TüRKİye ekonomi kurumu



Yüklə 0,92 Mb.
səhifə4/18
tarix14.09.2018
ölçüsü0,92 Mb.
1   2   3   4   5   6   7   8   9   ...   18

03.09.2010 14:00-16:00 Workshop 6

Contributed Session 42 - Monetary Policy and Monetary Transmission Mechnanisms

Chair: AKIBA, Hiroya
An Empirical Analysis Of The Bank Lending Channel In Turkey

AKBOSTANCI, Elif (Middle East Technical University)

ÖZŞUCA, Ekin Ayşe (Middle East Technical University; Çankaya University)
Optimal Monetary Policy under Sectoral Heterogeneity in Inflation Persistence

ALP, Sevim Kösem (Central Bank of Turkey)


An Analysis of The Cost Channel of Monetary Transmission Mechanism For Turkey

ERDOĞDU, Oya S. (Ankara University)


The Trade Credit Channel of Monetary Policy Transmission: Evidence from Non-financial Firms in Turkey

ÖZLÜ, Pınar (Central Bank of Turkey)

YALÇIN, Cihan (World Bank)

03.09.2010 14:00-16:00 Workshop 7

Seçilmiş Oturum 43 - Sektörel Analizler: Türkiye Örneği II

Oturum Başkanı: ERAKTAN, Gülcan
Küresel Ekonomik Kriz Sürecinde ve Sonrasında Türkiye’de Tarım Sektörünün Görünümü

DELLAL, İlkay (Ankara Üniversitesi)

ERAKTAN, Selahattin (Ankara Üniversitesi)

CEYLAN, Coşkun (Ankara Üniversitesi)

KESKİN, Gülşen (Tarımsal Ekonomi Araştırma Enstitüsü)
Türkiye’de Tarımsal Verimliliğin Belirleyenleri

GÖKOVALI, Ümmühan (Muğla Üniversitesi)

ŞENTÜRK, Bilge (Muğla Üniversitesi)
Tekstil ve Hazır Giyim Sektöründe Markalaşma ve İhracat performansı İlişkisi: Denizli Örneği

GÖKOVALI, Ümmühan (Muğla Üniversitesi)

TERZİOĞLU, Mustafa (Muğla Üniversitesi)
Türkiye İmalat Sanayiin İthalat Yapısı

SAYGILI, Şeref (Türkiye Cumhuriyet Merkez Bankası)

CİHAN, Cengiz (Türkiye Cumhuriyet Merkez Bankası)

YALÇIN, Cihan (Türkiye Cumhuriyet Merkez Bankası)

HAMSİCİ, Türknur (Türkiye Cumhuriyet Merkez Bankası)

03.09.2010 16:30-18:30 Discuss

Invited Session - Business Cycle, Productivity, Trade, and Investment

Business Cycles and Corruption

GÖKÇEKUŞ, Ömer (Seton Hall University)

SUZUKI, Yui (Seton Hall University)
Measuring World Productivity

FETHİ, Meryem Duygun (University of Leicester)

HAO, Jiaqi (Rice University)

ISAKSSON, Anders (UNIDO)

SICKLES, Robin C. (Rice University)
A Power through Trade? The European Union and Democracy Promotion in ACP States

NOTTEBAUM, Dennis (University of Münster)


Does Financial Development Increase the Rate of Investment?  

GÜNGÖR, Hasan (Eastern Mediterranean University)

BALCILAR, Mehmet (Eastern Mediterranean University)

ÇİFTÇİOĞLU, Serhan (Eastern Mediterranean University)



03.09.2010 16:30-18:30 Workshop 3

Contributed Session 44 - Technological Change and Innovation

Chair: TURNOVSKY, Stephen J.
The Governance-Based Use And The Effects Of Information Technologies On Public And Private Sector Institutions In The EU And Turkey

ALTUN, Ayşen (Dumlupınar University)

ATALAY, Ceren Giderler (Dumlupınar University)
Technological Convergence as a Rationale for Mergers

KARAASLAN, Mehmet Emin (Işık University)


The Effect of Costs of Product and Process Innovation on Market Structure

ŞAHİN, Serçin (Yıldız Technical University)

DONDURAN, Murat (Yıldız Technical University)
R&D Activities, Innovation and Efficiency of R&D Process: A Case of Turkey

TÖNGÜR, Ünal (Middle East Technical University)



03.09.2010 16:30-18:30 Workshop 4

Contributed Session 45 - Financial Systems and Banking II

Chair: DEMİRALP, Selva
Do Turkish Commercial Banks Dominate Turkey’s Capital Markets?

