Larmore\ap european History Scientific Revolution



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Larmore\AP European History

Scientific Revolution


Ch. 16 Test Review



  1. How did previous centuries help influence and cause the Scientific Revolution?


  1. Who were some of the medieval scholars that many people relied on during the Scientific Revolution?


  1. What did Leonardo da Vinci was the key to understanding the nature of things?



  1. What did it mean to study Hermeticism?



  1. Before Copernicus what was the general conception of the universe?



  1. What three areas of study had the greatest achievements in science during the 16th and 17th centuries?


  1. What was Ptolemaic conception of the universe was also known as?


  1. What was Copernicus's heliocentric theory based on? What did it state?



  1. Where was Copernicus from?



  1. How did the church feel about Copernicus’s theories?



  1. What did Kepler use Copernicus's heliocentric theories for?



  1. Who recorded astronomical data from his observatory at Uraniborg Castle?



  1. What did Kepler's laws of planetary motion state? Who did it disprove?



  1. Who discovered that the planets were not made of crystal?



  1. Who was first European to make systematic observations of the heavens by telescope?




  1. Why did the Catholic Roman Inquisition attack Galileo for his scientific ideas? What actions did they take against him?


  1. In what ways did Copernicus, Kepler, and Galileo influence Sir Isaac Newton?



  1. What did Newton state in his Principia?



  1. What did Newton's universal law of gravitation prove?



  1. Which Greco-Roman doctor had the most influence on medieval medical thought?



  1. Who revolutionized the world of medicine in the sixteenth century by advocating the chemical philosophy of medicine?




  1. Who wrote On the Motion of the Heart and Blood? What did it refute about the circulation of the blood?



  1. What did Robert Boyle’s gas law state?



  1. Who is seen as the father of Modern Chemistry?



  1. What role did Margaret Cavendish have during the Scientific Revolution?



  1. Who was Maria Winkelmann?



  1. What did Benedict Spinoza believe women were?




  1. What did philosophy of René Descartes state? How could the material world be understood?


  1. Why Francis Bacon was important to the Scientific Revolution?


  1. How did organized religion feel about many of the scientific discoveries of the 17th century?



  1. What was Benedict de Spinoza’s stance on religion? What was Blaise Pascal’s?



  1. How did the French Academy and the English Royal Society differ?



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