Judaism, Christianity, & Islam are major



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Notes on Judaism, Islam, & Christianity



  • Judaism, Christianity, & Islam are major


religions practiced in Europe.

  • Followers of each believe in monotheism, a

belief in one god.
What else do they have in common?


  • Believe in one god (monotheistic)

  • Started in Southwest Asia

  • Trace their roots to Abraham as the father of their

faith

  • Jerusalem is the holiest city in the world for Jews and

Christians, and the third holiest city for Muslims

teachings


  • Religion of Jews

  • Founded by Abraham around 2000 BCE.

  • Jews believe that God gave Moses the Ten

Commandments.

  • Holy book is the Torah, which is the

oral and written laws of the Jews

  • Believe that they descended from Abraham and


Sarah, the first people to worship Yahweh (God).

  • Abraham lived at least 3,700 years ago in what is

now Iraq.



  • Jews worship in synagogues and temples.

  • They believe that a messiah (savior) will lead them to the Promised Land.




  • “What is hateful to you, do not to your neighbor.” How do you feel about this?



  • Has its roots in Judaism.

  • Christians believe in Jesus, who preached a new religion of love and kindness around 30 CE.

  • They believe that Jesus was the messiah (savior).


  • The Bible is the main holy book.


  • It consists of the Old Testament and the

New Testament.


  • Christians are grouped by many denominations.


o Examples in Europe include: Catholicism,

Orthodoxy, and Protestantism




  • They all follow the teachings of Jesus.

  • Christians worship in churches and chapels.



  • Began around 610 CE in Southwest Asia.

  • In Arabic, Islam means “surrender” to the will of Allah (God).

  • Followers of Islam are called Muslims, and the founder is Muhammad.

  • Believe that Muhammad is the last and greatest prophet of Islam, which included Abraham & Jesus.



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  • The Muslim holy book is the Qur’an (Koran).


  • It states how people should live their lives.

  • It describes the Five Pillars of Faith (obligations all Muslims must fulfill in their lifetime).


Five Pillars of Faith


(the main duties of Muslims)

  1. Prayer,

  2. Giving to charity,

  3. Belief in and submission to one God (Allah),

  4. Fasting during the month of Ramadan,

  5. and a trip (hajj) to Mecca once in a lifetime.

Two letters written by



Muhammad…so old!

Muhammad’s Hat, Robe, &


Staff

Muhammad’s

Swords

A piece of Muhammad’s hair

One of Muhammad’s sandals

The Green Dome in Madinah



Muhammad’s grave lies under the Green Dome. (Above is his casket.)
The Grand Mosque in Mecca

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