Before Pompey joined the triumvirate he single-handedly redrew the map of the Eastern Mediterranean by developing new cities through conquest. Pompey, through his victories had increased Rome’s annual income by 70 percent.
Marcus Licinius Crassus
Crassus was know in late Republic as Rome’s richest man.
While crossing the Rubicon river (the northern boarder of Italy) Caesar declared, “the die is cast,”- no turning back
Caesar easily swept to victory over the Senatorial army lead by Pompey in 48 BCE, and completely destroyed them in 45 BCE.
In 45 BCE Pompey was stabbed to death while coming ashore in Egypt as he fled the wrath of Caesar.
Caesar was now the sole ruler of Rome, declaring himself. “dictator for life.”
That same year Caesar was assassinated by sixty Senators fearing his grip on power.
The assassination of Caesar was the first assassination of a head of state in Rome in eighty-nine years and would signal the start of the pattern of political scandal and murder. The Republic was now dead and the age of the Emperor was in place, Rome would stay much the same until the demise of the Western Empire in 476 CE.