New Records For The Lichen Flora of Turkey



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New Records For The Lichen Flora of Turkey

Şule ÖZTÜRK, Gönül KAYNAK

Uludağ University, Fen Edebiyat Fakültesi, Biyoloji Bölümü, 16059 Görükle, Bursa-TURKEY

Received: 15.10.1997

Accepted: 10.05.1999

Tr. J. of Botany

23 (1999) 357-358

© TÜBİTAK

1

Abstract: Three foliose lichen species,  

Collema parvum Degel., Phaeophyscia constipata ( Norrl. & Nyl. ) Moberg,  Xanthoria fulva

(Hoffm.) Poelt & Petutsching, are new records for Turkey. 

Key Words: Lichens, Flora, Turkey 



Türkiye Liken Florası İçin Yeni Kayıtlar

Özet: Üç yapraksı liken türü 

Collema parvum Degel., Phaeophyscia constipata (Norrl. & Nyl.) Moberg, Xanthoria fulva (Hoffm.) Poelt

& Petutsching Türkiye için yeni kayıttır.

Anahtar Sözcükler: Likenler, Flora, Türkiye



Introduction

About 800 lichen species have been reported from

Turkey. Some of these studies were conducted in the

provinces of Bilecik (1), Eskişehir (2) and Ilıca (Kütahya)

(3). There have also been some new records in recent

years (4,5). In other recent studies, complete lists of

lichen species have been compiled from previous research

(6 - 8). However, lichen flora research has not covered

many regions of Turkey. This study provides three new

records for the lichen flora of Turkey.

The identification  of the lichen species was performed

according to related lichen flora literature (9-12). These

specimens are stored at the herbarium of the Arts and

Science Faculty of the University of Uludağ, Bursa.

Findings:

LECANORALES

COLLEMATACEAE

Collema parvum Degel. in Symb. Bot. Upssal. 13(2):

273, (1954).

Tallus up to 1.5 cm diam., crustose - placodioid, plane

to convex, adpressed,  ±radiating lobes, 0.1-0.3 mm

wide, forming entire or partial rings, upper surface dark

brown to blackish, matt, not white pubescent, with few

to numerous irregularly globose isidia up to 0.05 (-1)

mm diam. Apotecia unknown. On bare limestone,

exposed at c.800 m alt., W. Europe from Arctic to

Mediterranean (11,12).

Isparta: Uluborlu, in vicinity of Akçay, on calcareous

rock, at 1500 m alt., 19.07.1995 (G. Kaynak 201).

PHYSCIACEAE

Phaeophyscia constipata (Norrl. & Nyl.) Moberg, in

Symb. Bot. Upssal. 22 (1): 33, (1977).

Syn.: 

Physcia constipata (Norrl. & Hoffm.) Poelt &



Petutsching in Herb. Lich. Fern, Nr. 218, 1882).

Thallus grey, greenish-brown, K(-), lobes up to 0.4

mm wide, medulla white, underside yellow with whitish

or blackish rhizines. Thallus not sorediate or isidiate,

apothecia rare. Rather scarce in Central Europe (12). 

Isparta: Uluborlu; Hisarardı, valley, rocks, on

calcareous rock, at 1100 m alt., 01.08.1995, (G.Kaynak

216).


TELOSCHISTALES

TELOSCHISTACEAE 

Xanthoria fulva (Hoffm.) Poelt & Petutsching in

Nova Hedwigia 54(1-2): 24, (1992).

Syn.: 

Lobaria fulva Hoffm., Deutschl. Flora 2: 159



(1796).

Thallus red - orange, brown - red, foliose, lobes 2 mm



Research Note


New Records For The Lichen Flora of Turkey

long, 0,7 (1) mm wide, soralia lip - shaped, ascospores

wide ellipsoid, polarilocular, 13,5 - 17,5 x 8 - 10,5 

µ

m,



septum 4 - 6,5 

µ

m.  From Boreal to Mediterranean



regions, on tree bark, rare (12). 

Isparta: Uluborlu; Erendost road, around Karatavuk

River, on log, at 1200 m alt., 24.07.1995, (G.Kaynak

205).


358

References 

1.

Özdemir, A.,  Bilecik İli Likenleri, Doğa Tr. J. of Botany 14, 165-



170, (1990).

2.

Özdemir, A., Eskişehir İli Likenleri, Doğa Tr. J. of Botany 15, 189-



196, (1991).

3.

Çiçek, A. A., Türk, A. Ö., Ilıca ( Kütahya) Yöresi Likenleri, Tr. J. of



Botany 19, 325 - 329, (1995).

4.

Gönülol, A., Kınalıoğlu, K., Engin, A., Türkiye Liken Florasy İçin



Yeni Kayıtlar, Tr. J. of Botany 19, 405 - 410, (1995).

5.

Yazıcı, K., Türkiye İçin Yeni Liken Türleri, Doğa Tr.J.of Botany 19,



149-152, (1995).

6.

Pisut, I., Intressante Flechtenfunde aus der Türkei, Preslia (Praha)



42, 379 - 383, (1970).

7.

John, V., UTM - Grid Mapping And Distribution Patterns of



Lichens in Turkey, Plant Life In Southwest And Central Asia, Vol.

1, 440 - 453, Ege University Press, İzmir - Türkiye, (1996).

8.

John, V., Preliminary catalogue of lichenized and lichenicolus



fungi of Mediterranean Turkey, Bocconea 6: 173 - 216, (1996).

9.

Dahl, E., Krog, H., Macrolichens of Denmark, Finland, Norway,



and Sweden, Scandinavian University Books, Oslo, (1973).

10.


Wirth, V., Flechtenflora, Ulmer, Stuttgart, (1980).

11.


Purvis, O. W., Coppins, B. S., Hawksworth, D. L., James, P. W.,

Moore, D.M. ( ed.), The Lichen Flora of Great Britain and Ireland,

Natural History Museum, The British Lichen Society, London,

(1994).


12.

Wirth, V., Die Flechten Baden - Württembergs Verlag Eugen



Ulmer, Stuttgart, Teil 2, 971 - 980, (1995).



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