18,000 people to be assisted 206,305 Swiss francs DREF allocated 1,825,400 Swiss francs current Appeal budget
Appeal launched March 2018 Appeal ends December 2018
This Emergency Appeal seeks 1,825,400 Swiss francs to support the Uganda Red Cross Society (URCS) to assist 18,000people for 9 months with the provision of assistance in the form of health, water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH), protection, gender, and inclusion. The details of the response strategy are available in the Emergency Plan of Action (EPoA).
The crisis and the Red Cross Red Crescent response to date
December 2017 A period of inter-communal conflict in the Democratic Republic of Congo’s (DRC’s) Ituri and North Kivu Provinces prompts mass displacement movements with people escaping violence, human rights abuses and seeking shelter and assistance in neighbouring Uganda. The refugees are being accommodated in Kyangwali and Kyaka II camps. With support from the IFRC, the URCS is providing assistance to the DRC refugees and scaling up its efforts to respond to the humanitarian needs of the affected population.
January 2018 206,305 Swiss francs allocated from the IFRC’s Disaster Relief Emergency Fund (DREF) to respond to the humanitarian needs.
February 2018 The number of refugees entering Uganda escalates significantly, with on average 3,875 new arrivals per day).
March 2018 Responding to the humanitarian needs and based on a request from the National Society, Emergency Appeal launched for 1,825,400 Swiss francs for 18,000 people.
The operational strategy
Needs assessment and beneficiary selection
An assessment was carried out by the URCS in February 2018 with the support of the IFRC. Access to clean and safe water is one of the most urgent needs identified, which was in line with the government and with the focus group discussions conducted with refugees. On 23 February, the government declared a cholera outbreak in Kyangwali and Kyaka II settlements with 3 confirmed cases. The case load has been increasing and by early March over 1,400 cases and 32 deaths were reported.
The particular needs are the following:
Emergency safe water supply
Sustainable water supply
Coverage of sanitation facilities at institutional and household levels
Reception center management
Community based structure
The process of identifying beneficiaries follows the official refugee registration and information systems being managed by the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) and the Office of the Prime Minister (OPM). A high proportion of the refugees are considered to be vulnerable and in need, and the targeting considers the gap analysis, in coordination with other actors implementing activities. All persons considered Extremely Vulnerable Individuals (EVIs) / Persons with Special Needs (PSNs) are targeted as well.
The Government and UNHCR are currently re-registering all refugees in Uganda, following a biometric process. Unfortunately, the delays and challenges with this approach coupled with the overwhelming numbers of refugees crossing the border until March 2018 has negatively impacted the registration process, and disaggregated data is not available for Kyangwali settlement. Only the number of people arrived is compiled. Based on previous estimates, various partners and observations at entry points, the number of women and children is estimated at up to 70%.
Through this Emergency Appeal, the URCS seeks to fill a gap in the current response by assisting 18,000 persons (3,000 households) in Ntoroko transit camp and Kyangwali settlement, with health, WASH and PGI activities. The Emergency Appeal will be part of a broader URCS operation, including funds from UNICEF and bilateral programs of partner National Societies (still under development at the time this document was written). The host population is targeted as well by URCS teams, especially regarding hygiene and health promotion, through a complementary operation supported by UNICEF.
Coordination and partnerships
The response to the crisis is led and coordinated by the Government authorities and UNHCR, in broad consultation with the URCS, UN agencies and Non-Governmental Organisations (NGOs) involved in the response.
The UNHCR is the lead agency in registration, camp management, and shelter (all shelter components, including non-food items for all new arrivals), with various implementing partners. URCS has currently no agreement with UNHCR in Kyangwali or Kyaka II settlements. URCS only recently started activities in these camps and is still in discussion with UNHCR for collaboration. Among the UN agencies, the current agreement is only with UNICEF. UNHCR, together with the Government, is leading the coordination between actors on the ground, which includes URCS operations.
At the country level, URCS works with the IFRC, the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC), and several partner National Societies.
The overall management, monitoring and evaluation of the URCS operation is done by the URCS disaster management team, with technical assistance from the Health team. The coordination is at national, regional and local levels with all other stakeholders, including the Government, the local authorities and UNHCR for technical support and standardization of approaches. The URCS field staff and volunteers implement the operation with technical support from the Headquarters, the IFRC Eastern Africa Cluster Office in Nairobi, and the ICRC country delegation. The URCS continues to attend coordination meetings, sharing information, experiences and best practices related to the operation as appropriate.