ÇAVUŞ, Salim (Marmara University)

KARAKAŞ, Derya Gültekin (Istanbul Technical University)
Lifting the Veil on Islamic Banking: A Comparative Analysis between the Commercial and Islamic Banks in Turkey

DEMİRALP, Selva (Koç University)

DEMİRALP, Seda (Işık University)
Mergers and Acquisitions in Turkish Banking Industry: An Empirical Investigation

DONDURAN, Murat (Yıldız Technical University)


The Link between Financial Liberalization and Banking Crises

GANİOĞLU, Aytül (Central Bank of Turkey)



03.09.2010 16:30-18:30 Workshop 5

Contributed Session 46 - Financial Crises and Financial Regulation

Chair: ROSA, Carlo
The 2007-2009 Crisis: Facts, Policies and Theories: A Review

MORO, Beniamino (University of Cagliari)


Do We Need to Rewrite Financial Regulation?

ÇANAKÇI, Demet (Central Bank of Turkey)


A Decade After International Financial Crisis in Asian Tigers, Hong Kong, The Latin American Countries , Russia and Turkey

GAZİOĞLU, Şaziye (Middle East Technical University)

BAŞDAŞ, Ülkem (Middle East Technical University)
Real Business Cycles in Turkey?

TAŞTAN, Hüseyin (Yıldız Technical University)



03.09.2010 16:30-18:30 Workshop 6

Seçilmiş Oturum 47 - Küreselleşme ve Krizler II

Oturum Başkanı: KARAKAYALI, Hüseyin
Küreselleşmenin Dönüm Noktasındaki Yüzyılın Paradoksu: Washington Uzlaşısı Sona Ererken

AZER, Özlem Arzu (Arel Üniversitesi)

HAVA, Hüseyin Tamer (Türk Hava Kuvvetleri)
Küresel Finansal Krizden Alınan Dersler: Denetim Üçlemesi

BOZKUŞ, Sezer (KPMG)


Uluslararası Likidite ve Dış Borçların Sürdürülebilirliliği: Türkiye üzerine bir Uygulama

KAHYAOĞLU, Hakan (Dokuz Eylül Üniversitesi)

UTKULU, Utku (Dokuz Eylül Üniversitesi)
Krizler, Ekonomik İyileşme ve Dış Ticaret Gelişmeleri: 1994, 2001 ve 2008 Krizlerinin Türkiye Ekonomisindeki Etkileri Üzerine Karşılaştırmalı Bir Analiz

ÜZÜMCÜ, Adem (Kafkas Üniversitesi)



ÖZETLER

ABSTRACTS

1 Eylül, Çarşamba Wednesday, September 1

Plenary Session Academia

A Tale of Two Economies from a Demographic Perspective

AOKI, Masahiko (Stanford University; President, International Economic Association)

This year Japan and China are competing for the position of the second largest economy in terms of GNP. Usually discussions of national competitiveness and the global “imbalance” focus on the substitutability of tradable goods produced by different economies. This speech instead focuses on possible complementarities between what the two economies can offer to each other’s national economic agenda. It discusses implications of different phases of demographic change of the two economies to the sustainable growth of per capita income (net of external social costs).

