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MTD
www.mtddergisi.com
ULUSLARARASI HAKEMLİ TASARIM VE MİMARLIK DERGİSİ
Ocak  /  Şubat / Mart  / Nisan  2017 Sayı: 10 Kış - İlkbahar 
INTERNATIONALREFEREEDJOURNAL OF DESIGNANDARCHITECTURE
January / February / March / April 2017 Issue: 10 Winter – Spring
ID:162 K:89
ISSN Print: 2148-8142 Online: 2148-4880
 (ISO 18001-OH-0090-13001706 / ISO 14001-EM-0090-13001706 / ISO 9001-QM-0090-13001706 / ISO 10002-CM-0090-13001706)
(Marka Patent No / Trademark
(2015/04018 – 2015/GE/17595)
317
ULUSLARARASI HAKEMLİ
TASARIM MİMARLIK DERGİSİ
INTERNATIONAL REFEREED
JOURNAL OF DESIGN AND ARCHITECTURE
PRINT ISSN: 2148-8142 - ONLINE ISSN: 2148-4880
Table 8. Evaluation of General Satisfaction
At the third stage, by using the questionnaires 
from  Sümer  Park  and  Park  Orman  chosen 
as sample fields, in order to check assump-
tions we determined before and see whether 
there were certain relations between activity 
capability,  availability,  legibility,  comfort, 
image,  security,  maintenance,  socialization 
and feeling of tenure concepts based on gen-
eral  satisfaction,  the  chi-square  significance 
test  was  used.  Considering  the  general  sat-
isfaction and the quality criteria of the users 
participated in the questionnaire, the results 
from  the  chi-square  analyses  were  given  at 
Table 10. In accordance with the findings of 
the chi-square test used for checking our as-
sumptions; we can think that comfort, image 
and socialization criteria are effective, impor-
tant criteria for users to regard parks as quali-
fied. Variety, security and maintenance from 
the sub-criteria were rejected at both parks. 
According to this result, we can say that vari-
ety, security and maintenance criteria do not 
affect their general satisfaction, their percep-
tions about parks as qualified ones.


MTD
www.mtddergisi.com
ULUSLARARASI HAKEMLİ TASARIM VE MİMARLIK DERGİSİ
Ocak  /  Şubat / Mart  / Nisan  2017 Sayı: 10 Kış - İlkbahar 
INTERNATIONALREFEREEDJOURNAL OF DESIGNANDARCHITECTURE
January / February / March / April 2017 Issue: 10 Winter – Spring
ID:162 K:89
ISSN Print: 2148-8142 Online: 2148-4880
 (ISO 18001-OH-0090-13001706 / ISO 14001-EM-0090-13001706 / ISO 9001-QM-0090-13001706 / ISO 10002-CM-0090-13001706)
(Marka Patent No / Trademark
(2015/04018 – 2015/GE/17595)
318
ULUSLARARASI HAKEMLİ
TASARIM MİMARLIK DERGİSİ
INTERNATIONAL REFEREED
JOURNAL OF DESIGN AND ARCHITECTURE
PRINT ISSN: 2148-8142 - ONLINE ISSN: 2148-4880
Table 9. Chi-Square Analysis Results of Sümer Parkı and Park Orman
Table 10. Analysis Results Concerning Quality Criteria
RESULTS 
The aim of this study was to determine qual-
ity criteria effective in creating qualified life 
environments for users in city parks. With this 
aim, four main quality criteria and sub-criteria 
related  with  these  main  criteria  were  deter-
mined.  These  were  activity  and  usage  (sub-
criteria:  variety),  availability  (sub-criteria: 
legibility),  comfort  and  image  (sub-criteria: 
security  and  maintenance)  and  socialization 
(sub-criteria: feeling of tenure). When the re-
search  findings  were  generally  evaluated,  it 
was concluded that socio-demographical dif-
ferentiations included in both parks did not af-
fect the users’ general satisfaction perceptions. 


MTD
www.mtddergisi.com
ULUSLARARASI HAKEMLİ TASARIM VE MİMARLIK DERGİSİ
Ocak  /  Şubat / Mart  / Nisan  2017 Sayı: 10 Kış - İlkbahar 
INTERNATIONALREFEREEDJOURNAL OF DESIGNANDARCHITECTURE
January / February / March / April 2017 Issue: 10 Winter – Spring
ID:162 K:89
ISSN Print: 2148-8142 Online: 2148-4880
 (ISO 18001-OH-0090-13001706 / ISO 14001-EM-0090-13001706 / ISO 9001-QM-0090-13001706 / ISO 10002-CM-0090-13001706)
(Marka Patent No / Trademark
(2015/04018 – 2015/GE/17595)
319
ULUSLARARASI HAKEMLİ
TASARIM MİMARLIK DERGİSİ
INTERNATIONAL REFEREED
JOURNAL OF DESIGN AND ARCHITECTURE
PRINT ISSN: 2148-8142 - ONLINE ISSN: 2148-4880
For  example;  what  they  liked  at  most,  what 
they  liked  at  least  and  how  they  described 
the park, but affected their perceptions about 
quality criteria chosen for city parks. 
SUGGESTIONS
In this study, after the 
evaluation of the results, 
suggestions  were  offered  for  designing  new 
possible city parks. 
It is required to


adjust physical design and arrangement of 
any park in order to use during the night, 


provide  different  activity  opportunities  to 
the diversified user groups,


increase attraction to the parks for the visi-
tors at different times of days and years,  


have a clear introduction of the park plan 
for the ones using the park for the first time 
and visibility from outside, increase how to 
perceive entry and exit points easily,


have signs and signboards within the park 
which can guide to ways and pathways, and 
separate pedestrian and cycling ways from 
each other for security and physical control, 


provide availability for the park as pedes-
trians  or  transportation  opportunities  with 
vehicles such as bus, train, etc. and enough 
parking areas for the users coming to the 
park with their own vehicles,


create  places  for  photo-taking  opportuni-
ties in order to have positive impressions of 
the park on the people, 


have reinforcement elements made of ap-
propriate materials, correct positions of sit-
ting  places,  at  international  standards,  for 
each user and in enough numbers, within 
the park


provide protection opportunities from sun, 
shade  and  wind  in  both  sitting  fields  and 
concourses within the park, 


increase numbers of people authorised for 
management, security or departments with-
in the park, 


repair and maintain the equipments avail-
able  in  the  park  regularly,  remove  the 
equipments which cannot be used,


prevent  rubbish  from  piling  up  by  taking 
cleanliness of the park into consideration 


keep landscape arrangement in correct and 
appropriate ways regularly,


following the requirements included in oth-
er criteria, enhance socialization by provid-
ing  meeting  points  in  which  people  meet 
their friends or families, visit their neigh-
bours  and  greet  each  other  or  even  have 
easy relationships with foreign people.
In conclusion, within the scope of designing 
city parks as relaxation fields of cities, users’ 



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