Proposed Areas for intervention
The overall objective of this operation is to provide lifesaving emergency services to 18,000 newly arrived Congolese refugees (3,000 families), including women and children in Kyangwali Refugee Settlement and people entering Uganda through Kanara in Ntoroko district while in transit, for a period of 9 months.
The strategy focuses on WASH, Health and PGI activities:
Safe water supply with the deployment of 2 Kit5 (with a capacity of 5,000 persons per day each)
Distribution of water purification tablets in emergency phase
Construction and/or rehabilitation of 10 wells for sustainability
Sanitation, construction of sanitation facilities for 3,000 households
Non-food item distribution (jerrycan, soap, tools, mosquito nets)
Community-based disease prevention and health promotion
Community Based Health and First Aid (CBHFA)
Minimal Mother, New-born and Child Health (MNCH) services
Distribution of dignity kits for pregnant women
Protection, gender, and inclusion (PGI)
Peer to Peer (P2P) awareness sessions on Sexual and Gender Based Violence (SBGV) and Child Protection
Child friendly places
Women and girls’ safe spaces.
The intervention will take a community-based approached, through the identification, capacitation and involvement of community members. To guarantee the equal representation of interests of all segments of the population, the approach will involve women, man and youth in the delivery of activities.
The IFRC will actively communicate with external audiences around the population Movement crisis and the response – generating visibility around the ongoing humanitarian needs on the ground and the ongoing impact of the Red Cross response. Close collaboration will be maintained between the regional communications unit, IFRC country office and the Uganda Red Cross to ensure a common communications approach is adopted that ensures that Movement partners speak with one voice. Commonly agreed key messages and talking points will be produced together with Cross-Media materials. A proactive approach will be maintained regarding engagement with the international media so that the Red Cross response is well profiled and resource mobilization efforts are supported. Communications material will be actively promoted via IFRC communications platforms.
Health and Nutrition
People targeted: 18,000
Requirements (CHF): 114,944
Proposed intervention: The refugee influx has placed a burden on the health systems; which is exacerbated by pre-existing conditions, poor living conditions and lack of information among the refugee population. There is a notable upsurge in numbers of refugees affected by respiratory tract infections, malaria, diarrheal diseases and psychosocial issues. There is limited capacity to manage this increased disease burden at primary health care level due to the increased caseloads of patients seeking care and therefore the treatment and care of chronic conditions, including diabetes, HIV, TB, etc. have been temporarily disrupted. On February 2018, the government confirmed and declared an outbreak of cholera among refugees and the host population in Kyangwali and Kyaka II refugee settlements in Hoima and Kyegegwa districts respectively. By 5 March, a total of 1,415 cases had been identified in Kyangwali settlement alone, with 30 deaths. Kyaka II refugee settlement had recorded 51 cholera cases, with 2 deaths.
This operation aims at reducing the immediate risks to the health of 3,000 households (18,000 people) through community-based disease prevention and health promotion, epidemic prevention, as well as minimum initial maternal and neonatal health services. The activities will assist people in Kyangwali refugee settlement as well as people entering Uganda through Kanara in Ntoroko district while in transit.
