Feeder Calf Grades: Do Better Grades Really Pay? David Gonsoulin
Feeder Calf Grades: Do Better Grades Really Pay?
What is a Number 1 Calf?
Do not know how to describe it
, but when I see one, I know it.
It has to be a good doing calf.
It has to be a black hided,
, big boned, straight backed type animal.
It has to be Medium to Large Frame with thick muscle.
If it fits the order, it will do.
Is this a Number 1?
Is this a Number 1?
Are these 1 ½?
Do I Get Paid For What I Have?
Current Feeder Cattle Grades 1979 -2006
Refers to the animals skeletal size –
Height and body length—in relation to its age.
Thus frame size evaluations are related to differences in mature size.
Refers to weight (under normal feeding and management conditions) an animal will produce a carcass which will grade Choice.
Evaluating Frame Size
What are the Frame Sizes?
Large Frame cattle are thrifty
, tall and long bodied for their age.
Steers grade Choice at weights greater than 1250 lbs.
Heifers greater than 1150 lbs
Medium Frame cattle are thrifty, are slightly tall and have slightly long bodies.
Steers grade Choice between 1100 lbs and 1250 lbs.
Heifers grade Choice between 1000 lbs and 1150 lbs
Small Frame cattle are thrifty, and not as
tall or long bodied
as the Medium Frame animal
Steers grade Choice below 1100 lbs.
Heifers grade Choice below 1000 lbs
Frame Steers Heifers
Large 1250 lbs 1150 Lbs
Medium 1100 lbs 1000 lbs
Small under 1100 lbs 1000 lbs
What do buyers pay for? Summary of Sale Barns
Thickness refers to the development of the muscle system in relation to skeletal size.
Thicker feeder cattle will have a higher ratio of muscle to bone when fed to the same degree of fatness and will have higher yield grades.
# 1 Muscle
Possible Feeder Cattle Grades
Large Frame #1,#2,#3 or #4
Medium Frame #1,#2,#3 or #4
Small Frame #1,#2,#3 or #4
Inferior – This grade will include sick unthrifty cattle and double muscled cattle due to their inability to Quality grade.
Prices for Muscle
Value Determining Factors
Does Color Make A Difference? Arkansas Extension 2005
Throw It All Together
You have a Small Frame, Number 3 Muscle, Full, Red Calf with Horns.
Small (-16.55) Number 3 (-21.08), Full
(-8.05), Red Calf (-4.18) with Horns (-3.23)
USDA, Livestock &
Grain Market News
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