Mountains An Introduction
What do you know ?
Write down anything that comes to mind when you think of the word ‘Mountain’
Have you ever visited or climbed one ?
What sorts of things would you expect to see on a mountain ?
Where are mountains ?
Let’s look at some mountains
, Nepal. 8850m
Himalayan Range, Mount Everest, Nepal. 8850m
peak in the world
GPS was used in 1999 to verify its height.
First scaled in 1958.
600 climbers from 20 countries have reached the peak.
100 have died.
K2 – Karakoram Range Chinese/Pakistan border
World’s 2nd highest mountain at 8612m.
Named using surveyors notation.
A giant pyramid of sheer ice with a maze of precipices
Ultimate climbers peak.
Between 1900-50 many unsuccessful attempts made.
Finally scaled 1954.
Annapurna – Himalaya, Nepal
8091meters high, 10th highest in world.
Name means ‘The Provider’
Giant glaciers empty into the Kali Gandaki river.
8462m, 5th highest.
8462m, 5th highest.
isolated Pyramid shape
4 sharp ridges
Picture taken from Everest.
Aconcagua - Andes, Argentina.
At 6962m – the highest peak in Western Hemisphere.
, as climbers go up too fast.
No respect for altitude or weather.
Mt. Elbrus – Caucauses, Russia.
At 5642m, Europe’s
A long extinct volcano with a distinct conical shape, gently sloping sides.
Mountain covers 56 miles.
The Eiger - Swiss Alps.
At 3970m, one of Europe’s most fearsome
Peaks – extremely difficult to climb.
Its name means‘Ogre’, and it has a severely towering North face.
Has claimed the lives of many Climbers.
This is what a mountain looks like on a map.
So – what have we learnt ?
mountains all over the world
, and they come in all different shapes and sizes.
They often have mystical significance for local people.
Not much grows or survives up high on the mountains given the weather conditions
Mountains have proved to be fascinating to men who wish to scale them despite the obvious dangers.
The creation of Mountains is to do with forces below the earth’s surface
That the temperature at the bottom of the mountain is different from that at the top.
That it is important to preserve these environments as they play
a key role in the water cycle
, energy creation, and biodiversity.
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