For everything that we do in our lives, we need advice of the experts in that field. Similarly, in the matter of Islamic laws, we must obey the rulings of the experts of that law. These experts are called MUJTAHIDS; and the act of obeying these rules is called TAQLID.
Every Baligh male and female has to follow (WAJIB) rules regarding Furu-e-Din. You cannot do Taqlid of someone on the aspects of Usul-e-Din and follow him because this must come from your heart e.g. believing in One God. The one who follows the orders of the Mujtahid is called a MUQALLID.
We are doing the Taqlid of: Ayatullah Syed Ali al-Hussaini as- Seestani
Upon becoming Baligh, you must make a Niyyat (intention) that you will act or follow him in accordance with his verdicts (Fatwa). The rules of our present Mujtahid can be found in a book called Islamic Laws.
A girl becomes Balighah upon completion of her ninth lunar year (according to Islamic Calendar).
A boy becomes Balighah upon appearance of certain physical signs or upon completion of his fifteenth lunar year (according to Islamic Calendar).
Explain the following terminologies.
hen does boys & girls become Baligh?
FIQH CLASS 5 - LESSON 2
THE WAJIB ACTS OF SALAAT
Out of the many different parts of Salaat, there are 11 Wajib actions, which must be performed for it to be correct.
Intention to perform a particular Salaat, "Qurbatan ilallah".
The first "Allahu Akbar" in Salaat.
Standing position for recitation.
Recitations of Suratul Hamd and another Surah
Prostration with forehead, knees, palms and big toes touching the ground.
Recitations during Ruku and Sajdah
Recitation while sitting down after the two Sajdahs in the 2nd and last Rakaats of Salaat.
Recitation of salutation in Salaat before finishing Namaaz
Praying in the set Sequence (order)
Praying without any interruption or gap.
Wajib Acts of Salaat = 2 categories
Rukn = those parts of the Salaat, which are its foundation. If any of these Wajib parts are left out or added, on purpose or by mistake, the Salaat becomes Batil.
Ghayr Rukn = those parts of the Salaat which are not considered as its foundation BUT ARE STILL WAJIB. If any of these actions are left out or added on purpose the Salaat becomes Batil. But they do not make the Salaat Batil if they are left out or added by mistake.
The table below shows which actions of Salaat are Rukn and which are Ghayr Rukn:
**QIYAM – This includes QIYAM MUTASIL BEFORE RUKU, which is a short pause while you stand silently before you go into Ruku (you can say Allahu Akbar). WITHOUT THIS PAUSE SALAAT BECOMES BATIL.
What are the Wajib actions of Salaat?
What is the meaning of Rukn & Ghayr Rukn? Give Examples.
FIQH CLASS 5 - LESSON 3
NIYYAT = intention to do something.
Niyyat is important because Islam does not want us to pray just out of habit. It wants us to be aware of what we do - before we start our prayer we must know what we are about to do.
A person is said to have Niyyat if he/she can answer two questions at any time: ‘What are you doing?’ (I am praying) and
‘Why are you doing?’ (Because it is Allah’s order i.e. Qubatun ilallah)
The Niyyat of Salaat must be made with the idea that you are performing the Salaat in Obedience to the Command of Allah, or to seek the pleasure of Allah - Qurbatun ilallah.
This intention should not be mixed with any other purpose; otherwise your Salaat will become Batil.
Two things are very important in Niyyat
The intention must be sincerely for pleasing Allah Qurbatun ilallah.
The Salaat that you intend to perform must be specified.
Other things that you can say in the Niyyat are the number of Rakaats in the Salaat and whether it is a Wajib or Mustahab Salaat.
hat do you mean by Niyyat?
What are the two important things in Niyyat?
FIQH CLASS 5 - LESSON 4
The 2nd Wajib act of Salaat is Takbiratul Ihram. It is made from two words: Takbir and Ihram.
