Retrieval How do we recall the information we thought we remembered?



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tarix17.09.2017
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Retrieval

  • How do we recall the information we thought we remembered?


Recall versus Recognition



Retrieval Cues

  • Things that help us remember.



PRIMING EFFECT

  • Priming effect occurs when people respond faster or better to an item if a similar item preceded it.



Repetition Priming

  • 1. Repetition priming refers to the fact that it is easier (quicker) to recognize a face or word if you have recently seen that same face or word.



Semantic Priming

  • 2. Semantic priming refers to the fact that it is easier (quicker) to recognize someone or word if you have just seen someone or a word closely associated.



Priming



Context Effects

  • It helps to put yourself back in the same context you experienced (encoded) something.

  • If you study on your favorite chair at home, you will probably score higher if you also took the test on the chair.



Rest



Snore



Sound



Tired



Bed



Comfort



Awake



Eat



Wake



Dream



Slumber



Night



Déjà Vu

  • That eerie sense that you have experienced something before.

  • What is occurring is that the current situation cues past experiences that are very similar to the present one- your mind gets confused.



Mood-Congruent Memory

  • The tendency to recall experiences that are consistent with one's current good or bad mood.

  • If you are depressed, you will more likely recall sad memories from you past.

  • Moods also effect that way you interpret other peoples behavior




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