1 Eylül, Çarşamba Wednesday, September 1

Plenary Session Academia

Liquidity Booms and Busts
CALVO, Guillermo (Columbia University; Former President, International Economic Association)
gc2286@columbia.edu>
The lecture will start by asking whether standard fundamentals are no longer critical for making more or less likely that an economy undergoes financial crisis. The relevance of the question will be illustrated by reference to the 1998 Russian crisis and the collapse of Lehman Brothers, ten years after. The lecture will then move on to discuss a factor that has been largely ignored in mainstream macroeconomic models as a major cause of disturbances, namely, liquidity. It will be argued that liquidity should be included in the set of fundamentals, and that it may help to further understand the mechanics of financial crises. In the run up to the subprime crisis, for example, liquid assets were created by the private sector through mortgages’ securitization. These instruments and associated financial derivatives have been a major factor behind the ensuing crisis. It will be shown, in the context of a simple model, that liquidity creation and destruction have the potential of generating bubbles and contributing to their demise. The model will be used to study the effects of monetary policy. It will be shown that low policy interest rates may contribute to the generation of price bubbles and to the creation of new liquid private sector assets – and that liquidity booms and busts are bound to have severe effects on the credit market, e.g., Sudden Stops. The lecture will be closed with some remarks about inter alia the pros and cons of a global central bank, IMF and Fed liquidity facilities and swaps – and the role of controls on capital flows and reserve accumulation to lower the probability of unsustainable bubbles in emerging market economies.

1 Eylül, Çarşamba Wednesday, September 1

Invited Lecture Discuss

The Distributional Consequences of Foreign Transfers: Do they Reduce or Exacerbate Inequality?
BOUZA-TEKİN, Serpil (University of Washington)

TURNOVSKY, Stephen J. (University of Washington)

This paper studies the impact of foreign transfers on the recipient country’s aggregate economic performance, as well as its distribution of wealth and income, within a dynamic two-sector dependent economy framework. The transfers may take the form of a pure flow of resources, devoted to debt reduction, or alternatively they may be allocated to the productivity enhancement of the traded or nontraded sector, via investment in the sector’s infrastructure. The effect of the transfer on aggregate economic performance depends crucially upon: (i) the relative capital intensities of the two productive sectors, and (ii) the allocation of the transfers across the sectors. The consequences for wealth and income inequality depend not only upon these two factors, but also upon (iii) the economy’s access to the world financial market. Most of the analysis is conducted using numerical simulations, where we characterize the dynamic evolution of both the aggregate economy and wealth/income inequality. Whether growth and inequality are positively or negatively associated over time depends upon the three factors noted above. In this regard, the analysis can be reconciled with the contrasting range of empirical evidence.

1 Eylül, Çarşamba Wednesday, September 1

Invited Lecture Discuss

Innovation, Technological Change and Europe 2020

PAGANETTO, Luigi (University of Rome “Tor Vergata”; Secretary General, International Economic Association)



<luigi.paganetto@uniroma2.it>
Innovation is far from any definition generally accepted. The Oslo manual defines four types of innovation: product, process, marketing and organizational innovation. Many indicators are commonly used to compare the different aspects of innovation: technological and non technological aspects, the innovation in inputs and in output. To analyse and measure the innovation activity becomes, in this case, a key point for judging how much an economy is well functioning, without exclusively looking to a strict causality from innovation to productivity The implication, obviously, is not to deny the importance of total factor productivity as a crucial determinant of economic growth and the role of innovation in achieving productivity gains, but to enlarge the definition of innovation to include the creative activity as the core of entrepreneurship.

The R&D investment in innovation is the most common mode to measure innovating activity of firms. The European Innovation Scoreboard (2009) recognize, nevertheless, that R&D investment is not the only method of innovating; creativity and design are also considered important.



1 Eylül, Çarşamba Wednesday, September 1

Invited Session-Financial Cycles and Central Bank Communication Consensus

Financial Cycles: What? How? When?

KÖSE, Ayhan (International Monetary Fund)

This paper provides a comprehensive analysis of financial cycles using a large database of more than 750 financial cycles in 21 advanced countries over the period 1960:1-2009:4. Specifically, we analyze cycles in credit, house prices, equity prices, and exchange rates. We report three main results. First, financial cycles tend to be long and severe, especially cycles in housing and equity markets. Second, financial cycles are highly synchronized within countries, particularly credit and house price cycles. The extent of synchronization of financial cycles across countries is high, mainly in the case of credit and equity cycles, and has been increasing over time. Third, financial cycles feed off of each other and become amplified, especially during downturns of credit and housing markets. Moreover, globally synchronized downturns tend to be associated with prolonged and more costly episodes, especially in the case of credit and equity cycles. In light of these findings, we examine the duration and amplitude of financial disruptions of the past two years.