TAKBIR = Praise of Allah = "Allahu Akbar" = Allah is the Greatest"
IHRAM = an act which makes certain things Haraam.
Takbiratul Ihram Must
Be said in its proper form, i.e. Allahu Akbar.
Be in Arabic.
Be said while standing (unless you are not able to stand).
Be said when the body of the person is completely still.
Be with Muwalat – i.e. There should be no unusual gap of time between the sayings of the two words.
Not be joined with anything before or after it. e.g. you shouldn’t “Allahu Akbar, bismillahir.." in one breath. Rather, you should say Allahu Akbar alone.
It Is Mustahab
For men to recite the Takbir in a loud voice
To say the Takbir with your hands raised to your ears, with the fingers closed together and your palms facing Qiblah.
What is the meaning of Takbir & Ihram?
What are the important rules of Takbiratul Ihram?
What things are Mustahab in Takbiratul Ihram?
FIQH CLASS 5 - LESSON 5
QIYAM = standing.
RUKN – QIYAM MUTTASIL BEFORE RUKU
QIYAM DURING TAKBIRATUL IHRAM
QIYAM = 2 KINDS
GHAYR RUKN – QIYAM DURING QIRAAT AND
This Qiyam is when you are standing while saying Takbiratul Ihram and Qiyam Mutasil before Ruku’ which is the short standing pause before going into Ruku.
Ghayr Rukni Qiyam
This Qiyam is when you are reciting the 2 Surahs in the 1st and 2nd Rakaat, and also while reciting the Tasbihat-e-Arba' in the 3rd and 4th Rakaat.
Wajib Actions During the Qiyam
You should stand straight, facing the Qiblah.
You should not lean on anything while standing.
You should stand on your whole feet, not on your heels or toes.
Your body should stay still during the recitation. A slight movement of the hand and fingers does not affect the Salaat.
If you moved unintentionally (e.g., because someone pushed you), then it is better to repeat whatever you recited during the movement.
Muwalat should be observed during the recitation - that is, there should be a flow or continuity in reciting the words of a Surah or the Tasbihate Arba'.
How the Tasbihate Arba' got its name? Explain.
Explain the rules of Qira’at.
FIQH CLASS 5 - LESSON 8
QUNOOT = humble praying to Allah
The act of raising our hands to pray to Allah.
Mustahab in all the prayers, whether Wajib or Mustahab,
Done before Ruku of the 2nd Rakaat.
While reciting Qunoot, it is Mustahab to:
Keep your hands in front of your face
Turn the palms towards the sky
Keep the hands and the fingers close together AND
Look at the palms during Qunoot
There is no special recitation for Qunoot, even saying "Subhanallah" once is enough. It is, however, recommended to recite:
You may also recite this dua in Qunoot:
Rabbana A’tina Fid-dunya Hasanatan Wa Fil Akhirati Hasanatan Waqina Azabannar. It is also Mustahab that Qunoot is recited loudly, except when a person is praying in Jamaat, then, if by reciting loudly the Imam will be able to hear him, then it should be recited silently.
If a person misses out Qunoot intentionally there is no Qadha for it.
What is the meaning of Qunoot?
What things are Mustahab in Qunoot?
FIQH CLASS 5 - LESSON 9
Basic Position of Ruku
Mustahab to recite Takbir before going into Ruku
Push knees back
Keep back flat
Keep neck in line with back
Look between his two feet
Recite Salawat before or after Dhikr
Mustahab while performing Ruku to:
Keep hands higher than her knees AND
Should not push her knees back.
The Dhikr of Ruku:
Must be in Arabic.
Should be uttered in succession.
Each word should be pronounced correctly.
The order to follow when going into and out of Ruku:
To stand up straight and still before going into Ruku,
While reciting the Dhikr of Ruku you should be still. You should not start the Dhikr until you have reached the required position and are not moving.
To stand up straight and still after the Ruku and before going to the Sajdah.
