Faà di Bruno, Giovanni Matteo [Horatio, Orazio] 83



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Fiorillo, Ignazio


(b Naples, 11 May 1715; d Fritzlar, Hesse, June 1787). Italian composer, father of Federigo Fiorillo. He studied with Durante and Leo at the Conservatorio di S Maria di Loreto in Naples. His début as an opera composer took place in Venice with Mandane (1736), and for the next few years he was active in northern Italy, producing at least seven operas in Venice, Milan and Padua. In 1745 he joined a travelling company; with it he toured central and northern Europe for the next four years. Three intermezzos by him were produced in Prague in 1748. The following year he left the company in Brunswick, where his opera L’olimpiade was successfully produced. It was followed in 1750 by Demofoonte, and in 1754 Fiorillo was appointed court conductor there. In the next eight years he wrote at least six Italian operas for Brunswick, all to librettos by Metastasio, as well as some church music. In 1762 he took up a similar position at the Hessian court in Kassel. He produced only four new operas there but continued to compose occasional church works, of which his Requiem was especially admired (see Apell). In 1780 he was pensioned and retired to Fritzlar.

Of Fiorillo’s 18 or more operas and intermezzos fewer than a third have survived; much of his church music, including the Requiem, has also disappeared. His style was said to be in imitation of Hasse.


WORKS


lost unless otherwise stated

stage

all opere serie unless otherwise stated


L’egeste (melodramma), Trieste, 1733; Mandane (B. Vitture), Venice, 1736;Partenope nell’Adria (serenata, B. Biancardi), Venice, 1738; Artamene (N. Stampa), Milan, 1739; Il vincitor di se stesso (A. Zaniboni), Venice, S Angelo, aut. 1741, aria I-Mc; Volgeso (A. Zeno), Padua, 1742, D-Dl, Wa; Angelica (P. Metastasio), Venice, 1744, W; L’olimpiade (Metastasio), Venice, 1745, W; L’amante ingannatore (int), Prague, 1748;Li birbi (int, A. Zanetti), Prague, 1748; Il finto pazzo (int), Prague, 1748; Vecchio passo in amore (int), Hamburg, Nicolini, 1748; Astige, re di Medi (dramma per musica, Apolloni), Brunswick, wint. 1749; Demofoonte (Metastasio), Brunswick, 1750, only lib extant; Didone abbandonata (Metastasio), Brunswick, 1751, Wa; Didone abbandonata (Metastasio), Brunswick, 1751, Wa; Didone abbandonata (Metastasio), Brunswick, 1751, Wa; Siface (Metastasio), Brunswick, 1752, Wa; Demetrio (Metastasio), Brunswick, 1753, Wa, aria I-PLa; Ciro riconosciuto (Metastasio), ?Brunswick, 1753, D-Wa; Endimione, ?Brunswick, 1754, rev. as Diana ed Endimione, 1763, pt 1, Kl, Wa; Nitteti (Metastasio), Kassel, ?Brunswick, 1758, rev. 1771, Wa; Ipermestra (Metastasio), Brunswick, 1759;Artaserse (Metastasio), ?1750s, Brunswick, rev. Kassel, 1765, pts 2, 3, Kl; Andromeda (V.A. Cigna-Santi), Kassel, 1771; Pantomimes, all perf. Brunswick, cited in GerberL: Arlequin Cupido, Arlequin esclave, La naisance d’arlequin;Incidental music to Nicolini’s ballets, cited in GerberL

sacred

all lost works mentioned in Apell


Isacco (orat, Metastasio)

Requiem; several masses; 1 Ky, 1 Gl, Kl; 3 TeD, 1 in Kl; 2 Miserere, frag. in Bsb; 2 Mag, 1 in Kl; Libera; revisions to Jommelli’s Requiem, Bsb; psalms; motets

other works


[6] Sonate, hpd (Brunswick, 1750)

2 syms., cited in EitnerQ; sinfonia, D, KA; 2 ov., B-Bc

Arias: D-ROu, W, SWl; B-Bc; I-Mc, Nc

BIBLIOGRAPHY


EitnerQ

GerberL

SartoriL

SchmidlD

D. von Apell: Galerie der vorzüglischsten Tonkünstler … in Cassel (Kassel, 1806)

CHAPPELL WHITE (work-list with MARITA P. McCLYMONDS, DON NEVILLE)


Fiorini [Fiorino], Ippolito


(b Ferrara, c1549; d Ferrara, 1621). Italian composer and lutenist. Court payment records (in I-MOs) show that he was maestro di cappella at the Este court at Ferrara between the death of Francesco della Viola in March 1568 and the dissolution of the ducal chapel when Ferrara passed into papal control in 1597. From the surviving documentation it is clear that this was an administrative post as much as a musical one. Nevertheless, Fiorini was clearly actively involved not only with the chapel but also with the performances of the renowned concerto di donne. He was also in charge of the music at the Accademia della Morte, Ferrara, between 1594 and 1597. Libanori is traditionally regarded as being incorrect in suggesting that he was maestro di cappella at Ferrara Cathedral, and Eitner’s claim that he was employed at the Gonzaga court at Mantua can only come from a misinterpretation of a payment document relating to the Este cappella but kept with the Gonzaga papers (in I-MAa). Several letters from him are extant (in I-Fas, MAa and MOs); all are from Ferrara and date from between 1588 and 1615. One six-part and five five-part madrigals by him survive in anthologies (RISM 15825, 158310, 158610, 158817, 15919 and 159214), and he is also known to have composed a balletto, to words by Guarini, for performance by the famous court balletto di donne.

BIBLIOGRAPHY


BertolottiM

EitnerQ

NewcombMF

E. Bottrigari: Il desiderio (Venice, 1594, 2/1599/R; Eng. trans., MSD, ix, 1962)

A. Superbi: Apparato degli huomini illustri della città di Ferrara (Ferrara, 1620)

M.A. Guarini: Compendio historico dell’origine … delle chiese di Ferrara (Ferrara, 1621)

A. Libanori: Ferrara d’oro imbrunito (Ferrara, 1665–74)

R. Gandolfi: ‘Lettere inedite scritte ad musicisti e letterati appartenenti alla seconda metàdal secolo xvi’, RMI, xx (1913), 527–54

A. Cavicchi and R. Nielsen: Introduction to Lodovico Agostini: Canzoni alla napolitana, MMI, 2nd ser., i (1963), 13

A. Cavicchi: Introduction to Luzzasco Luzzaschi: Madrigali per cantare e sonare, MMI, 2nd ser., ii (1965)

M. Giuliani, ed.: Musicista ferrarese (1542–1615) (Trent, 1996) [incl. edn of 5 madrigals]

IAIN FENLON




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