1 Eylül, Çarşamba Wednesday, September 1

Invited Session-Financial Cycles and Central Bank Communication Consensus

The High-Frequency Response of Exchange Rates to Monetary Policy Actions and Statements

ROSA, Carlo (University of Essex; CORE)

This paper investigates the impact of U.S. monetary policy on the level and volatility of exchange rates using an event study with intraday data for five currencies (the U.S. dollar exchange rate versus the euro, the Canadian dollar, the British pound, the Swiss franc, and the Japanese yen).

I construct two indicators of news about monetary policy stemming separately from policy decisions and from balance of risk statements. Estimation results show that both policy decisions and communication have economically large and highly significant effects on the exchange rates, with the surprise component of statements accounting for most of the explainable variation in exchange rate returns in response to monetary policy. This paper also shows that exchange rates tend to absorb FOMC monetary surprises within 30-40 minutes from the announcement release.



1 Eylül, Çarşamba Wednesday, September 1

Invited Session-Financial Cycles and Central Bank Communication Consensus

Central Bank Communication in Turkey

DEMİRALP, Selva (Koç University)

KARA, Hakan (Central Bank of Turkey)

ÖZLÜ, Pınar (Central Bank of Turkey)

Since the early 1990s, the conduct of monetary policy has shifted all across the globe from secrecy towards more transparency. The main reason behind this global trend was the increasing understanding that transparency can improve the effectiveness of policy (see Woodford, 2003). Nowadays, most central banks use short-term interest rates as their main operational instrument. However, short-term rates hardly matter for the broader objectives of the central banks such as future inflation or economic activity. Communication emerges as a natural bridge in this respect, which enables central banks to steer private sector expectations about their future actions and determine the entire path of the yield curve. In turn, long-term rates affect private sector consumption and investment decisions.

Following the rising role of communication in central banking, the academic literature explored this topic extensively over the last fifteen years (see Blinder et al., forthcoming, and the references therein). Central bank communication takes two main forms. The first one is communication through policy announcements that are released after monetary policy committee meetings (which are generally scheduled based on a pre-determined calendar) and the second one is communication during the inter-meeting period through speeches by the committee members or releases of periodic reports. While the majority of the literature focused on central bank communication during the intermeeting period (see e.g. Ehrmann and Fratzcher, 2007a, 2007b; Reeves and Sawicki, 2007; Rozkurt et al., 2007; central bank communication via policy decision announcements has also been investigated (see e.g. Kohn and Sack, 2004; Rozkurt et al., 2007). The primary reason for the uneven distribution of these studies between those that focus on the inter-meeting period versus those that study announcements after policy meetings is the difficulty in quantifying policy statements. For this reason, even those studies that study policy statements after meetings (cited above) refrain from extracting the intention of the policy statements. Instead of analyzing whether markets respond in accordance with the directional intent of a statement, these studies focus on the impact of these statements on the volatility of financial variables.

The Central Bank of Turkey (CBT) began implementing “implicit inflation targeting” in 2002. Full-fledged inflation targeting policy was adopted at the beginning of 2006. The inflation report and the minutes of the Monetary Policy Committee (MPC) Meetings became main tools of monetary policy communication. CBT’s announcement of the policy objectives and assessment of the economic conditions are now closely monitored by the market-participants. During the period from 2001 through 2004, the policy decision dates were not pre-announced: Decisions on short-term interest rates were taken on any business-day. The monetary policy decision-making processes became more institutionalized and transparent during the 2005-2006 period. Meeting dates of the MPC are announced to the public in advance since 2005.

This paper attempts to quantify the communication of monetary policy regarding future policy rates and to evaluate the impact of the communication on the yield curve. The study contributes to the growing literature on central bank communication in an important way by quantifying the information embedded in policy statements released after the rate decisions. Assigning a direction to each statement is crucial because it enables us to evaluate whether the markets moved in the “right” direction following the statement as opposed to simply checking whether the markets responded in one way or another. In this respect, we construct a unique database of the CBT’s written statements. The statements include policy statements that accompany interest rate decisions.