FIQH CLASS 5 - LESSON 10
Moving in Ruku:
If you want to move in Ruku (like if you want to scratch your head) then you must stop recitation, scratch your head and then continue with the recitation.
If the movement is negligible or if you just move your fingers then you can continue with your recitation.
If you intentionally begin reciting the Dhikr in Ruku before you have properly bowed down for Ruku and before your body becomes steady, your Salaat will be BATIL.
Substitutes For Ruku
If a person cannot bow down for Ruku properly, then s/he should lean on something, and perform Ruku.
If a person cannot even perform Ruku by leaning, then s/he should bow down to the maximum extent s/he can, so that it can be called a Ruku.
If a person cannot bend at all, then s/he should make a sign for Ruku with the head.
If a person cannot even make a sign with the head. then s/he should close the eyes with the Niyyat of Ruku, and recite the Dhikr and then open the eyes, to show s/he is rising from Ruku
If a person cannot even use the eyes, then s/he should make a Niyyat for Ruku in the mind, make the sign for Ruku with the hands and recite the Dhikr
If a person cannot perform Ruku while standing but can bend for Ruku while sitting, then s/he should, offer Salaat while standing and just make a sign for Ruku with the head.
What are the basic positions of Ruku for men & women?
What are the important rules regarding Ruku?
What are the substitutes of Ruku? Explain.
FIQH CLASS 5 - LESSON 11 & 12
OVERVIEW OF SALAAT (NAMAAZ)
Salaat (prayer) is Wajib on a Muslim five times a day. The Salaat is wajib on those who have become ‘BALIGH’. Boys become ‘Baligh’, at the latest, by the age of 15 and girls become ‘Baligh’ at the age of 9.
Salaat is one of the main pillars of Islam. It is the first and foremost duty of every Muslim. In the Holy Qur’an Allah has mentioned it again and again in more than 80 places. Allah has given more importance to Salaat than any other act of worship. Salaat keeps us away from evil things and helps us live a clean and pure life. How many kinds of Salaat are there? The following Prayers are Wajib 1. The five daily Prayers
FAJR 2 RAKAATS
ZUHR 4 RAKAATS
ASR 4 RAKAATS
MAGHRIB 3 RAKAATS
ISHA 4 RAKAATS
TOTAL 17 RAKAATS WAJIB EVERYDAY
2. The Prayer of Aayat - Prayer recited when an eclipse takes place or an earthquake or any other event which causes fear in people.
3. The Prayer of Mayyit - Prayer recited before a dead body before it is buried.
4. The Prayer after completing Wajib Tawaf of Kaaba
What is wajib in Salaat?
As you already know, Salaat is made up of different parts. In this section, you will come to know the list of the Wajib acts of Salaat.
There are 10 things which are wajib in the Salaat:
The intention to perform a particular Salaat, ‘Qurbatan ilallah’
The first ‘Allahu Akbar’ in Salaat.
Standing for recitation
Recitations during the Qiyam
Bending from the waist
Prostration with knees, palms and toes touching the ground
The recitations during Ruku and Sajdahs
The recitation while sitting down after the two sajdahs in the second and final rakaats of salaat
The final recitation of salat while sitting down
TARTIB AND MUWALAT
Tartib means to pray in the order prescribed by the Shariat
Muwalat means to pray without interruption or gap
The Salaat is like a building which is made up of many parts: Some of these parts form the foundation of the building, while others are just built upon the foundation. If the foundation gives way, then the whole building will collapse.
In the same way, the wajib acts of Salaat are divided into two categories: Rukn and Ghayr Rukn. Rukn means those parts of the Salaat which are its foundation. Ghayr Rukn means these parts of the Salaat which are not considered as its foundation.
Draw a chart of all Wajib actions of Salaat.
What is the difference between Rukn & Ghayr Rukn?
FIQH CLASS 5 - LESSON 13 & 14
Two Sajdahs are Wajib in every Rakaat of a Salaat.
