Ms. Freund Unit Packet



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Ms. Freund Topic Packet Honors US History


Topic 6: The Progressive Era



(Consult Shared Documents Americans 8.2, 8.4, 9.1 – 9.5)

Directions: Answer the following vocabulary, people, identifications, questions, and sample test questions completely and thoroughly. NO CREDIT will be given for an answer that is copied straight from the book or any other source. This packet is not a collaborative effort. Do your own work. Ensure that there is NO QUESTION about whether you did it on your own. The entire packet MUST be handwritten.
SCORING: There are 2 grades for this packet. One grade is received for completion and one for accuracy. Accuracy is scored by whether or not each answer is correct. Each part is worth 25% of your completion grade. Understand that “doing the math” and not completing the assignment will also hurt your accuracy grade.
PART 1: Vocabulary Directions: For each term, write a full definition in your own words (when using the textbook consult the definition in the chapter rather than in the glossary to help you define each word )


  1. Progressives

  2. Consumers

  3. Muckrakers

  4. Municipal reform

  5. political machine

  6. city manager

  7. secret ballot

  8. initiative

  9. referendum

  10. recall

  11. direct primary

  12. government regulation

  13. graduated income tax

  14. poll tax

  15. grandfather clause

  16. compulsory education

  17. prohibition

  18. temperance


PART 2: Important people, places & ideas: Directions: for each person, answer the following 2 questions (minimum 2 complete sentences): a) who/what are they, b) why are they important


  1. Thomas Nast

  2. Salvation Army

  3. Temperance Movement

  4. Federal Trade Commission

  5. Theodore Roosevelt

  6. Square Deal

  7. William Howard Taft

  8. Women’s Suffrage

  9. Child Labor

  10. Woodrow Wilson

  11. Joseph Pulitzer

  12. William Randolph Hearst

  13. Mark Twain

  14. Susan B. Anthony

  15. Alice Paul

  16. Florence Kelley

  17. Carrie Chapman Catt

  18. Ida Tarbell

  19. Jacob Riis

  20. Robert La Follette

  21. Bull Moose Party

  22. Plessy v. Ferguson

  23. NACW

  24. NAWSA

  25. NAACP

  26. Upton Sinclair

  27. Ashcan School

  28. Horrace Mann


Part 3: Important Legislation: Directions: Copy the chart and briefly explain how each act and amendment changed life in the United States and when each was adopted (year) and under what President.


Congressional Legislation

How it changed life in America

When it was adopted/Under Which President

16th Amendment







17th Amendment







18th Amendment







19th Amendment







Pure Food and Drug Act







Meat Inspection act







Clayton Anti-trust Act







Federal Reserve Act







.

Part 4: Leisurely Activities: Directions: For each activity (using Shared Documents The Americans 8.4: The Dawn of Mass Culture. Answer the following questions:


  1. Pretend you are living in the late 1800s and you notice each of the leisure activities listed in that chapter (baseball, amusement parks, boxing, bicycling, tennis, etc). Choose 3 and describe them to your neighbor in a way that would make him/her want to engage in that activity with you.

  2. How did the mass production of bicycles change the lives of women?

  3. Why do you think sports were so popular among Americans at the turn of the century?

  4. What were the factors that contributed to the popularity of dime novels?

  5. What is rural free delivery?



PART 5: Sample EOC Questions: Directions: Write the entire question and all possible responses out then circle/highlight the correct answer. NO CREDIT will be given if this page is used instead of writing the question out or if question and all possible responses are NOT written out.


  1. The information below identifies examples of the work of the muckrakers.




  • Upton Sinclair exposed the unhealthy practices of Chicago’s meat-packing plants

  • Ida Tarbell revealed the dishonest business tactics of Rockefeller’s Standard Oil Company

  • Jacob Riis wrote How the Other Half Lives, showing the conditions of the residents of New York City tenements

What was the impact of these muckraking activities during the early 1900s?




    1. Society changed in response to their promotion of Social Darwinism

    2. Voters agreed to let the owners of Big Business create more profitable monopolies

    3. Reports of these works in publications abroad led to a sudden decrease in immigration

    4. Public reaction to their books led to new laws addressing the abuses of industrialization




  1. In 1913, President Wilson proposed a reduction in tariffs. How did Wilson plan to make up for the loss of these revenues by the federal government?

    1. Reducing federal expenditures

    2. Introducing a new federal income tax

    3. Requiring contributions by state governments

    4. Having government ownership of some industries, such as electricity

3. The cartoon below, “The Bosses of the Senate” was published in 1889.



What is the viewpoint of the artist?

  1. Trusts mainly compete against one another for profits

  2. Trusts have been subjected to unfair regulation by Congress

  3. Trusts have too much influence over the United States Senate

  4. Trusts play an essential role in promoting American economic growth




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