Mountains An Introduction

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What do you know ?

  • Write down anything that comes to mind when you think of the word ‘Mountain’

  • Have you ever visited or climbed one ?

  • What sorts of things would you expect to see on a mountain ?

  • Where are mountains ?

Let’s look at some mountains

Himalayan Range, Mount Everest, Nepal. 8850m

  • Himalayan Range, Mount Everest, Nepal. 8850m

  • Highest peak in the world

  • GPS was used in 1999 to verify its height.

  • First scaled in 1958.

  • 600 climbers from 20 countries have reached the peak.

  • 100 have died.

K2 – Karakoram Range Chinese/Pakistan border

  • World’s 2nd highest mountain at 8612m.

  • Named using surveyors notation.

  • A giant pyramid of sheer ice with a maze of precipices

  • Ultimate climbers peak.

  • Between 1900-50 many unsuccessful attempts made.

  • Finally scaled 1954.

Annapurna – Himalaya, Nepal

  • 8091meters high, 10th highest in world.

  • Name means ‘The Provider’

  • Giant glaciers empty into the Kali Gandaki river.

8462m, 5th highest.

Aconcagua - Andes, Argentina.

  • At 6962m – the highest peak in Western Hemisphere.

  • Death tolls high, as climbers go up too fast.

  • No respect for altitude or weather.

Mt. Elbrus – Caucauses, Russia.

  • At 5642m, Europe’s highest peak

  • A long extinct volcano with a distinct conical shape, gently sloping sides.

  • Countless glaciers

  • Mountain covers 56 miles.

The Eiger - Swiss Alps.

  • At 3970m, one of Europe’s most fearsome

  • Peaks – extremely difficult to climb.

  • Its name means‘Ogre’, and it has a severely towering North face.

  • Has claimed the lives of many Climbers.

This is what a mountain looks like on a map.

So – what have we learnt ?

  • There are mountains all over the world, and they come in all different shapes and sizes.

  • They often have mystical significance for local people.

  • Not much grows or survives up high on the mountains given the weather conditions

  • Mountains have proved to be fascinating to men who wish to scale them despite the obvious dangers.

  • The creation of Mountains is to do with forces below the earth’s surface

  • That the temperature at the bottom of the mountain is different from that at the top.

  • That it is important to preserve these environments as they play a key role in the water cycle, energy creation, and biodiversity.

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