Instructions: Step #1: Complete the time line activities. Step #2

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Unit 4: Africa & Mesoamerica – Module 6 & 7 in the Textbook Name: _________________________________


Step #1: Complete the time line activities.

Step #2: Annotate the workbook:

  • Module 6, Lesson 1- Diverse Societies in Africa p. 73

  • Module 6, Lesson 2- Bantu Speaking People p.76

  • Module 6, Lesson 3- The Kingdom of Aksum p. 79

  • Module 6, Lesson 4- North and West African Civilizations p. 82

  • Module 6, Lesson 5- Eastern City-States and Southern Empires p. 85

  • Module 7, Lesson 1- The Earliest Americans p. 88

  • Module 7, Lesson 2- Early Mesoamerican Civilizations p. 91

  • Module 7, Lesson 3- Early Civilizations of the Andes p. 94

  • Module 7, Lesson 4- North American Societies p. 97

(You do NOT have to complete the graphic organizers OR answer the questions in the summaries because you need to spend your time preparing in the evening by studying for the Midterm Exam. This Packet should be complete in class before you leave today!!!)

Step #3: Answer the questions while annotating.

Step #4: Complete Map Studies on Africa and Mesoamerica.
Time Line Activity:
Instructions: Complete the incomplete timeline below using page 203 in the textbook. While you read and annotate the workbook, add all other events to the timeline that was left off of the timeline in the book every time you see a date in the workbook summary.


Events in Africa

700’s BC

Other World Events

1500 BC

1200’s ___________ culture rises in southern Mexico Islam.

<500 BC

401 BC Age of Pericles in ___________________

250 BC

105 _________________ invent paper.

100s AD

<320 AD

800 AD

850’s ____________________________ culture spreads to ____________________________

1000 AD

1095 __________________ Crusade begins

<1100 AD

10 AD

<1235 AD

1347 _____________________________ devastates Europe

1279 ______________________________ conquers China

<1464 AD

<1324 AD


Module 6, Lesson 1: Diverse Societies in Africa

Where do most people live in Africa?

How are most African families different from the traditional nuclear family of a mom, dad, and a couple or few children in America?

How is power spread in African tribes in stateless societies?

What is the difference between patrilineal and matrilineal societies?

What is the oldest Sub-Saharan African City and where did it begin?

Module 6, Lesson 2: Bantu-Speaking Peoples

What are some examples of push factors of migration?

What are some examples of pull factors of migration?

What did most African languages evolve from?

What were some push factors of Bantu-Speaking peoples of Sub-Saharan Africa and pull factors?

Push Factors of Bantu Pull Factors of Bantu

Module 6, Lesson 3: The Kingdoms of Aksum

Who were friendly to the Ancient Egyptians?

Where was the kingdom of Aksum?

Who was a later leader in this area in the 20th century? (Fought to modernize his country and who steered it into the mainstream of post-World War II African politics. He brought Ethiopia into the League of Nations and the United Nations and made Addis Ababa the major centre for the Organization of African Unity. Haile Selassie was regarded as the messiah of the African race by the Rastafarian movement. Maybe you will learn about him in your U.S. History next year.)

Who were Aksum’s trading partners because of its prime location to Arabian and Byzantine trading centers?

Why did Aksum fall?

Module 6, Lesson 4: North and West African Civilizations

Where in Africa did Islam make its most successful influence?

Who were the Berbers and what had they conquered? (Pre-Moors/Vandals. You know, Morello’s ancestors.)

How did the Kingdom of Ghana arise?

What were the two important trading goods?

How did the kingdom of Mali arise?

Who was Mansa Musa and what is significant about his trip?

How did they grow wealthy?

How did the kingdom of Songhai arise?

What happened to rule in West Africa of empires?

(This area of West Africa is also known as the Gold Coast of Africa and would later become a popular coast for slave trading, as well as gold, ivory, and other natural resources during the Triangular Slave Trade Routes between Europe, West Africa, and the Caribbean Islands and the American Colonies.)

Module 6, Lesson 5: Eastern City-States and Southern Empires

Who were the traders of the area of east Africa called Swahili?

(BTW. Most people don’t know this, but slave trading first started here on the East Coast of Africa during the Persian and Islamic Empires in the 800’s to 1,000’s well before it moved to the West Coast. Remember from your previous lessons that Western Europe had NOT fully developed its modern nations and monarchies yet and were still stuck in the Middle Ages.)

What were other goods that were traded by Arab merchants and Indian merchants?

Which was the richest city East Africa?

Which Europeans arrived in southern and east Africa in 1488?

(BTW. The Portuguese would set up ALL White colonial rule in Africa and ALL White governments, from European colonization, would last in South Africa until the 1990’s called the Afrikaners. You will be watching Ghandi after the Midterm and you will see it in the movie. South Africa did not go under Black African rule until the election of Nelson Mandela when the practice of “Apartheid” ended allowing black Africans into high positions in government, education, business, etc. Don’t forget that he was imprisoned first in the 1980’s by the ALL white government.)

How did Muslim traders influence East Africa?

What empires arose in southern Africa?

Who founded the Mutapa Empire?

Map Studies on Africa from Module 6.

Use the map on page 205 of the textbook to answer the following questions:

About what percent of Africa is desert?

About what percent of Africa is savanna?

Because of the equatorial zones north and south of the equator, if you folded a map of Africa along the equator, what might you notice about the vegetation zones above and below the fold (equator)?

Chart Studies on African Migration movements as well as other migration movements.

