Search and Destroy



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tarix06.05.2018
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#41574



Search and Destroy

  • Search and Destroy

  • Chemical Warfare

  • Defoliate

  • Napalm

  • Agent Orange

  • Indiscriminate





Draw up a table to take notes as we investigate...

  • Draw up a table to take notes as we investigate...



Apocalypse Now

  • Apocalypse Now

  • Search and Destroy



America decided to build safe, well protected military bases.

  • America decided to build safe, well protected military bases.

  • They would then wait for reliable intelligence to identify Vietcong strongholds.

  • They would then search for these strongholds using helicopters and destroy them with a surprise attack from the air.

  • Violence was often used to interrogate suspected Vietcong soldiers.

  • Soldiers had to send back reports of body counts.

  • They would also often burn down the village at the end of the raid.

  • This led to the raids being nicknamed ‘Zippo Raids’.



However the raids were often based on poor intelligence reports.

  • However the raids were often based on poor intelligence reports.

  • The soldiers were often inexperienced and walked into traps.

  • Sometimes innocent villages would be attacked.

  • Civilian casualties were very high.

  • For every VC weapon captured, six people died, mainly civilians.

  • This all made the peasants hate the US and ARVN even more.

  • It made them more likely to support the VC!



America also tried to destroy the Vietcong hiding places and their sources of food.

  • America also tried to destroy the Vietcong hiding places and their sources of food.

  • This meant destroying the jungle.

  • The word for destroying leaves or foliage is to ‘defoliate’.

  • This was attempted with two types of chemical weapons.

    • Napalm – a liquid explosive to burn the jungle.
    • Agent Orange – a weed killer.


A mixture of high explosive and petrol jelly.

  • A mixture of high explosive and petrol jelly.

  • It exploded and combined with oxygen in the atmosphere to burn anything in its path.

  • It would stick to a victim’s skin and cause terrible burns.

  • Around 20,000 tons of napalm were dropped between 1965 and 1973.

  • It’s indiscriminate – large numbers of civilians would be killed or injured.



A chemical defoliant (weed killer) sprayed on to the jungle.

  • A chemical defoliant (weed killer) sprayed on to the jungle.

  • 82 million litres were dropped in the 1960s.

  • 4 million acres of forest was wiped out.

  • Soil, air and rivers were heavily polluted.

  • 1.3 million people were affected by the chemicals.

  • An estimated 500,000 children have since been born with birth defects linked to Agent Orange.



They were indiscriminate in nature – they could not distinguish between Viet Cong and innocent civilians.

  • They were indiscriminate in nature – they could not distinguish between Viet Cong and innocent civilians.

  • Many innocent people died.

  • The Viet Cong were rarely successfully targeted.

  • Opposition in the USA increased as the human horrors became apparent from chemical warfare.



Complete your table with as much detail as possible.

  • Complete your table with as much detail as possible.

  • Read page 166 of your text book to find extra detail.





Innocent civilians had died in many wars before Vietnam.

  • Innocent civilians had died in many wars before Vietnam.

  • But in these wars the horror had been kept from the public.

  • Censorship and slow media communications meant that the reality of war rarely reached the public back home.

  • But Vietnam was to be different.




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