Lessons from the Southern African swfdp and Mozambique nms



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  • Lessons from the Southern African SWFDP and Mozambique NMS

  • BY

  • Moises Vicente Benessene

  • Chair of Meteorological Association for Southern Africa -MASA

  • Sustaining NMSs-Strengthening WMO Regional Global Centers


SADC Background

  • SADC Background

      • Status of regional Met institutions
      • What is MASA?
      • MASA Achievements
      • Priority development needs of NMSs in SADC Region
      • Critical Factors For Successful Implementation
      • Resources requirements
  • Lessons from the Southern African SWFDP in Mozambique

      • Mozambique Vulnerability
      • Role of INAM
      • Lessons learned from the major floods in 2007 and 2013
      • Conclusions


Weather and climate affects all economic sectors

  • Weather and climate affects all economic sectors

  • SADC is among global regions affected by severe impacts of climate variability and change

  • Hydro-Meteorological Disasters impacts likely to increase in frequency and severity in SADC (IPCC-AR4)

  • SADC Meteorological Master plan and MASA Strategy addresses challenges of demand for timely and quality services :



SADC Climate Services Centre: Services are constrained due to:

  • SADC Climate Services Centre: Services are constrained due to:

    • Insufficient personnel; and
    • Inadequate infrastructure (Office &Equipment).
  • Regional Instruments Calibration Centre : not fully operational due to:

    • Aged calibration tools; and
    • Inadequate trained personnel.
    • Regional Met Training Centres in Angola and RSA (new) : don’t meet demand largely due to:
    • Inadequate trained personnel; and
    • Inadequate infrastructure ( office & equipment)






Priority order

  • Priority order

  • Observing Networks

  • Data management

  • Meteorologist training/NWP

  • Instruments calibration

  • Climate Modeling

  • DPFS

  • Telecoms

  • Products generation

  • Aviation Met

  • Air quality



Success will depend, among others, on:

  • Success will depend, among others, on:

    • Availability of resources both financial and human;
    • Member States and SADC give the sector high priority in their respective plans;
    • Development partners/stakeholders be supportive in relevant projects/activities;
    • NMSs and regional institutions fulfilling their respective mandates; and
    • Collaboration of SADC, the WMO and the MASA is considered critical for the success.




2006 to 2007 - Botswana, Madagascar, Mozambique, Tanzania, and Zimbabwe (5 countries).

  • 2006 to 2007 - Botswana, Madagascar, Mozambique, Tanzania, and Zimbabwe (5 countries).

  • 2008 to 2013 - Angola, Botswana, Comoros, DRC, Lesotho, Madagascar, Malawi, Mauritius, Mozambique, Namibia, Seychelles, South Africa, Swaziland, Tanzania, Zambia and Zimbabwe (16 countries and 8 of them the LDCs).

  • • RSMC Pretoria



  • MASA made a modest contribution to co-fund the 2012 SWFDP-SA Capacity Building Workshop

  • MASA will be exhibiting in the upcoming High Level Investors Conference to be held in Maputo, Mozambique (In attendance 3 African Heads of States and 28 Ministers)- Early Warnings Systems (SWFDP)















The model guidance correctly

  • The model guidance correctly

  • indicated landfall 5 days in advance

  • where, and movement towards Zimbabwe

  • Mozambique NMSs in coordination with INGC and DNA issued warnings 5 days in advance:

  • 2007:

    • Provinces were put on alert levels, 2 to 3 days in advance
    • The public responded well and major loss of lives were prevented – though 9 people died;
  • 2013:

    • Public received early warnings by Local DRM committees, radio, TV, newspapers 5 days in advance
    • BUT… the public did not react until the last time – more than 100 people died (attributed to slow reaction by Disaster Management)




Observing network and telecommunication system

  • Observing network and telecommunication system

  • Use of NWP products in graphical format (Visualization tool)

  • Reliable internet service

  • Training opportunity for all forecasters (roving and/or training desk)

  • Nowcasting (e.g. severe thunderstorm), in order to avoid case like last rainy season where 39 of 117 deaths were caused by lightning stroke

  • Improvement of awareness campaign (drill excise) before rainy season

  • Strengthen the interaction with media

  • Continuous learning and capacity building by forecasters at national level;

  • Verification of warnings and forecast







Priority order

  • Priority order

  • Observing Networks

  • Data management

  • Meteorologist training/NWP

  • Instruments calibration

  • Climate Modeling

  • DPFS

  • Telecoms

  • Products generation

  • Aviation Met

  • Air quality





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