Outcome 1:The immediate risks to the health of affected populations are reduced
Conduct rapid health needs assessment among refugees & host population (focusing on major health problems, health risks, availability and location of health services and behaviours that promote and protect good health)
Output 1.2: Community-based disease prevention and health promotion is provided to the target population
Community Based Health and First Aid (CBHFA) training to strengthen disease surveillance at community and health facility level
Procurement of 30 CBHFA toolkits (1 toolkit/volunteer)
Procurement of first aid kits
Mileage for 1 vehicle to support activities
Output 1.3: Epidemic prevention and control measures carried out
Review/update or develop community-based disease outbreak preparedness plans
Training on communicable disease surveillance in coordination with the Government health authorities
Volunteer allowance to conduct health promotion and surveillance sessions for 18,000 refugees
Stationaries for health promotion campaigns for prevention and control of disease outbreaks
Develop and print ECV toolkits and IEC materials, including posters and leaflets on identified diseases of epidemic potential
Mobile cinema for disease prevention and control awareness (projector, screen, sound and generator)
Training volunteers for mobile cinema sessions
Mobile cinema sessions (fuel for 1 session/week for 3 locations for6 months)
Conduct mass media campaigns on prevention of priority diseases
Stationary for communicable diseases surveillance
Participate in stakeholder epidemic preparedness and control coordination mechanisms (transport costs)
Output 1.4: Minimum initial maternal and neonatal health services provided to target population
Training of 30 volunteers on maternal and child health including immunization, deworming, Vitamin A supplement, child growth monitoring, and the use of dignity kits (2 days training)
Community mobilization sessions on maternal and child health (30 volunteers for 2days per week for 9 months)
Procure and distribute 500 dignity kits for pregnant women
Water, sanitation and hygiene
People targeted: 18,000
Requirements (CHF): 861,617
Proposed intervention: The sudden influx of refugees have overwhelmed the structures at entry points and transit, while the infrastructure in settlements are not ready to accommodate the increased number of refugees. The bottleneck at reception centres has forced people to wait for several days prior to transfer. The lack of access to safe water has obliged people to drink water directly from the nearby water source, contaminated by the lack of sanitation facilities. This operation aims at reducing the risk of waterborne and water related diseases by ensuring daily access to safe water, adequate sanitation as well as by carrying out hygiene promotion activities and hygiene-related goods distributions. It also aims at reducing the risk of waterborne and water related diseases in the recovery phase by setting up community managed water sources. The activities will assist the people in Kyangwali refugee settlement and those entering Uganda in transit through the Kanara in Ntoroko district.
.Outcome 1: Immediate reduction in risk of waterborne and water related diseases in targeted communities
Output 1.1: Continuous assessment of water, sanitation, and hygiene situation is carried out in targeted communities
Construction of 2 stance blocks of Emergency latrines at transit center
Construction of bathing shelters for the reception center
Cleaning materials (Liquid soap, hard brushes, brooms)
Rolls of plastic sheeting for construction of temporary structures (sanitary facilities, bath shelters, reg. shelters)
Hand washing facilities (60 litre capacity tanks and metallic stands)
Hydrated lime for decommissioning of communal latrines & waste management packaged in 25 kg bags
Local labour to support digging of latrine pits
Logs and poles/timber for construction of temporary structures
Plastic slabs with pit covers
Facilitation for 1 NDRT to support emergency sanitation activities
Facilitation for 6 sanitation volunteers for 3 months
Procurement and distribution of plastic basins for the refugees
Output 1.4: Hygiene promotion activities which meet Sphere standards in terms of the identification and use of hygiene items provided to target population
Activities planned: Kyangwali
Allowance for 20 hygiene volunteers (9 months)
Procurement of mega phones to support on community mobilisation and sensitisations with back up batteries and solar charging system
Design/Print IEC materials (toolkits, posters, leaflets on hygiene promotion)
Training for volunteers in Participatory Hygiene and Sanitation Transformation in Emergency Responses (PHASTER) and Epidemic Control for Volunteers (ECV) (4 days/52 participants)
Procurement and distribution of PHASTER tool kits
Procurement and distribution of ECV toolkits
Procurement of Oral Rehydration Point (ORP) kits
Procurement and distribution of hygiene and sanitation toolkits for schools (wheelbarrow, hoe, spade, pickaxe, bucket, nylon rope, liquid soap, laundry soap, hard brush, rake)
Facilitation for 1 NDRT to support Hygiene promotion activities
Mileage for 2 vehicles to support field operational activities
Hire of 1 omnibus for transporting volunteers to and from the field (6 months)
Production and distribution of IEC materials on hygiene promotion (posters, stickers, brochures)
Procurement of laundry bar soap of 1 kg packaged in boxes
Facilitation of 6 hygiene promotion volunteers for 3 months
Facilitation for 1 NDRT to support Hygiene promotion activities
Ntoroko - mileage for 1 vehicle for 3 months
Output 1.5: Hygiene-related household items which meet Sphere standards and training on how to use those goods is provided to the target population
Activities planned: Kyangwali
Conduct the needs assessment for hygiene NFIs, including soap, water storage, and menstrual hygiene for each community based on health risks and user preference in targeted communities in coordination with the WASH group or cluster.
