(bAmsterdam, 30 Oct 1914). Dutch composer and musicologist. After studying musicology with A. Smijers and K.P. Bernet Kempers at Amsterdam University he was assistant to the artistic director of the Concertgebouw Orchestra (1937–42). During the later years of the war he was interned in concentration camps. After the war he worked as a librarian and music critic before returning to the Concertgebouw in 1953; two years later he was appointed artistic director. In 1974 he left this post to become professor of musicology at Utrecht University until his retirement in 1982. From 1980 to 1994 he was president of the Zentralinstitut für Mozartforschung in Salzburg. Although Flothuis had no instruction in composition, in 1922 he wrote a cadenza for Haydn’s keyboard concerto in D, and this was followed by several piano pieces and an incidental score for Sophocles’ Philoktetes; all the music composed before 1934 has been withdrawn. Important works of the 1940s and 1950s include the Horn Concerto (1945), the charming Four Trifles (1948) the Sonata da Camera for flute and harp (1951) and the lyrical String Quartet no.1 (1952), winner of the Professor van der Leeuw Prize. Symfonische muziek (1957) is a brilliant score somewhat in the vein of César Franck. The first three movements are cyclical, with a single motif linking a vivid scherzo-like Allegro, a funeral march and a tempestuous Allegro agitato, while the finale is a passacaglia built on a related theme. In the symphonic song Hymnus, awarded the Johan Wagenaar Prize, Flothuis presents an accurate musical realisation of the hope and despair permeating Ingeborg Bachmann’s poem An die Sonne. Flothuis’s music is in general lyrical and intimate, tonal and extensively contrapuntal.
Concertino, small orch, 1940; Conc., fl, small orch, 1944; Conc., hn, small orch, 1945; Dramatische ouverture, 1946; Conc., pf, small orch, 1948; Capriccio, str, 1949; Capriccio, wind, 1949; Conc., vn, small orch, 1950; Fantasia, hp, small orch, 1953; Sinfonietta concertante, cl, a sax, small orch, 1955; Concert ouverture, 1955; Rondo festoso, 1956; Praeludium after Sweelinck, 1956; Cl Conc., 1957; Symfonische muziek, 1957; Spes patriae, small orch, 1962; Espressioni cordiali, str, 1963; Canti e giuochi, wind qnt, str, 1964; Per sonare ed ascoltare, fl, orch, 1971; Nocturne, 1977; Cantus amoris, str, 1979; Poème, hp, chbr orch, 1993
Cadenzas for Mozart’s concertos for piano and for flute and harp
Choral: Bicinia, female vv, 1944; Cant. silesiana, female vv, fl, str qt, hpd, 1946; Tricinia, male vv, 1947; Het lied van’t degelijks brood (B. Schönlank), 1949; Marschlied (J. Slauerhoff), 1949; 4 antieke fragmenten, 1951; Lente (Flothuis), male vv, 1952; 2 liederen (B. Aafjes), 1953; Sonnet (J. Campert), 1952; Round, 8vv, 1953; Seizoenen (Aafjes, L.P. Braat, H. Michaelis, H. Lodiesen, A. Moriën), male vv, fl, 1960; Celdroom (radio score, H.M. van Randwijk), nar, chorus, orch, 1964; Music for USC, 1980; Herinnering [Remembrance] (Aafjes, C. Eggink), 1985
Solo with ens: 4 liederen (C. Morgenstern), S, orch, 1938; Sonnet (Toller), Mez, orch, 1940; Kleine ouverture (Morgenstern), S, orch, 1942; Love and Strife (K. Raine), A, fl, ob d’amore, va, vc, 1949; To an Old Love (E. Marsh), Mez, orch, 1948; Een Amsterdams lied (Campert), S, Bar, fl, cl, str qt, db, pf, 1951; Negro Lament (L. Hughes), A, a sax, pf, 1953; Odysseus en Nausikaa, S, A, T, B, hp, 1960; Hymnus (I. Bachmann), S, orch, 1965; 4 miniatures rumantschas, 1v, fl, 1966; Fantasia quasi una cantata, Mez, 11 str, hpd, 1968; 2 liederen, Mez, fl, ob d’amore, cl, bn, hn, db, 1969; Vrijheid [Freedom], Mez, 2 spkr, fl, str, 1983; Santa Espina (L. Aragon), Mez, orch, 1986
Songs: Morgenstern-liederen, 1v, pf, 1938; 2 sonetten (Revius, Campert), Mez/Bar, pf, 1940, orchd 1945; Vorfrühling (Morgenstern, H. von Hoffmansthal, R.M. Rilke), Mez, pf, 1943; Rondel (G. Trakl), S, pf, 1943; Lied (J.H. Leopold), 1v, pf, 1943; 4 Trifles (S. Townsend Warner), S/T/A/B, pf, 1948, S/T version orchd 1950; Kleine suite, S, pf, 1953; November (G. Eich, J. Brobowski, P. Huchel), Mez, pf, 1988