06)

INDUSTRIALISTS URGED TO DIVERSIFY PRODUCTION (MT: 09/0106)

PADDY HUSK POWER PLANT TESTED TO CUT RICE MILLING COSTS (MT: 19/12/05)

IMPACT OF UNRELIABLE POWER SUPPLY ON INDUSTRIALIZATION IN MYANMAR (IDE: 10/05)



IVANHOE LOOKING TO YEYWA PROJECT FOR POWER SUPPLY (MT: 24/10/05)

PUMP PROJECT TO IRRIGATE SEMI-ARID FARMLANDS ( MT: 09/08/04)

HYDROPOWER PLANNED FOR BORDER INDUSTRIAL ZONES (MT: 31/05/04)

PROPOSAL FOR BARGE-BASED POWER PLANT AT MONYWA COPPER MINE (ECFA: 2004)

MANUFACTURE OF SMALL HYDRO TURBINES IN MYANMAR (JICA: Sept 2003)

USE OF YADANA GAS FOR POWER GENERATION AND INDUSTRY: CHRONOLOGY (Appendix 6)



COGENERATION POTENTIAL OF MYANMAR’S PRODUCTION OF SUGARCANE (Appendix 17)

ELECTRIC IRRIGATION PUMP PROJECTS IN MYANMAR (Appendix 29)


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MAJOR DOMESTIC HYDROPOWER STATIONS AND PROJECTS HS
For hydro and thermal power projects where the output is intended mainly for export to countries outside Burma/Myanmar see the listings under EP
FIRST GENERATOR AT KYEE-OHN KYEE-WA DAM GOES INTO OPERATION (NLM: 15/01/12)

INAUGURATION OF SHWEGYIN DAM AND HYDROPOWER PLANT (NLM: 23/10/11)

GENERAL THAN SHWE VISITS THE UPPER YEYWA HYDROPOWER PROJECT (NLM, 22/04/10)



PLENTIFUL WATER RESOURCES TO GENERATE ELECTRICITY (NLM: 31/12/09)

SHWELI-1 HYDROPOWER PLANT OFFICIALLY INAUGURATED (NLM: 17/05/09)

OFFICIAL VISIT GIVES IMPETUS TO UPPER SEDAWGYI DAM PROJECT (NLM: 23/04/09)

OFFICIAL OPENING OF KENGTAWNG FALLS HYDROPOWER STATION (NLM: 25/03/09)

DIVERSION PHASE OF NANCHO HYDROPOWER PROJECT NEARS COMPLETION (NLM: 25/02/09)



BILUCHAUNG NO 3 HYDROPOWER PROJECT MOVING AHEAD (NLM: 14/02/09)

SAI TIN HYDROPOWER PROJECT PLANS ANNOUNCED (NLM: 28/01/09)

ONE THIRD OF THE MYITTHA DAM EMBANKMENT FINISHED (NLM: 11/12/08)



KENGTAWNG HYDROPOWER PLANT NEARLY READY TO PRODUCE ELECTRICITY (MT: 29/0908)

KENGKHAM MULTI-PURPOSE DAM TO HELP 'GREEN' THE MEIKTILA PLAIN (NLM: 07/08/08)

NATIONAL HYDROPOWER PROJECT SCHEDULE UPDATED (MT: 21/07/08)



KHABAUNG RESERVOIR AND HYDEL STATION INAUGURATED IN OTTWIN TSP (NLM: 24/03/08)

BUYWA AND UPPER BUYWA POWER PROJECTS TAKE SHAPE (NLM: 18/12/07)

COLENCO ENGINEERING TO ADVISE ON UPPER YEYWA PROJECT (NLM: 04/07/07)



LOW WATER LEVELS HINDER POWER DISTRIBUTION (MT: 02/04/07)

COMPLETION OF HYDROPOWER PLANTS ASSIGNED HIGHEST PRIORITY (MT: 12/02/07)



YENWE HYDROPOWER STATION INAUGURATED (NLM: 11/02/07)

CHINA'S FIRST BOT HYDRO POWER PROJECT IN MYANMAR REVS UP (News Mekong: 30/12/06)

MYOGYI MULTI-PURPOSE DAM TO HARNESS WATERS OF THE ZAWGYI (NLM: 25/12/06)

PLANS FOR HTAMANTHI DAM PROJECT ON CHINDWIN NEAR FINALIZATION (MT: 28/08/06)



INVENTORY OF GENERATING PLANTS, TRANSMISSION GRIDS, PROJECTS (NLM: 30/07/06)

DIPLOMATS, JOURNALISTS TOUR BAGO HYDROPOWER PROJECTS (NLM: 16/05/06)



THAHTAY CREEK DAM AND OTHER HYDROPOWER PROJECTS IN ARAKAN (NLM: 20/04/06)

NATIONAL UPDATE ON ELECTRIC POWER PLANTS (NLM, 18-22/01/06)

AGREEMENT SIGNED ON UPPER PAUNGLAUNG HYDROPOWER PROJECT (MIC: 04/09/05)

