English family of musicians. Among the descendants of John Fawcett of Tadcaster (c1770–1855) at least 36 professional musicians have been traced; though none rose to eminence, one, Verdi Fawcett (b 1869), impressed Sir Thomas Beecham greatly as a violinist and helped him in 1907 to found a new touring orchestra. The family developed the colourful habit of naming its sons after famous musicians: besides Verdi there have been Haydn, Schubert, Weber, Rossini and Elgar Fawcett. Many members are still active in the musical profession. The Fawcetts mentioned below were not members of this immediate family, but it is likely that they were more distantly connected with it. Another John Fawcett (1768–1837), a comedian, was related to Edward Loder (seeLoder, (2)).
(1) John Fawcett (i)
(2) John Fawcett (ii)
(3) Joshua Fawcett
(1) John Fawcett (i)
(b Wennington, Lancs., 8 Dec 1789; d Bolton, 26 Oct 1867). Composer. He was a shoemaker, like his father, but he gained an early reputation as a psalmodist. He was entirely self-taught. He was choirmaster at St George's [Anglican] Chapel, Kendal, 1806–c1817, then director of the choir and band at the Wesleyan Sunday School, Farnworth, Lancs. In 1825 he moved to Bolton, but returned to Farnworth to assist his son John (ii) in about 1835. He published four sets of hymns and anthems (c1811–19); two oratorios: The Promised Land (London, n.d.) and Paradise (London, 1853); and some orchestral pieces for local philharmonic societies. His large-scale works are apt to be overambitious, but his small-scale music is melodious and attractively high-spirited. He was an accomplished performer on the piano, organ and clarinet.
(2) John Fawcett (ii)
(bap. Ringley, Lancs, 17 Oct 1824; d Manchester, 1 July 1857). Organist and composer, son of (1) John Fawcett (i). He was organist of St John's, Farnworth, Lancashire, from 1835 to 1842, and later of Bolton parish church. He entered the RAM in 1845 to study under Sterndale Bennett, and gained the degree of BMus (Oxford) in 1852. His degree exercise, the cantata Supplication and Thanksgiving, was published in 1856. He also published a few songs and piano pieces.
(3) Joshua Fawcett
(bap. Bradford, 16 May 1807; dLow Moor, Yorks., 21 Dec 1864). Writer. He was the son of Richard Fawcett (b 1778), a Bradford worsted manufacturer. He studied at Trinity College, Cambridge, was ordained in 1830, and in 1833 became perpetual curate of Holy Trinity, Wibsey. Later he was domestic chaplain to Lord Dunsany and from 1860 a canon of Ripon. He wrote on church architecture and related subjects, and in 1844 he published, at Bradford, Lyra ecclesiastica, a collection of church music ‘by eminent living composers’. It was dedicated to Queen Adelaide, with a preface by W.H. Havergal, and was influential in bringing music of the cathedral type to Yorkshire churches.
G.H.Wright: The Fawcetts of Horsforth and Eccleshill (Cambridge, 1974)
(flc1480). English composer. A Richard Fawkyner was a Conduct at King's College, Cambridge, from 1482 to 1484, having previously been admitted a Questionist on 23 April 1478 and Inceptor in Arts in 1482 (see A.B. Emden: A Biographical Register of the University of Cambridge to 1500, Cambridge, 1963, p.221). He may be the ‘Fawkyner’ to whom three works are attributed in the Eton Choirbook (GB-WRec 178). Only two of these compositions survive, both for five voices: Gaude virgo salutata, whose tenor is the fifth antiphon at Lauds on the feast of St Martin (Martinus Abrahae sinu), and Gaude rosa sine spina (ed. in MB, xi, 1958, nos.31 and 32). A third work, the lost six-voice Salve regina vas mundicie, was an early addition to the choirbook and is recorded in the later of its two contemporary indexes.
Faxolis, Florentius de.
SeeFlorentius de Faxolis.
Fay, Amy [Amelia] (Muller)
(b Bayou Goula, LA, 21 May 1844; dWatertown, MA, 28 Feb 1928). American pianist and writer on music. She studied in Berlin with Carl Tausig and Theodor Kullak, and was a pupil of Liszt in Weimar. Following her return to the USA in 1875, she settled in Boston, where she earned a reputation as a major concert pianist. In 1878 she moved to Chicago and there achieved national recognition as a lecturer, music critic and teacher; one of her pupils was John Alden Carpenter. In her public appearances, Fay supplemented her playing with brief discussions of the works on the programme. She founded the Artists’ Concert Club and engaged vigorously in the activities of the Amateur Music Club, an organization for women only. She was joined and supported in her commitment to Chicago’s musical life by her sister Rose, the second wife of the conductor Theodore Thomas, and by her brother, Charles Norman, one of the founders of the Chicago SO.
In New York, Fay served from 1903 to 1914 as president of the New York Women’s Philharmonic Society, an organization that promoted effort and achievement by women in the performance, composition, theory and history of music. Her book Music Study in Germany (Chicago, 1880, 2/1896/R1979 with new introduction and index) was also published in England and France, and remains an important source on Liszt. She also contributed articles to the musical press concerning the role and proper recognition of women in the world of music, and published a collection of finger exercises (1889).
Among Fay’s friends were the pianists Paderewski and Fannie Bloomfield Zeisler, the poet Longfellow, and the composer John Knowles Paine. As a performer and teacher Fay helped to widen opportunities for women in the field of music.
A. Fay: Unpublished letters, 1878–1913 (Cambridge, MA, Radcliffe College, Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America)
W.S.B. Mathews: A Hundred Years of Music in America (Chicago, 1889/R)
G.P. Upton: ‘Music in Chicago’, New England Magazine (Chicago, 1892)
M.W. McCarthy: ‘Amy Fay: the American Years’, American Music, iii/1 (1985), 52–62
M.W. McCarthy, ed.: More Letters of Amy Fay: the American Years, 1879–1916 (Detroit, 1986)