If you miss only one of them or add only one more by mistake then your Salaat is still correct.
The Position Of Sajdah
During the Sajdah, 7 parts of your body must touch the ground. They are:
2 knees and
Big toes of both feet.
The Recitation In Sajdah
The recitation in Sajdah is Wajib and is called Dhikr. Dhikr of Sajdah is similar to that of Ruku with the difference of only one word. It is recited as:
"Subhana rabbi yal a'ala wa bi hamdih.” There Is an Order to Follow When Going Into And Out Of the Sajdahs
To stand up straight and still before going into the first Sajdah.
While reciting the Dhikr of Sajdah you should be still.
You should not start the Dhikr until you have reached the required position and are not moving.
If you intentionally recite the Dhikr of Sajdah before your body becomes still or raise your head while still reciting the Dhikr, your Salaat is Batil.
Get up after the 1st Sajdah into a sitting position, wait, then go into the 2nd Sajdah.
Recite the Dhikr again making sure you are still and don’t start until you are in the exact position.
Get up again after the second sajdah into a sitting position before continuing with the Salah.
What are the seven parts of the body that must touch the ground in sajda?
What Order to Follow When Going Into And Out Of the Sajdahs?
FIQH CLASS 5 - LESSON 15
SAJDAH (2) - Further Rules about Sajdah
The 7 parts of the body must be on the ground during the recitation. If you have to lift any of those seven parts, then you should be silent and only continue to recite when you have placed that part on the ground again.
The place where you will put your forehead and your toes must be of the same level.
Difficulty in Doing Sajdah
If a person can sit but cannot do Sajdah properly because of an illness or any other reason, then s/he should do one of the following things (in order of preference):
If a person can sit, but cannot do Sajdah properly, then s/he should bow down as much as s/he can, and place the mohr on something high and place his/her forehead on it. The palms, knees and toes must still touch the ground.
If something high cannot be found and s/he cannot find a person to hold it, then the mohr should be raised to the forehead by the person himself or herself.
If a person cannot perform Sajdah at all, then s/he should make the sign of it with his/her head.
If a person cannot make a sign with the head, then s/he should make the sign of it with the eyes.
If a person cannot even make the sign of Sajdah with the eyes, then s/he should make the sign of Sajdah with the hands etc. and should make a niyyat for Sajdah in his mind, and recite the obligatory Dhikr. & 1079
Mustahabat in Sajdah
Saying Takbir before Sajdah – after rising from Ruku
While going down for Sajdah, a man should go in such a way that first his hands touch the ground; whereas a woman should go in such a way that first her knees touch the ground.
When in Sajdah to place ones nose on a mohr or on anything that Sajdah can be performed
To keep the hands on level of the ears, with the fingers close together and the fingertips facing the Qiblah.
A man should keep his hands away from the body, whereas a woman should keep them close to her body.
Repeating the Dhikr of Sajdah an odd number of times – 3, 5 or 7 times, and reciting Salawat.
After getting up from the 1st Sajdah, to say Takbir and then, "Astaghfirullaha rabbi wa atubu ilayhi", and also to say a Takbir before the 2nd Sajdah.
To say "Bi haw lil lahi wa quwwatihi aqumu wa aq'ud" while getting up for the next Rakaat.
If a person has a difficulty in doing sajda, what should be done?
Further Rules Regarding Things On Which Sajdah Is Allowed
1. Natural Earth – this does not include mineral or precious stones which come out from the mines.
2. As mentioned above, you cannot do Sajdah on any things that are used in food or dress. E.g. you can do Sajdah on the leaves of a mango tree but you cannot do Sajdah on the mango itself.
3. You can do Sajdah on paper if it has been manufactured from wood, grass, cotton or flax. Paper made from silk is not allowed
4. If you cannot find something on which Sajdah is allowed, then you can do it on asphalt or tar, and if that not available, then you should do Sajdah on your dress or on the back of your hand.
