Senior General Knowledge Famous Scientists Francis Bacon (1561 – 1626)

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Senior General Knowledge - Famous Scientists

  1. Francis Bacon (1561 – 1626) discovered and popularized the scientific method, whereby the laws of science are discovered by gathering and analysing data from experiments and observations, rather than by using logic-based arguments and the natural philosophy of Aristotle.

  1. Robert Wilhelm Bunsen (1811-1899) was a German Chemist who developed the Bunsen burner we use today. He also discovered the elements discovered caesium and rubidium with the physicist Gustav Kirchhoff.

  1. Gregor Mendel (1822 – 1884) is known as the father of genetics. He identified many of the rules of heredity which determine how traits are passed through generations of living things.

  1. Robert Hooke, (1635 - 1703) was an English physicist who discovered the law of elasticity, known as Hooke’s law.

  1. Marie Curie (1867 – 1943) was a Polish-born French physicist and chemist who is best known for her contributions to radioactivity. The curie (symbol Ci) is a non-SI unit of radioactivity, named 'in honour of' Pierre Curie, according to his widow, Marie Curie, who was on the standards committee and perhaps a more likely candidate for the naming honours.

  1. Jane Goodall (1934 – present) is a British primatologist and ethologist. She is widely considered to be the world’s foremost expert on chimpanzees.

  1. Francis Crick, and James Watson and Maurice Wilkins shared the 1962 Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine for solving the structure of DNA.

  1. Rosalind Franklin (1920 – 1958) was a British biophysicist who is best known for her work on the molecular structures of coal and graphite, and X-ray diffraction. Her X-ray crystallographic data enabled Crick and Watson to determine the structure of DNA

  1. Who is the unit of measurement for weight named after?

  1. Who first discovered penicillin which heralded the dawn of the antibiotic age? He found that mould on old petri dishes was capable of killing a wide range of harmful bacteria, such as streptococcus, meningococcus and the diphtheria bacillus.

J Griffin

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