Thursday, September th day Will not be here tomorrow (Friday)



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tarix11.09.2018
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Thursday, September 6th

  • 2.4.6 day

  • Will not be here tomorrow (Friday)

    • Those who need to take the test- Monday/Tuesday before or after school (7:00 or 2:15)
  • Agenda:


Friday, September 7th

  • Happy Friday! 

  • You have a sub today…BE RESPECTFUL!

    • If they feel the need to write down your name for ANY REASON, I will write a referral for you on Monday- NO QUESTIONS
    • Follow their instructions
  • To do Today

    • Notes (1st 20 minutes)
    • Engineering an Empire (remaining time of class)


Goals:

  • Understand how the Republic of Rome led to revolts.

  • Understand the impact of slavery in Rome.

  • View how the empire of Rome was engineered (video)





By 2nd century B.C., the Senate had become the governing body of the Roman State.

  • By 2nd century B.C., the Senate had become the governing body of the Roman State.

  • Members were mostly the wealthy landed aristocracy

  • Remained senators for life

  • In charge of the wars, foreign and domestic affairs

    • Regular people, or plebeians, did not like this


Senate was controlled by the wealthy

  • Senate was controlled by the wealthy

  • Small farmers were unable to compete with large, wealthy landowners and lost their land

    • (kind of like Wal-Mart!)
  • Wealthy land owners used slave labor, which meant they made more money for less labor

  • Landless farmers drifted into the cities, creating a large class of poor



Two brothers

  • Two brothers

  • Urged the Council of Plebs to pass alnd-reform bills

    • Called for the government to take back public land held by large landowners and give it to the landless Romans (poor)
  • RESULT: Senators were furious

  • They later killed both brothers



The reforms of the Gracchus brothers angered the senate, which saw them as a threat to its power.

  • The reforms of the Gracchus brothers angered the senate, which saw them as a threat to its power.

  • The brothers and thousands of their followers were killed in waves of street violence set off by senators and their hired thugs.



Recruiting Armies in new ways

  • Recruiting Armies in new ways

  • 107 B.C., General Marius became consul

    • Recruited his armies by promising the rural poor that he would give them land if they swore an oath to HIM, not to Rome.
  • Result: This type of army was not in government control.

    • More power in the hands of the generals


Was given command of a war in Asia by the Senate

  • Was given command of a war in Asia by the Senate

  • He restored power to the Senate, and eliminated the power of people in assemblies.

    • Legacy= Seize power with an army


Built lavish mansions

  • Built lavish mansions

    • luxuries
  • Huge estates; called latifundia.

  • Those captured in war to work as slaves



The widespread use of slave labor= hurt small farmers

  • The widespread use of slave labor= hurt small farmers

    • Were unable to produce food as cheaply
  • The farmers’ problems :

    • huge quantities of grain pouring in from the conquered lands drove down grain prices.
    • Many farmers fell into debt and had to sell their land




What they did:

  • What they did:

  • landless farmers flocked to Rome and other cities looking for jobs.

  • There, they joined an already restless class of unemployed people. As the gap between rich and poor widened, angry mobs began to riot.

  • In addition, the new wealth led to increased corruption.






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