5. Sajdah performed on soft clay or mud, on which your forehead cannot stay still is Batil.
. If you perform Sajdah on a thing upon which Sajdah is not allowed, and realize before reciting the Dhikr, then you should gradually slide or move your head onto a thing which is permitted.
KHAKE SHIFA Highest preference has been given for doing Sajdah upon the earth from the Haram of Imam Husain (a.s.) in Kerbala.
This earth is known as "Turbatul Husayniyyah" or "Khake Shifa". It is sacred because it is an earth that has the blood of the martyrs of Kerbala.
During the life-time of the Holy Prophet (s.a.w.), his daughter Bibi Fatima (a.s.) had made a rosary (Tasbih) from the earth taken from Hamzah bin Abdul Muttalib's grave.
Hamzah was known as "chief of the martyrs" during the Holy Prophet's time.
FIQH CLASS 5 - LESSON 17
Tashahud = bearing witness
a Ghayr Rukn part of Salaat.
Wajib once in a 2 Rakaat Salaat after the 2nd Sajdah of the last Rakaat
Wajib twice in a 3 or 4 Rakaat Salaat, after the 2nd Sajdah of the 2nd Rakaat and after the 2nd Sajdah of the last Rakaat.
The Recitation Of Tashahud:
Further Rules Regarding Tashahud
It should be recited while seated.
You should be still, not moving, during the recitation.
It should be recited in Arabic.
Muwalat: There should be continuity in recitation.
Mustahabat In Tashahud
say, Al hamdu lillah, OR,
Bismillahi wa billahi wal hamdu lillahi wa khayrul asma'i lillah
keep your hands upon your thighs with the fingers close together, AND
look at your lap.
FIQH CLASS 5 - LESSON 18
The last Wajib part of Salaat.
A Ghayr Rukn part of Salaat
Wajib after the Tashahud of the last Rakaat.
The Recitation of Salaam:
When Reciting Salaam You Must:
Be still, not moving.
Recite the last Salaam – i.e.
It is Mustahab to:
Reciting all three of the Salaams written above.
Recite 3 Takbirs after the Salaam.
Reciting Salawat after Salaam.
FIQH CLASS 5 - LESSON 19
TARTIB AND MUWALAT IN SALAAT
Among the Wajib things in Salaat are Tartib and Muwalat.
TARTIB = correct order of things.
MUWALAT = continuity and flow in action.
Tartib & Muwalat 1. If you change the order of a Wajib Rukn part of Salaat either intentionally or by mistake then your Salaat will become Batil.
3. However, if you changed the order of a Ghayr Rukn part by mistake, then your Salaat will still be correct.
4. If you stop your Salaat and stand still for some time and the onlookers think that you are not praying, then your Salaat will become Batil.
5. If your prolong your Ruku and Sajdah, or recite long Surahs, it does not break Muwalat.
FIQH CLASS 5 - LESSON 20
TA'QIBAT = Dua's or Tasbih that you recite after Salaat. It is highly recommended to glorify Allah by reciting the three short phrases on a rosary. The 3 phrases are:
"Allahu akbar" - 34 times;
"Al-hamdu lil lah" - 33 times; and
"Subhan Allah" - 33 times. This Tasbih is known as "Tasbihuz Zahra", as our Holy Prophet (s.a.w.) taught it to his beloved daughter, Fatimah Zahra (a.s.)
There are many Dua's in the Ta'qibat. You should try to learn by heart at least those Dua's that are to be recited after daily prayers.
A SHORT DUA OF QUNOOT - FROM THE QUR'AN: RABBANAGH FIR LANA - O' Our Lord! Forgive us,
WAR HAM NA - And have mercy upon us,
WA 'AFINA - And give us peace,
WA' FU ANNA - And forgive our sins
FID DUNYA WAL AKHIRA - In this world and the hereafter.
INNAKA ALA KULLI - You surely have power over
SHAY IN QADIR - Over everything.