Use the chart on page 215 to answer the following question:

What are the three migration factors that cause people to move and migrate?

What are push factors?

What are pull factors?

Try to give one example of a push factor during the European Middle Ages and one example of a pull factor. (NOT Africa, I want you thinking of the European Middle Ages unit that we just covered and is on the Midterm.)

Use the map on page 221 of the textbook to answer the following questions:

What ancient kingdom is to the north of Aksum?

What was a major trading center in the Arabian Peninsula did Aksum trade with?

Use the map on page 227 of the textbook to answer the following questions:

Where in Africa were most of the Hunter-Gatherers African civilizations and tribes?

Where in Africa were most of the Stateless Societies African civilizations and tribes?

Where in Africa were most of the Muslim States African civilizations and tribes?

How were each of the types of societies different from each other?

Use the maps on page 231 of the textbook to answer the following questions:

Compare the regions occupied by the Ghana, Mali, and Songhai empires in terms of size and location.

Geographically, why would the triangular trade route between Europe, West Africa, and the Americas be at these previous empires locations?

What other goods might have been traded other than slaves? (Use the map on page 233 to help.)

Time Line Activity:
Instructions: Make your own timeline below using page 253 in the textbook. (You will be graded on neatness and accuracy.)

30,000 B.C.

Events in the Americas

Other World Events

1500 AD

Module 7, Lesson 1: The Earliest Americans

How did the migration of Pre-historic people probably come to America?

How did early Americans survive?

What probably caused early American civilizations to become disconnected from Asia, Africa, and Europe thereby making the civilizations develop differently?

How did Agriculture change the way of the life in modern day Mexico?

What were important agricultural products?

What happened to populations and civilizations of the Americas as a result of agriculture?

Module 7, Lesson 2: Early Mesoamerican Civilizations

Who were the Olmec and where did they build a civilization?

What was the god symbolic of?

Who were the Zapotec and where did they build a civilization?

What were societal and scientific advances of the Zapotec?

How did early Mesoamericans influence later peoples?

Module 7, Lesson 3: Early Civilizations of the Andes

What kind of cultures were the Olmec in Mexico and the Chavin in the Andes Mountains of South America?

What are the Nazca people of the Andean Mountains best known for and can only be seen from high in the air and even outer space?

King Pakal of the Mayan Empire U.S. Nasa Astronauts 60’s and 70’s

Yes, my generation was crazy about space. We would stop learning in school just to watch the Apollo Moon Missions to space. Yep, I know, just down right crazy nutsy Koo Koo. Teachers would stop their lessons to watch the take offs from Cape Kennedy in those days (Cape Canaveral today.) Because we listened to our President.

We choose to go to the moon. We choose to go to the moon in this decade and do the other things, not because they are easy, but because they are hard, because that goal will serve to organize and measure the best of our energies and skills, because that challenge is one that we are willing to accept, one we are unwilling to postpone, and one which we intend to win, and the others, too.” - John F. Kennedy

We believed that “Failure is not an option” As titled in a book written by Gene Kranz of Apollo 13. We believed that Kennedy had this mindset on success and influenced the spirit of the American public to have this mind set as well. I think future generations had it and still have it today, but I wonder how many times they believe in failing before succeeding and learning from mistakes. Boy if NASA gave up and complained every time one of their rockets failed and exploded after lift-off and in mid-flight, where would we as a nation have been today?

(Yes its 9:47 PM at my home when I am at this point and I am still not finished and have been working since 4:30 PM after as full day of teaching and being ill. I am delirious and exhausted!!!) We might watch my favorite movie about space “October Sky” instead of “Ghandi.”

Module 7, Lesson 4: North American Societies

Who were the Hohokam?

Who were the Anasazi?

Who were the Hopi and Zuni?

Who were the Mississippian?

Who were the Iroquois?

What is a totem?

(BTW. The capital city of Baton Rouge, Louisiana is named after a “Red Stick” which is what it means in French where a Mississippian Indian tribe put a totem on the turn in the river to scare off boats sailing up the Mississippi river from the Gulf of Mexico. Interesting factoid. I am really interested in the Seminole of Florida and know little about them only because when I was young I used to listen to John Anderson’s song “Seminole Wind.” Try listening to it. It’s pretty cool.)

Module 7, Lesson 5: Maya Kings and Cities (I am tired so you are on your own on this one.) Write a summary of the Mayan people on loose leaf paper and at the end answer the following question:

What do you think really happened to the Mayan civilization?

Mesoamerica Map Study

Directions: Label the each number with the appropriate name. Use the Laminate Placemat Map and (click link on my website OR type address in explorer bar) to help you locate and label the map. Color code each civilizations location on the map and in the key with three colors of your choice like the online map.

Map Key of Civilizations

Maya A.D. 250-900

Aztec A.D. 1200-1521

Inca A.D. 1438-1533











Draw Mountain Peaks


Mayan Cities:

Tikal (Capital)

Chichen Itza (Pok A Tok)


Aztec Cities:

Tenochtitlan (Capital) is

Today’s Mexico City

Incan Cities:

Machu Picchu

Cuzco (Capital)

Word Bank: Isthmus of Panama, Central America, Andes Mountains, Pacific Ocean, Caribbean Sea, Yucatan Peninsula, Mexico, Gulf of Mexico, Atlantic Ocean, South America

1. ______________________ 5. _________________________ 8. _________________________

2. ______________________ 6. _________________________ 9. _________________________

3. ______________________ 7. _________________________ 10. _________________________

4. ______________________

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