Practice Six Kinds of Knowledge Martin Kozloff



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Practice
Six Kinds of Knowledge
Martin Kozloff

Which kind of knowledge is communicated by each of the following entries? Or, you might say, AS which kind of knowledge would it be best to teach each entry? For example, an entry may contain several facts. Would it best to teach each fact separately or to teach all of the facts as a list?

Note, some entries contain more than one communication of knowledge.

1. The Stockholm syndrome is a “paradoxical psychological phenomenon wherein hostages express adulation and have positive feelings towards their captors that appear irrational in light of the danger or risk endured by the victims…” http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Stockholm_syndrome

2. The main export of Saudi Arabia is oil.
3. “Cells have parts that perform certain functions: (1) Cell (plasma) membrane controls entry into and out of cell; (2) Cell wall shapes and supports a plant cell; (3) Chlorophyll traps light and is used to produce food for plants; (4) Chloroplasts food for plant cells is made here; (5) Chromosomes contains code which guides all cell activities; (6) Cytoplasm jellylike substance within cell; (7) Endoplasmic reticulum surface for chemical activity; (8) Golgi bodies stores and releases chemicals; (9) Lyosome digestion center; (10) mircotubule hollow cylinder that supports and shapes cell; (11) Mitochondria "powerhouse" of cell; (12) Nuclear membrane holds nucleus together; (13) Nucleolus spherical body within nucleus; (14) Nucleus chromosomes are found here; (15) Plastid stores food or contains pigment; (16) Ribosomes where proteins are made; (17) Vacuole contains water and dissolved mineral.” http://education.sdsc.edu/download/enrich/cellstudy.pdf

4. Ned is a dog.

5. “But, unfortunately, law by no means confines itself to its proper functions. And when it has exceeded its proper functions, it has not done so merely in some inconsequential and debatable matters. The law has gone further than this; it has acted in direct opposition to its own purpose. The law has been used to destroy its own objective: (this is the subject: ways the law has acted in direct opposition to its own purpose or objective---which is the individual right to lawful defense. It has been applied to annihilating the justice that it was supposed to maintain; to limiting and destroying rights. The law has placed the collective force at the disposal of the unscrupulous. It has converted plunder into a right, in order to protect plunder. And it has converted lawful defense into a crime, in order to punish lawful defense.” [Frederick Bastiat, The Law, 1850]

6. Objective. Students sound out these words correctly and within 4 seconds.


r u n f u n i t s i t f i t s u n

7. The more a ruling class uses coercive force on citizens, the lower its legitimacy to the citizens.


If and only if there is sufficient oxygen will there be ignition.
8. Silver is a metal that is white, lustrous, ductile, and malleable, with an atomic number of 47.

9. “The U.S. Constitution was written in 1787.

10. “Arms discourage and keep the invader and plunderer in awe, and preserve order in the world as well as property... Horrid mischief would ensue were the law-abiding deprived of the use of them.” [Thomas Paine]

11. When political systems, nations or civilizations fail, they collapse in a welter of blood and carnage, usually ending in mountains of bodies, slavery and a long dark night of tyranny. [http://sipseystreetirregulars.blogspot.com/2009/12/fatal-errors-and-big-die-off.html]

12. Finding standards or goals on the state standard course of study relevant to your course. Translating the standards into clear and concrete objectives. Identifying material in your textbooks relevant to the standards. Determining if the textbook materials adequately address the standards. If not, finding supplementary materials on the internet. Arranging all of the materials into a logical sequence for teaching. http://www.ncpublicschools.org/curriculum/

13. Granite is an igneous rock (larger category, or genus, in which igneous rocks are located), that consists of the minerals mica, feldspar, and quartz.


14. Bad laws are the worst sort of tyranny. [Edmund Burke]


15. "The moment you give up your principles, and your values, you are dead, your culture is dead, your civilization is dead. Period. " [Oriana Fallaci]


16. “Government, even in its best state, is but a necessary evil; in its worst state, an intolerable one.” [Thomas Paine]


17. “…he who would reform the Institutions of a free State, must retain at least the semblance of old Ways. [Niccolo Machiavelli, Discourses on the First Decade of Titus Livius]

18. “This Constitution is said to have beautiful features; but when I come to examine these features, sir, they appear to me horribly frightful. Among other deformities, it has an awful squinting; it squints toward monarchy, and does not this raise indignation in the breast of every true American? Your president may easily become king. Your Senate is so imperfectly constructed that your dearest rights may be sacrificed to what may be a small minority; and a very small minority may continue for ever unchangeably this government, altho horridly defective. Where are your checks in this government? Your strongholds will be in the hands of your enemies. It is on a supposition that your American governors shall be honest that all the good qualities of this government are founded; but its defective and imperfect construction puts it in their power to perpetrate the worst of mischiefs should they be bad men; and, sir, would not all the world, from the Eastern to the Western Hemisphere, blame our distracted folly in resting our rights upon the contingency of our rulers being good or bad?...
Away with your president! we shall have a king: the army will salute him monarch; your militia will leave you, and assist in making him king, and fight against you: and what have you to oppose this force? What will then become of you and your rights? Will not absolute despotism ensue?” [Patrick Henry, anti-federalist, speech against ratifying Constitution. 1788]

19.

20. Party is a body of men united, for promoting by their joint endeavours the national interest, upon some particular principle in which they are all agreed .[Edmund Burke. 1730-1797. Selections from the Speeches and Writings of Edmund Burke]

21. “I think our governments will remain virtuous for many centuries; as long as they are chiefly agricultural; and this will be as long as there shall be vacant lands in any part of America . When they get piled upon one another in large cities, as in Europe, they will become corrupt as in Europe ."[Jefferson. 1787 December 20. To James Madison).]

22. The poem—The Chimney Sweeper--uses the four rhetorical devices of
onomatopoeia, metaphor, simile, and symbolism. http://www.online-literature.com/blake/628/

23. Aristocracy is a political system in which rule is invested in a governing body composed of those considered the best or most able in the political system by virtue of education,  ability, wealth, or social prestige.

24. “The more democratic and open a society is, the more it's exposed to terrorism. The more a country is free, not governed by a police regime, the more it risks hijackings or massacres like the ones that took place for many years in Italy and Germany and other parts of Europe.” [Oriana Fallaci. The rage and the pride. http://italian.about.com/library/fallaci/blfallaci04.htm]

25. Amendment I.


Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof; or abridging the freedom of speech, or of the press; or the right of the people peaceably to assemble, and to petition the government for a redress of grievances.

26. “Fiat money is a kind of currency that a government has declared to be legal tender, despite the fact that (1) it has no intrinsic value, (2) is not backed by physical reserves, such as gold and silver, and therefore (3) is based solely on faith. Adapted from


http://www.investopedia.com/terms/f/fiatmoney.asp

27. “Arms discourage and keep the invader and plunderer in awe, and preserve order in the world as well as property... Horrid mischief would ensue were the law-abiding deprived of the use of them.” [Thomas Paine]


28. The battle at Marathon was in 390 BCE.


29. “The main reasons for the decline and fall of Rome were (1) overabundance; (2) overextension of territory; (3) political corruption; (4) excessive public expenditures; (5) moral decay; and (6) loss of patriotism.



30.




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