lQ: To what extend can Germany be blamed for the War?
State your claim…./Argument-To a certain extend Germany can be blamed for starting for the following reasons, ………..1-2-3-. However, one country cannot be totally to blame because……….
In each Paragraph Support …Support your argument/ claim
Topic Sentence/ Incorporating Question Paragraph 1-Germany can be blamed for staring WWI because of Kaiser Wilhelm’s policy of Weltpolitik’s.
Explanation-Explain what Welt. Pol was
Evidence of what he did with this policy and how it caused tension)
Analysis-Refer back to the Question (keep your eye on the ball) If he had taken this approach……..maybe it would not have caused tension between Germany and Britain and they would not have formed an alliance against Germany. (the If he had done…..has to based on your knowledge /facts not hypothetical…)
Wilhelm’s/ Caprivi (Chancellor) Policies of Weltpolitik’s-Colonial Aggression
Germany can be blamed for staring WWI because of Kaiser Wilhelm’s policy of Weltpolitik’s. 1890-Wilhelm II and German Chancellor Leo Von Caprivi t took German foreign policy on a new course of Weltpolitik. Weltpolitik was an aggressive foreign policy that hoped to make Germany a colonial power with an overseas empire like the British Empire. This new aggressive policy carried out by the Kaiser and the chancellor over turned Bismarck policy of Realpolitik’s which had carefully formed alliances to prevent Germany having to fight a war on both fronts. Bismarck had signed the re-insurance treaty with Russia but Kaiser Wilhelm had allowed this to lapse. Because of Kaiser aggressive colonial policies it caused tension between Germany B/F and Russian. …..Course of Weltpolitik-caused tension between Germany & Colonial powers Britain/France …..
Topic Sentence-Another reason why Germany can be blamed for starting WWi was because of Germany’s militarism policy/laws.
Germany’s Weakness-Failure of the -Schlieffen Plan/Verdun/Unrestricted Submarine Warfare-Failed
-Schlieffen Plan-Von Schlieffen’s war plan-Required the German Armies to sweep through northern France via neutral Belgium advance towards Paris then move eastwards to defeat the French forces. Then Troops move to eastern Front- to confront Russia
Plan failed –Explain WHY…. Belgium Resistance Attack on Belgium brought Britain into the war…..--Caused a Two Front War
-Battle of Verdun-Wear down France and Britain –Failed
-Unrestricted Submarine Warfare
-Failure of The Ludendorff Offensive critical 1918 offensive failed- critical to Germany’s defeat-
Watson-Ludendorff/Hindenburgs-defeat of offensive broken German armies will to fight
Allied/British blockade-Germany-Lacked vital supplies /resources to fight because of the British blockade
Gov. ineffective-83% -military / 2% civilian
Shift away from production of Civilian Goods to Army-Agriculture-hard hit fell 70%
Russian Civil War-Disruption –resources
Arrival of US troops-New soldiers/ massive economic/war resources-1917-huge advantage to Allies-Fresh U.S soldiers-Germany troops tired-worn out by this point-Germany Sent Zimmerman Note-Mexico to join on their side-They didn’t
300,000/month U.S Troops)
Allied more men and resources-Allies-U.S troops joined 2 million U. S Troops 1918
Allies Successful-Maintaining the Control of the Sea/Blockade/Convoy system-
Greater Coordination of Efforts between the Allies nations-Using Modern Technology