Procure and distribute 18,000 litres of liquid soap for 3 months for communal sanitation facilities
Procure and distribute 3,000 Menstrual Hygiene Management (MHM) kit
Procure and distribute tippy tap materials (3 litres jerrycan and 12m rope) to promote household handwashing facilities
Procurement of 6,000 Long Lasting Insecticide Treated Mosquito Nets (LLINs) for 3,000 households
Distribution cost of 6,000 LLINs (transport and distribution)
Stationary for WASH activities
Outcome 2: Immediate reduction in risk of waterborne and water related diseases in targeted communities
Output 2.1: Community managed water sources giving access to safe water is provided to target population
Activities planned: Kyangwali:
Provide safe water to 3,000 households in targeted communities through well construction and/or rehabilitation
Train and equip technicians for maintenance of boreholes and piped water systems
Provide basic hand pumps maintenance toolkits
Support water quality analysis and surveillance at all levels
Formation and training of community management structures
Protection, Gender and Inclusion
People targeted: 18,000
Requirements (CHF): 46,940
Proposed intervention: Displacement of DRC refugees tends to affect men, women and children in different ways, as people with specific needs (PSN) such as persons with disabilities and elderly. The structure of families and households can be altered and gender roles changed. Often in conflict situations adult and adolescent males become separated from the family as they stay behind to secure family properties or in certain cases joining combats, becoming susceptible to go missing or be killed. Thus, the number of female-headed households increases placing a heavy burden on them as they become the sole supporters of their families. The urgency to escape also results in a significant number of unaccompanied minors or separated children in need of family reunifications services or family foster care.
Due to the sudden loss of family and communitarian structures, women, children, adolescents, and PSN face serious protection risks such as military recruitment, exploitation and neglect. Women and girls are particularly affected. Sexual and gender based violence (SGBV) is frequently present during conflict and continues into the emergency settings. Bereft of the protection provided by their homes and communities, women and adolescent girls are at greater risk of SGBV including physical and sexual attacks, rape, enforced prostitution and sale into marriage or slavery. In cases where the family unit remains intact, the stress of displacement often increases the incidence of domestic violence, including towards children, in addition to spousal abuse and martial rape. Consequently, large numbers of displaced children and women suffer from psychological and physical trauma and, together with PSN, need protection services to prevent the adoption of negative coping mechanisms for satisfying their basic needs.
This operation aims at identifying the needs of the most vulnerable and particularly disadvantaged and marginalised groups as well as addressing their distinct needs. To achieve this objective, the operation aims at improving equitable access to basic services (considering different needs) and at preventing and respond to sexual and gender-based violence and all forms of violence against children. The activities will assist the people in Kyangwali refugee settlement as well as people entering Uganda through Kanara in Ntoroko district while in transit.
Outcome 1: Communities identify the needs of the most vulnerable and particularly disadvantaged and marginalised groups, as a result of inequality, discrimination and other non-respect of their human rights and address their distinct needs
Output 1.1: National Society programmes improve equitable access to basic services, considering different needs based on gender and other diversity factors.
Allowance for 5 protection volunteers (for 9 months)
Reproduce Protection manuals for staff and volunteers
Stationary for Protection, Gender and Inclusion activities
Output 1.2: Emergency response operations prevent and respond to sexual- and gender-based violence and all forms of violence against children.
Hold 4 days training with staff and volunteers on Sexual and Gender Based Violence (SGBV) (2 days) and Child Protection (CP) (2 days)
Facilitate children/person with disabilities with walking and movement devices (wheel chairs, clutches, artificial limbs)
Identification through community dialogues of gathering places to be used as Child Friendly Space and/or Women and Girls Safe Space (GWSS) (3*3 areas in Kyangwali)
Upgrading gathering places to be used as CFS/WGSS
Equip gathering places to be used at CFS/WGSS
Make accessible information on referral pathways for any CP and SGBV concerns through establishment of information points at CFS/WGSS
P2P youth programme for conducting awareness sessions within the community (2 sessions for 3 areas in Kyangwali)
Facilitate P2P though communication, transportation, and provision of materials to conduct awareness sessions
Realize participatory evaluation sessions on P2P intervention (2 sessions for 3 areas in Kyangwali)
Procure bicycles for protection committees and P2P (10 for 3 areas in Kyangwali)
Procure visibility materials for P2P, protection committees
Strategies for Implementation (SFI) Requirements (CHF): 788,871
Output S2.1.3: National Society compliance with Principles and Rules for Humanitarian Assistance is improved
Allowance for 4 Community Engagement and Accountability (CEA) volunteers
CEA Regional Disaster Response Team (RDRT) members
Conduct training on CEA for volunteers and staff (field and headquarters)
Integrate CEA into sector trainings
Conduct assessment on community information needs and preferred communication channels
Establish mechanism for sharing information with communities (i.e. mobile radio, notice boards)
Establish feedback and complaint system
Stationary for CEA activities
Outcome SFI 3.2: The programmatic reach of the National Societies and the IFRC is expanded.