DAM DESIGN AT YEYWA HYDROPOWER PROJECT SAVES TIME, COSTS (MT: 04/04/05)

KUNCHAUNG MULTIPURPOSE PROJECT NEEDS BETTER CO-ORDINATION (NLM: 16/03/05)

PAUNGLAUNG POWER PLANT MYANMAR’S FIRST UNDERGROUND STATION (MT: 14/03/05)

SEDOKTARA MULTIPURPOSE DAM AND POWER STATION OPENED (NLM: 30/12/04)

POWER AND IRRIGATION FUNCTIONS OF SEDAWGYI DAM TO BE IMPROVED (NLM: 28/12/04)

SPEEDY COMPLETION OF MANIPURA DAM URGED (NLM: 22/12/04)

HYDRO POWER PROJECTS NEARING COMPLETION (MT: 28/06/04)



HYDRO-POWERING THE REGIME (Irrawaddy: June 2004)

PRIME MINISTER VISITS KENGTAWNG FALLS HYDROPOWER PROJECT (NLM: 26-05-04)



SHWEGYIN HYDROPOWER PROJECT SET IN CONFLICT ZONE (NLM: 24/04/04)

SHWESAYAY HYDROPOWER PROJECT UNDER DETAILED FEASIBILITY STUDY (NLM: 07/02/04)

THAKYET RIVER HYDROPOWER PROJECT INITIATED (MTDIU: April 2004)

MULTI-PURPOSE KHABAUNG PROJECT LONG OVERDUE (NLM: 13/09/03)



PYU MULTI-PURPOSE DAM PROJECT IN THE OFFING (NLM: 29/08/03)

CONTRACT FOR SHWELI HYDROPOWER PROJECT SIGNED WITH YMEC (NLM: 09/08/03)



KYEE-OHN KYEE-WA MULTI-PURPOSE DAM ON MON CREEK UNDERWAY (NLM: 01/0703)

BAWGATA CREEK WILL BE DAMMED TO PRODUCE ELECTRIC POWER (NLM: 10/09/02)

POWER STATION OF THAPHANSEIK DAM COMMISSIONED INTO SERVICE (NLM: 19/06/02)

GENERATION FACILITIES SCHEDULED FOR COMMISSIONING IN 2002-2004 (MT: 07/01/02)

MORE INPUTS NEEDED TO POWER A HYDRO FUTURE (MT: 04/06/01)



ZAUNGTU HYDROELECTRIC PLANT OPENED ON UPPER BAGO RIVER (NLM: 23/03/00)

ZAWGYI NO 2 HYDROPOWER STATION LAUNCHED (NLM: 17/03/00)

LAWPITA POWER PLANTS AND ASSOCIATED DAMS (Appendix 1)

BILIN RIVER HYDROPOWER PROJECT: NOTES (Appendix 2)

DAGYAING CREEK HYDROPOWER PROJECT IN HLAINGBWE TOWNSHIP: NOTES (Appendix 3)

HYDROPOWERING THE REGIME (Appendix 8)

KINDA DAM FIFTEEN YEARS ON: EVALUATION OF HYDROPOWER IMPACTS (Appendix 10)

THAUKYEKHAT-1 HYDEL POWER PROJECT: NOTES (Appendix 12)

MIDDLE PAUNGLAUNG HYDROPOWER PROJECT LAUNCHED (Appendix 28)
CP010: DOMESTIC HYDROPOWER PROJECTS UNDER IMPLEMENTATION OR PLANNING

