Eu highly dependent on imports of important raw materials (metals and industrial minerals) which are increasingly affected by market distortions



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EU highly dependent on imports of important raw materials (metals and industrial minerals) which are increasingly affected by market distortions

  • EU highly dependent on imports of important raw materials (metals and industrial minerals) which are increasingly affected by market distortions

  • Still potential in Europe (self-sufficient supply for construction materials, potential for other raw materials), but exploration and extraction face ongoing increasing competition for different land uses and a highly regulated environment



Integrated strategy

  • Integrated strategy

  • based on three pillars



Challenging unjustified trade distortive measures

  • Challenging unjustified trade distortive measures

  • Bilateral negotiations on export restrictions

  • Raising awareness

    • Trade Annual Activity Report 2009


agreement African Union Commission / European Commission in Addis Ababa, June 2010, to launch a bilateral co-operation in three areas:

  • agreement African Union Commission / European Commission in Addis Ababa, June 2010, to launch a bilateral co-operation in three areas:

    • Governance
    • Infrastructure / investment
    • Geological knowledge / skills
  • Based on African Mining Vision

  • and EU Raw Materials Initiative



Promote the exchange of best practice in land use planning and administrative conditions for exploration and extraction

  • Promote the exchange of best practice in land use planning and administrative conditions for exploration and extraction

  • Encourage better networking between national geological surveys to increase the EU's knowledge base

  • Develop guidelines the compatibility between Natura 2000 and extractive activities



Under FP7 new funding opportunities have recently been created for projects on:

  • Under FP7 new funding opportunities have recently been created for projects on:

    • Advanced underground technologies for intelligent mining
    • Substitution of critical raw materials
    • Coordination of activities in Member States in the area of the industrial handling of raw material


Huge potential of EU’s Urban Mines

  • Huge potential of EU’s Urban Mines

  • Tackle illegal shipment of waste to third countries through a more harmonised enforcement of Waste Shipment Regulation

  • Develop best practices in the area of collection and treatment of key waste streams

  • Develop eco-design measures aimed at fostering more efficient use of raw materials in products



The Commission plans to publish a Roadmap on how to move towards a resource efficient Europe by summer 2011.

  • The Commission plans to publish a Roadmap on how to move towards a resource efficient Europe by summer 2011.

  • The roadmap will set out specific resource efficiency objectives, and how to meet them, based on actions up to 2020 with a time perspective of up to 2050.





41 raw materials analysed

  • 41 raw materials analysed

  • Time horizon: 10 years

  • A pragmatic approach

  • Three main aggregated indicators

    • economic importance
    • supply risks
    • environmental country risks


Aluminum Antimony Barytes Bauxite

  • Aluminum Antimony Barytes Bauxite

  • Bentonite Beryllium Borates Chromium

  • Clays (incl. kaolin) Cobalt Copper Diatomite

  • Feldspar Fluorspar Gallium Germanium

  • Graphite Gypsum Indium Iron ore

  • Limestone Lithium Magnesite Magnesium

  • Manganese Molybdenum Nickel Niobium Perlite Platinum Group Metals (PGMs)

  • Rare earths (REE) Rhenium Silica sand

  • Silver Talc Tantalum

  • Tellurium Titanium

  • Tungsten Vanadium

  • Zinc



Importance for economic value chain and emerging (key) technologies

  • Importance for economic value chain and emerging (key) technologies

    • Renewable energy: solar cells, wind turbines
    • Energy efficiency: hybrid and electric cars, LED lighting, batteries
    • Electronics: flat screens, mobile phones
    • Aerospace: light weight alloys






High supply risks

  • High supply risks

  • High share of the worldwide production

    • China (antimony, fluorspar, gallium, germanium, graphite, indium, magnesium, REE, tungsten)
    • Russia (PGM)
    • Congo (cobalt, tantalum)
    • Brazil (niobium, tantalum)
  • Low substitutability

    • REE, PGM
  • Low recycling rates

    • When used in very low concentrations








Graphite

  • Graphite



Two types of recommendations

  • Two types of recommendations

  • follow-up and further support

  • policy-oriented recommendations (areas where measures should be undertaken)



Up-date the list every 5 years and enlarge the scope

  • Up-date the list every 5 years and enlarge the scope

  • Improve the availability and quality of statistical information and prepare a Yearbook

  • Carry out further studies, e.g. competition to land use, « cradle-to-grave » LCAs, emerging technologies

  • Establish a sub-group of the Raw Material Supply Group on criticality



Access to primary resources

  • Access to primary resources

    • Land use and permitting in the EU
    • Company exploration as research (fiscal issues)
    • Promote RTD
    • Promote good governance in developing countries
  • Trade and investment

    • Maintain and strengthen the EU trade policy, pursue dispute settlement in WTO, engage in consultations
    • Raise awareness in multilateral fora
    • A new EU-wide policy on foreign investment
    • Coherence of EU policies with respect to raw materials


Recycling

  • Recycling

    • Improve collection
    • Prevent illegal exports of End-of-Life products
    • Promote research
  • Substitution

    • Promote research
  • Material Efficiency

    • Minimise the raw material used
    • Minimise raw material losses


Integrated strategy

  • Integrated strategy

  • based on three pillars
















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