values

are sorted by the procedure, and no target value may appear more than once.

**Tip:**
The DECDATA= data set may be of TYPE=LOSS, PROFIT, or REVENUE.

If unspecified, TYPE=PROFIT is assumed by default. TYPE= is a data set

option that can be specified in parenthesis following the data set name when

the data set is created or when the data set is used.

**Options**

**DECVARS=***decision-variable(s)*

Specifies the numeric decision variables in the DECDATA= data set that contain the

target-specific consequences for each decision. The decision variables may not contain missing

values. If DECVARS= is not specified, the procedure does not make any decisions or output any

variables that depend on making a decision.

**Default:**

None

**COST=***cost-option(s)*
Specifies numeric constants that give the cost of a decision, or numeric variables in the DATA=

data set that contain the case-specific costs, or any combination of constants and variables. There

must be the same number of cost constants and variables as there are decision variables in the

DECVARS= option. In the COST= option, you may not use abbreviated variable lists such as

D1-D3, ABC--XYZ, or PQR:. For any case where a cost variable is missing, the results for that

case are set to missing.

**Default:**

All costs are assumed to be 0.

**Note:** The COST= option may only be specified when the DECDATA= data set is of

TYPE=REVENUE.

**PRIORVAR=***variable*
Specifies the numeric variable in the DECDATA= data set that contains the prior probabilities to

use for making decisions. Prior probabilities are also used to adjust the total and average profit or

loss. Prior probabilities may not be missing or negative, and there must be at least one positive

prior probability. The priors are not required to sum to 1; if they do not sum to 1, they are

automatically multiplied by a constant to do so. If PRIORVAR= is not specified, no adjustment

for prior probabilities is applied to the posteriors.

**Default:**

None

**OLDPRIORVAR=***variable*
Specifies the numeric variable in the DECDATA= data set that contains the prior probabilities that

were used when originally fitting the model. The OLDPRIORVAR= option is used only by the

DECIDE procedure. In the DMREG, NEURAL, and SPLIT procedures, the procedure

automatically supplies the values of the old priors if PRIORVAR= is specified.

**Note:** If OLDPRIORVAR= is specified, PRIORVAR= must also be specified.

**Default:**
None

Copyright 2000 by SAS Institute Inc., Cary, NC, USA. All rights reserved.

*The DECIDE Procedure*
**FREQ Statement**
**Specifies a numeric variable whose values represent the frequency of the observation.**
**Discussion: **If one variable in the input data set represents the frequency of occurrence for other

values in the observation, specify the variable's name in a FREQ statement.

**Alias: **FREQUENCY

**FREQ** *variable*;

**Required Argument**
**variable**
Specifies a single numeric variable whose value represents the frequency of the observation. If

you use the FREQ statement, PROC DECIDE then treats the data set as if each observation

appeared **n** times, where **n** is the value of the FREQ variable for the observation. The FREQ

variable has no effect on decisions or the adjustment for prior probabilities; it only affects the

summary statistics in the OUTFIT= data set. If a value of the FREQ variable is not an integer, the

fractional part is **not** truncated. If a value of the FREQ variable is less than or equal to 0, the

observation does not contribute to the summary statistics in the OUTFIT= data set, but all of the

variables created in the OUT= data are processed the same way as if the FREQ variable were

positive.

Copyright 2000 by SAS Institute Inc., Cary, NC, USA. All rights reserved.

*The DECIDE Procedure*
**POSTERIORS_Statement__Specifies_which_variables_in_the_DATA=_data_set_contain_the_estimated_posterior_probabilities_that'>POSTERIORS Statement**
**Specifies which variables in the DATA= data set contain the estimated posterior probabilities that**
**correspond to the categories of the target variable.**
**Discussion: **The POSTERIORS statement may be specified only with a categorical target variable.

You may not use both a POSTERIORS statement and a PREDICTED statement.

**POSTERIORS** *variable(s)*;

**variable(s)**
Specifies the numeric variable(s) in the DATA= data set that contain the estimated posterior

probabilities corresponding to the classes (that is, the categories of the target variable). The results

for a case are set to missing and the P flag is set in the _WARN_ variable for any case where a

posterior probability is missing, negative, or greater than one, or there is a non-0 posterior

corresponding to a 0 prior, or there is not at least one valid positive posterior probability.

**CAUTION:**
**The order of the variables must correspond exactly to the order of the classes in the**
**DECDATA= data set.**
Copyright 2000 by SAS Institute Inc., Cary, NC, USA. All rights reserved.

*The DECIDE Procedure*
**PREDICTED Statement**
**Specifies which variable in the DATA= data set contains the predicted values of an interval target**
**variable.**
**Discussion: **The PREDICTED statement may be specified only with an interval target variable. You

may not use both a PREDICTED statement and a POSTERIORS statement.

**PREDICTED ***variable*;

**variable**
Specifies the numeric variable in the DATA= data set that contains the predicted values of an

interval target variable.

Copyright 2000 by SAS Institute Inc., Cary, NC, USA. All rights reserved.