Output S 3.2.1: Resource generation and related accountability models are developed and improved
Ensure that the situation regarding the population movement crisis and the work of the National Society is well documented and shared with media channels to profile the RCRC appropriately;
Support the appeal and other major milestones throughout the operation using people-centred, community level compelling content, including web stories, blogs, video footage and photos with extended captions.
Maintain a social media presence throughout the operation utilizing IFRC platforms such as Facebook and Twitter
In collaboration with programmes, work on advocacy messages to address the different issues linked to the current situation
Conduct baseline and end line for all planned activities
Allowance for 1 monitoring and evaluation focal person volunteers (community-based) * 9 months
Training for staff and Volunteers for data collection and ODK
Internet for ODK Platform
Mobile phones kit (25 phones, pelican kit) for mobile monitoring and evaluation data collection
3 laptops for monitoring, evaluation, data management
Stationery for M&E
Outcome SFI 1.1: National Society capacity building and organizational development objectives are facilitated to ensure that National Societies have the necessary legal, ethical and financial foundations, systems and structures, competences and capacities to plan and perform
Output S 1.1.4: National Societies have effective and motivated volunteers who are protected
EPR Manager (30% Contribution)
Congolese Operations Manager (100% Contribution)
Finance Manager (100% Contribution)
PSS Officer (100% Contribution)
2 WASH Officers (100% Contribution)
Public Health Officer (100% Contribution)
PMER/CEA Officer (100% Contribution)
Field Logistics Officer (100% Contribution)
5 Drivers (100 % Contribution)
Establishment of URCS base camp in Kyangwali (preparation of ground, tents, mattresses, blankets, solar lamps, kitchen set)
All volunteers - Procurement and distribution of protective gears (PPE) - (gum boots, heavy duty gloves, face masks, rain jackets, umbrellas, hand gel, reflector jackets, water bottle, cap)
All volunteers - Procurement and distribution of visibility materials
Insurance for volunteers
HQ Office/Station running costs support (est. based on 6 staff)
Communication, Information & Public Relations, Publications and Media Relations
HQ Monitoring Mileage Cost (fuel, service & maintenance)
HQ Field Monitoring Staff Per diems and allowances (2 pers. * 5 days/month * 9 months)
Operational Transactions Bank charges
EPoA and Projects Review Workshops (2 Workshops HQ & Field)
Procurement and distribution of project office equipment
Outcome SFI 2.01: Effective and coordinated international disaster response is ensured
IFRC Operations Manager (9 months)
IFRC Finance delegate (shared)
Logistic delegate (3 months)
PMER cluster support (1 month)
Emergency operations officer (cluster support)
See IFRC Secretariat budget for details.
Elhadj As Sy
For further information, specifically related to this operation please contact: In the IFRC East Africa and Indian Ocean Islands Country Cluster Team
Lisa Zitman, Disaster Management Delegate
+254 733 203 004
In the IFRC Regional Office for Africa
Lancelot Mermet, Disaster Management Delegate
+254 780 930 278
In IFRC Geneva
Tiffany Loh, Operations Coordinator, Response and Recovery
For IFRC Resource Mobilization and Pledges support:
Kentaro Nagazumi, Head of Partnership and Resources Development, IFRC Nairobi
+254 202 835 155
For In-Kind donations and Mobilization table support:
Rishi Ramrakha, Head of Africa Regional Logistics
+254 733 888 022
For Performance and Accountability support (planning, monitoring, evaluation and reporting enquiries)
Fiona Gatere, PMER Coordinator at the IFRC Nairobi Office
+254 780 771 139
How we work
All IFRC assistance seeks to adhere to the Code of Conduct for the International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement and Non-Governmental Organizations (NGO’s) in Disaster Relief and the Humanitarian Charter and Minimum Standards in Humanitarian Response (Sphere) in delivering assistance to the most vulnerable. The IFRC’s vision is to inspire, encourage, facilitate and promote at all times all forms of humanitarian activities by National Societies, with a view to preventing and alleviating human suffering, and thereby contributing to the maintenance and promotion of human dignity and peace in the world.