A, ab (+abl) away from, from ab ovo from the egg (beginning) abeo, abire, abii, abitus



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Latin 3 Vocabulary

A

a, ab (+abl) away from, from

ab ovo from the egg (beginning)

abeo, abire, abii, abitus to go away

abhinc ago

absum, abesse, afui to be away, be absent

ac and

accedo, accedere, accessi, accessus to approach

accendo, accendere, accendi, accensus to set fire to

accidit it happens

accido, accidere, accidi to happen

accipio, accipere, accepi, acceptus to receive, accept, welcome

acer, acris, acre sharp, fierce

acies, aciei, f battle-line, edge

ad (+acc) to, towards, at

ad hoc for this purpose

ad hominem personal attack

ad libitum (ad lib) according to pleasure

ad nauseam to the point of sickness

ad valorem according to value

adeo, adire, adii, aditus to go towards

adfero, afferre, attuli, allatus to bring to

adhuc still

adiuvo, adiuvare, adiuvi, adiutus to help

administro, administrare, administravi, administratus to mangage

adsum, adesse, adfui to be present, be here

adulescens, adulescentis, m young man

advenio, advenire, advēni, adventus to arrive

adventus, adventus, m arrival

adversus, adversa, adversum facing, opposite, contrary, against

advocatus, advocati, m lawyer

aedes, aedis, f temple, (pl) house

aedificium, aedificii, n building

aedifico, aedificare, aedificavi, aedificatus to build

aeger, aegra, aegrum sick

aeque equally, fairly

aequus, aequa, aequum even, equal, fair

aestas, aestatis, f summer

aetas, aetatis, f age, time, life

age! / agite! come on!

ager, agri, m field

agmen, agminis, n marching-column

agnus, agni, m lamb

ago, agere, egi, actus to do, drive, spend (time)

agricola, agricolae, m farmer

aio to say

alibi elsewhere

alii…alii some…others

aliquem certiorem facio to inform someone

aliquis, aliquis, aliquid someone, something

alius one, another

alius…alius one…another

alma mater school graduated from

alter ego another I

alter, altera, alterum one, another (of two)