Clearly, there are other forms of written or verbal communication tools available such as monthly inflation reports and monthly price developments reports or speeches by the governor. However, we restrict our attention to those written statements that accompany policy decisions. Quantifying the information content of such statements is clearly subjective. Our focus is to evaluate the relative success of the central bank in transmitting its intended signal. Therefore, at the first stage the statements are evaluated by experts at CBT. Dummy variables are created based on the information content of each statement, depending on the change in the policy stance as implied by the announcements, as well as the strength of the policy bias. At the second stage, we test how well these signals are received by market participants.

Our paper is the first study that evaluates the relative efficiency of central bank policy statements. We examine whether central bank communication affects expectations of future decisions in the desired direction via its repercussions on the yield curve. We also investigate to what extent the predictability of monetary policy decisions has been influenced by central bank communication.



1 Eylül, Çarşamba Wednesday, September 1

Contributed Session 1-Poverty and Income Distribution Workshop 3

The Contributions Of Higher Education To The Regional Development: The Case Of Turkey

DEĞİRMENCİ, Serkan (Istanbul Technical University) sdegirmenci@itu.edu.tr



The structures and the performances of regional labor markets in Turkey do appear to vary discernibly. Some regions suffer from high unemployment rates, but some of them provide job seekers more employment opportunities. The sectoral decompositions of employed population in the regions also differ visibly. While employment still heavily depends on the agricultural activities in some regions, industrial or commercial activities are more dominant in some others. Therefore, these disparities not only distort the countrywide income distribution and but also lead to unbalanced development among regions. To tackle with these problems, governments initiate some regional policies. Increasing the number of local state universities within regions is one of these policies implemented in recent years in Turkey. Regarding this policy, this paper aims to explore the contributions of higher education to the regional development. To do this end, special emphasize is devoted to the interactions between regional labor markets and higher education institutions. This research paper brings a new perspective and presents a comprehensive survey for the performances of regional labor markets in Turkey. Since the number of new local state universities has been increased strikingly and become widespread in recent years in Turkey, their effects on local labor markets are expected to be instructive to identify the labor-augmenting roles of higher education on the regional development. In this sense, these new local state universities provide a natural experiment setting for the empirical analyses done. The main research question of this paper is whether higher education institutions alter the performances of regional labor markets in Turkey. To explore this question, two hypotheses are tested. First one is whether the establishments of new local state universities provoke more employment opportunities and encourage the participation of working age population in the lagging regions where they have settled in. Second one is whether the presence versus the quality of a local state university does more account for the improvements of regional labor markets. To test these two hypotheses, cross-sectional data and analyses are employed. More specifically, logit regression analyses are used along the study. The data sets used in the analyses of this study are from two sources. First one is from the Household Labor Force Survey (HLFS) micro data of Turkish Statistical Institute (TURKSTAT). These micro data sets have been collected from households in ILO standards since 1988. For the purposes of the analyses done, HLFS micro data of five years between 2004 and 2008 are used. Second data set is from the Student Selection and Placement Center for the same years. This center is responsible for a centrally administered examination system implemented once a year to select and place the students for undergraduate programs of universities in Turkey. The data retrieved from this source consist of the results of this centrally administered examination and these results give non-negligible signals for the qualities of universities. The ranking of universities depending on the selection preferences of students gives an opportunity to construct a quality index for the universities. Some pre-determined quality thresholds are assigned for that measure, and so a classification is made depending on the qualities of these new local state universities. According to the preliminary results of this paper, it seems that the establishments of new local state universities slightly alter the performances of regional labor markets in a positive way. However, when the samples are reduced to the regions have universities with higher quality indices than pre-determined thresholds, the performances of regional labor market (such as encouraging participation and creating employment) increase significantly. Depending on these preliminary results, the analyses in this paper suggest the policies for establishing local state universities should not only aim to graduate students regularly, but also should aim to contribute the development of the region it has been settled in via the labor market channel. JEL codes: R11, J22



Dostları ilə paylaş:
1   2   3   4   5   6   7   8   9   ...   18


Verilənlər bazası müəlliflik hüququ ilə müdafiə olunur ©genderi.org 2019
rəhbərliyinə müraciət

    Ana səhifə