Explain the difference that are “according to duty” and those that are “from duty.” Give an example or two.
What is a maxim? Give a couple of examples.
State the Categorical Imperative.
From Kant’s point of view, what’s wrong with making false promises? with suicide?
State the Practical Imperative.
What three Enlightenment principles are implied by Kant’s ethics? (Not in the text. See the notes.)
J. S. Mill
According to Mill, what is happiness?
In Mill’s utilitarianism, what is the foundation of morals?
How does Mill argue that some pleasures are better than others?
How does Mill rebut the charge that his Greatest Happiness Principle is selfish?
Does Mill’s utilitarianism mean that each time a person acts he has to see how his acts would affect the whole human race? If not, then whom should he look out for?
Does Mill agree with Kant that only acts that have moral value are those that are done for the sake of duty? Why or why not?
Rachels is for a “morality without hubris.” What is “hubris”?
Racism “is an offense against morality because it is first ______________” what
“MWH holds that a person’s voluntary actions can justify departures from the basic policy of ‘equal treatment’, but nothing else can.” How does this principle apply to hiring and college admissions practices?
In hiring and promotions, why should a naturally talented individual not be preferred to a hard-working, but less talented worker?