Hazard based



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tarix18.07.2018
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Hazard based

  • Hazard based

  • Rate the seriousness of the hazards

  • Be practical in its application

  • Be evidence based





To remove the hazard and provide what is perceived to be the safest situation

  • To remove the hazard and provide what is perceived to be the safest situation

  • Similar principles to the Building Regulations





Assessment of different types of hazards

  • Assessment of different types of hazards

  • Take into account both the likelihood of an occurrence and the severity of the outcome

  • Provide a numerical score for each hazard

  • Hazards are assessed in relation to who is most likely to be exposed and the most vulnerable

  • Likelihood of causing harm over the next 12 months is also determined



Based on Health Outcomes

  • Based on Health Outcomes

  • Class 1 - Extreme

  • Class 2 - Severe

  • Class 3 - Serious

  • Class 4 - Moderate



If the score is > 1000 = Cat 1 hazard : the LA must take action

  • If the score is > 1000 = Cat 1 hazard : the LA must take action

  • If the score is < 1000 = Cat 2 hazard : the LA may take action



Hazard Awareness Notice

  • Hazard Awareness Notice

  • Improvement Notice

  • Prohibition Order

  • Emergency Remedial Action Notice

  • Emergency Prohibition Order

  • Demolition / Slum Clearance





  • Main thrust to reduce excess cold originates from:

  • 1. Reduce excess winter deaths and cost to the NHS

  • 2. Reduce fuel poverty

  • 3. Reduce CO2 emissions



  • Inappropriate or inefficient systems

  • Inadequate size for the dwelling

  • Inadequately maintained or installed

  • Inadequate or inappropriate controls for the system

  • Cost of heating can be taken into account



  • Insulation to the loft should at least be 250mm

  • Single glazed windows best avoided

  • Ventilation- remove excess draughts but kitchens and bathrooms need extractor fans



Guidance suggests that a property should be able to achieve a temperature of 21oc when the outside temperature is below zero

  • Guidance suggests that a property should be able to achieve a temperature of 21oc when the outside temperature is below zero

  • Evidence suggests that temperature of 19oc and below can lead to excess deaths

  • There is a serious risk if temperature drops below 16oc



Need to consider and need to ensure the property has the correct combination of heating, insulation, ventilation to prevent excess cold and issues with condensation

  • Need to consider and need to ensure the property has the correct combination of heating, insulation, ventilation to prevent excess cold and issues with condensation





Tilt and Turn windows are a serious problem and we see more than our fair share in Caerphilly

  • Tilt and Turn windows are a serious problem and we see more than our fair share in Caerphilly

  • Steep rear and front gardens with no fencing or guarding to prevent a fall.



  • Some real examples





















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