CP011: MAJOR DOMESTIC HYDROPOWER STATIONS: OPERATIONAL DATA
This section of the compendium deals with major state-sponsored hydropower projects in Burma/ Myanmar that are operating or being developed primarily to provide electricity for use inside the country. In the Burma/ Myanmar context a ‘major’ project is considered to be one that generates 10 megawatts or more. Starting in the 1960s all major hydropower projects in the country were undertaken by the state for use within the country, but two new trends have emerged in recent years. On the one hand, plans have been announced to harness the waters of important rivers near border areas of the country in order to export electricity to China, Thailand and India. These are covered in the section dealing with the export of electricity. (EP) More recently, independent producers have completed or come up with plans for small but significant hydropower projects for internal comsumption of the electricity produced. These are covered in the section dealing with independent power producers. (IP)
Up to the present, four large hydroelectric projects have emerged in Burma Myanmar. The first was the the still unfinished Lawpita project in Kayah state, begun in the mid-fifties and added to on various occasions until it reached its present operating capacity of 192 MW in 1992. The text article (LP) covers a wide range of material available on the Lawpita stations. The second, the 280-MW Paunglaung dam with its underground station, (PL) was begun in 1996 but not completed until 2005. Work on the Yeywa project (790 MW) on the Myitnge river south-east of Mandalay (YY) was begun in 2000 and is scheduled for completion in late 2009. The fourth major facility on the Shweli (Mao) river in northern Shan state has been capped at 600 MW (SL). Power production, now scheduled to start up in 2008-09, was originally slated for domestic consumption in Burma/Myanmar, but a recent news report indicated that as much as 85pc may be exported to neighbouring Yunnan province in the PRC.
During the eighties, the Kinda (56 MW) (KD) and Sedawgyi (25 MW) (SD) multi-purpose dam projects with both irrigation and hydropower components were undertaken in Mandalay division with multilateral financing. These developments spawned a whole series of medium-sized multi-purpose dam projects in the nineties and since the beginning of the present decade in rivers of the Sittaung basin. The largest of these has been the Paunglaung dam (PL) near Toungoo. Other functioning multi-purpose dams and power plants in the Sittaung basin include the 25-MW Yenwe creek (YW) plant in Kyaukdaga township and the 20-MW Zaungtu (ZT) plant on the upper Bago river in Bago township, while the 60-MW Kunchaung (KN), the 30-MW Khabaung creek (KB), the 40-MW Pyu creek (PU) and the 75-MW Shwegyin creek (SG) projects are scheduled for completion before 2010. West of the Ayeyawaddy, the multi-purpose Monechaung dam and power house (MN) that has a 75-MW capacity became operational in 2004. In the upper reaches of the southward flowing Mu River in Sagaing division, the long-planned Thaphanseik dam (TP) to control the waters used in the extensive irrigation system of the Mu was completed in 2001, was followed a year later by the commissioning of a power house capable of generating 30 MW.
One trend that has become increasingly evident over the last few years is the development of secondary support dams on rivers that have already been harnessed for hydropower and irrigation purposes. The need for support dams of this type is clearly put in the key article for Upper Sedawgyi project (SD). The first of these was developed in the nineties on the Zawgyi (ZG) in Lawksawk township in western Shan state where an 18-MW run-of-the-river hydro station was opened in 1998, followed by the construction of a dam and a second hydro power station about 10 miles upstream on the Zawgyi in 2000. The long –delayed opening of the Paunglaung dam and power station in 2005 was accompanied by an announcement that work was to begin immediately on support dams on the Upper Paunglaung and Nancho (UPN) rivers because the new facility would not be able to function at at full capacity even in the rainy season unless other dams were built in the watershed above it. Work is also proceeding on similar support dams for the Sedawgyi (SD), Monechaung (UB) and the Kengtawng Falls (KF) power plants. In mid-2007, it was announced that plans were underway for a support dam for the 790-MW Yeywa power dam on the Myitnge at Pyaungsho (PS) in Nawngkhio township. Construction has also begun on multi-purpose dams on the lower Zawgyi (MG) and lower Mone (KK) which will be supported by already completed dams on the upper stretches of these two rivers.

Work has begun on diversion tunnels or site preparation for several other projects in more isolated areas of the country These include the Pyintha (40 MW) and Manipur (380 MW) (PM) dams in the Myittha river valley near the border of Chin state and the Thahtay Creek (102 MW) (TT) and Ann (15 MW) dams in southern Arakan state. Other projects for domestic consumption under study or survey are the 20-MW Thakyet river station (TK) in Taninthayi township, the 25-MW Daying creek station (DY) in Hlaingbwe township, the 660-MW Shwesayay dam (SY) in Budalin township on the Chindwin and the long-postponed Bilin river (280 MW) (BL) dam in Mon state.


The outdated but readily available set of US Army topographic maps of Burma (1:250.000) has been referenced to pinpoint the location of each of the projects and hydropower stations for which an entry is provided. http://www.lib.utexas.edu/maps/ams/burma/. Dams that were established before 2002 are clearly visible on Google Earth and are so noted.
Not surprisingly, most of the attention in the official media is devoted to describing visits by senior officials of the military junta to dam construction projects which are carried out by or under the supervision of state corporations, while very little information is provided about the generating equipment that is provided for these facilities. This is now almost entirely contracted to PRC firms which also undertake the installation of the equipment. The main construction work at the large, recently completed Paunglaung project, and the still uncompleted Yeywa and Shweli No 1 diversion and dam facilities and power houses has also been undertaken almost entirely by PRC companies and financed through soft loans from official and private sources in the PRC.
Feasibility studies and project design for the following hydropower projects have been or are being carried out by Kansai Electric Power Co of Japan: Yenwe, Khabaung, Pyuchaung, Shwegyin, Bawgata, Shwesayay, Nancho. Colenco Power Engineering Consultants of Switzerland is under contract for studies and design of the Yeywa, Htamanthi, Upper Paunglaung and Pyaunghylo projects.
With the exception of the Lawpita hydropower facilities, very little information is available about the maintenance of dams, diversion facilities and generating equipment once they are put into operation. Apparently, little has been done to exhaustively evaluate the economic rate of return and social and ecological impacts of major hydropower projects except for the Kinda project (KD) which was studied by an ADB team in 2001. Unfortunately, even this review was limited in scope when the study team was prevented from visiting the project area in person.
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