In his "Speech about Man's Dignity" Giovanni Pico Della Mirandola sees the freedom of will as the opportunity of man to improv



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In his "Speech about Man's Dignity" Giovanni Pico Della Mirandola sees the freedom of will as the opportunity of man to improve themselves to complete identification with God. The theme about freedom of will has existed since the early Middle Ages. Augustin treats the free
choice as an integral part of the Christian doctrine. Without free will the Christian couldn't
choose the Good, the love for God, and couldn't reach God. But Renaissance thoughts and Pico Della Mirandola consider it in a new way. It is not just an indispensable premise for reaching God, but an opportunity for creative self-improving that leads to complete identification with God. Nowadays mankind has inherited this way of thinking to a great extent. In the present days, men are supposed to believe in their own abilities and in the opportunity for improving themselves at least for the sake of their survival. Bulgarians, however, have been living in a closed community for a very long time, mostly in the time of the Communistic regime. Closed communities restrain human freedom to a great extent. The longevity of the Communistic regime restricted freedom of human mind as well. People got used to security, lack of free choice, not taking risks and responsibilities (alluding to most people). It is hard for a person used to this way of living to survive in a democratic society. It was even harder after 1989 when a kind of "misunderstood democracy" was performed, mostly in the very beginning of the transition period. The conception of freedom was not taken in the true sense of civic democracy and was even reduced to anarchy. The rejection of old rules led to absolute denial of all rules. Adjusting to the new ideas was undeveloped and not typical of most people. The so-called by Dahrendorf "way from subjects to citizens" has not yet been gone through in Bulgaria .The process of considering Bulgarians as free people is essential for this change, but in my opinion it has not been completely finished yet. The communistic regime limited freedom of human will. The so-called "transition" or "the changes" followed it, which still continue although these words are not so actual these days. They are replaced by expressions like "European Union" and "joining". So in my opinion the main point of this "transition" or "joining" is not in the reversal of regime or certain economic and political changes but in the broadening of human minds, the self-consciousness of every single person as a free creature. Because freedom is not made up only of having the choice itself, but of using it properly, using the possibilities it gives. There are many people in Bulgaria who have great abilities, but they just don't manage to realize them. There are many people that still haven't taken this "Renaissance" step - to realize themselves as free people who are not identified with God, but succeed in ruling their own fate and being responsible for their lives. Most Bulgarians still cannot bear the "suspense of freedom", because it is easier to accuse someone else than taking responsibilities by yourself. It is exactly the last sentence in Picco Della Mirandola's speech that I like the most. It reads that through the help of philosophy he has learned to depend on his own opinion and to try not to do harm. This sentence reveals to a great extent the ability of educated people in the Renaissance to realize themselves as free personalities responsible for their behavior. If only every person could realize himself in this way.
                       Peruz Egikyan


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