altus, alta, altum high, deep

alumna female graduate

alumnus male graduate

ambulō, ambulare, ambulavi, ambulatus to walk

amicitia, amicitiae, f friendship

amicus, amici, m friend

amitto, amittere, amisi, amissus to lose, send away

amō, amare, amavi, amatus to love, like

amor, amoris, m love

amphora, amphorae, f wine-jar, ceramic-container

ancilla, ancillae, f slave-woman, maid

animus, animi, m heart, mind, soul

anno domini (A.D.) in the year of the Lord

annuit coeptis (Providence) favors our undertakings

annus, anni, m year

ante (+acc) before, in front of

ante bellum before the (civil) war

ante meridiem (AM) before noon

antea (adv) before

antequam (conj) before

antequam (conj) before

antiquus, antiqua, antiquum old, ancient

anulus, anuli, m ring

anxietas, anxietatis, f anxiety

anxius, anxia, anxium worried

aper, apri, m boar, wild pig

aperio, aperire, aperui, apertus to open, reveal

apertus, aperta, apertum open

apis, apis, f bee

apodyterium, apodyterii, n changing room

appareo, apparere, apparui, apparetus to appear, be visible

appello, appellare, appellavi, appellatus to name, call

appropinquo, appropinquare, appropinquavi, appropinquatus (+dat) to approach

apud (+acc) next to, together with

aqua, aquae, f water

aquila, aquilae, m eagle

aranea, araneae, f spider

arbitror, arbitrari, arbitratus sum to think

arbor, arboris, f tree

arcesso, arcessere, arcessivi, arcessitus to summon

architectus, architecti, m architect

arcus, arcus, m bow, arch

ardeo, ardere, arsi, arsus to be on fire, burn

area, areae, f open space, courtyard

area, areae, f open space, courtyard

argentarius, argentarii, m banker

argentum, argenti, n silver, money

aries, arietis, m ram

arma, armorum, npl weapons

armatus, armata, armatum armed

ars gratia artis art for the sake of art

ars, artis, f skill, art

artus, artūs, m joint, (pl) limbs

ascendo, ascendere, ascendi, ascensus to climb up

asinus, asini, m donkey, ass

astrologus, astrologi, m astrologer

at but

atque and

atrium, atrium, n atrium, central hall

attonitus, attonita, attonitum astonished

auctor, auctoris, m author, originator

auctoritas, auctoritatis, f influence, authority

audacia, audaciae, f boldness

audax, audax, audax (G audacis) bold

audiō, audire, audivi, auditus to hear, listen to

augeo, augere, auxi, auctus to increase

aula, aulae, f palace

aura, aurae, f breeze, air

auriga, aurigae, m chariot driver

auris, auris, f ear

aurum, auri, n gold

aut or

aut...aut either...or

autem moreover, however, but

auxilium, auxilii, n help, aid

avis, avis, f bird
B

balnea, balneorum, npl baths, bathhouse

barba, barbae, f beard

barbarus, barbara, barbarum foreign, uncivilized

basilica, basilicae, f law-court, public building

beatus, beata, beatum happy, blessed

bellum gero to wage war

bellum, belli, n war

bene well

beneficium, beneficii, n favor, kindness

benignus, benigna, benignum kind

bibo, bibere, bibi to drink

bis twice

bona fide genuine

bona, bonorum, npl goods, possessions

bonus, bona, bonum good

bos, bovis, m/f ox, cow, cattle

bracchium, bracchii, n arm

brevi tempore in short while

brevis, brevis, breve short, brief

bubo, bubonis, m owl
C

cado, cadere, cecidi, casus to fall

caedes, caedis, f slaughter, bloodshed

caedo, caedere, cecīdi, caesus to cut, murder

caelum, caeli, n sky, heaven

calidarium, calidarii, n room with hot bath

campus, campi, m plain, field

cancer, cancri, m crab

candidatus, candidati, m candidate

candidus, candida, candidum bright-white

canis, canis, m dog

cano, canere, cecini, cantus to sing

capilli, capillorum, mpl hairs

capiō, capere, cepi, captus to capture, take

captivus, captivi, m prisoner, captive

caput, capitis, n head

careo, carere, carui (+abl) to lack, be without (+abl)

carmen, carminis, n song, poem

carnifex, carnificis, m executioner

carpe diem seize the day

carrus, carri, m cart

carus, cara, carum dear

casa, casae, f hut, small house

castra, castrorum, npl camp, fort

casus belli cause of war

casus, casus, m fall, misfortune, chance, accident

caupo, cauponis, m innkeeper

caupona, cauponae, f inn

causa, causae, f cause, reason

cautus, cauta, cautum cautious

cave canem Beware of the dog!

caveat emptor let the buyer beware

caveo, cavere, cavi, cautus to beware

cedo, cedere, cessi, cessus to yield, give way to

celer, celeris, celere quick, fast

celeritas, celeritatis, f speed, quickness

celeriter quickly

celo, celare, celavi, celatus to hide

cena, cenae, f dinner

cēnō, cenare, cenavi, cenatus to dine

centum one hundred

centurio, centurionis, m centurion

cerebrum, cerebri, n brain

certamen, certaminis, n struggle, contest

certus, certa, certum certain

cerva, cervae, f deer

cervix, cervicis, f neck

cervus, cervi, m stag

cesso, cessare, cessavi, cessatus to be idle, delay

ceteri, ceterae, cetera the others, the rest

chorus, chori, m chorus, dance, dance troop

cibus, cibi, m food

circum (+acc) around

circumspecto, circumspectare, circumspectavi, circumspectatus to look around

circumvenio, circumvenire, circumveni, circumventus to surround

civilis, civilis, civile civil, of the citizens

civis, civis, m citizen

civitas, civitatis, f state, citizenship

clades, cladis, f disaster, destruction

clam secretly

clamo, clamare, clamavi, clamatus to shout

clamor, clamoris, m shout, noise

clarus, clara, clarum clear, bright, famous

classis, classis, f fleet

claudo, claudere, clausi, clausus to shut, close

cliens, clientis, m client, follower, supporter

coepi, coepisse, coeptus to have begun, began

cogito, cogitare, cogitavi, cogitatus to think

cognosco, cognoscere, cognovi, cognotus to learn

cogo, cogere, coegi, coactus to force

cohors, cohortis, f cohort, regiment, escort

colligo, colligere, collegi, collectus to gather, collect

collis, collis, m hill

collum, colli, n neck

colo, colere, colui, cultus to cultivate, worship

colonus, coloni, m farmer

columba, columbae, f dove

coma, comae, f hair (of the head)

comes, comitis, m comrade, companion

comitia, comitiorum, npl elections

comitium, comitii, n assembly

committo, committere, commisi, commissus to entrust, join

commotus, commota, commotum upset, moved

comparo, compare, comparavi, comparatus to obtain

compleo, complere, complevi, completus to fill up, complete

compleo, complere, complevi, completus to fill up, complete

condo, condere, condidi, conditus to found, establish

confectus, confecta, confectum finished, exhausted

conficio, conficere, confeci, confectus to complete, finish

confido, confidere, confisus sum (+dat) to trust

confido, confidere, confisus sum (+dat) to trust (a dat person)

confido, confidere, confisus sum (+dat) to trust (a dat person)

conicio, conicere, conieci, coniectus to hurl

coniungo, coniungere, coniunxi, coniunctus to join together

conor, conari, conatus sum to try

conscendo, conscendere, conscendi, conscensus to climb aboard

consilium, consilii, n plan, idea, advice

consisto, consistere, constiti to stand still, stop

consolor, consolari, consolatus sum to comfort

conspectus, conspectus, m sight, view

conspicio, conspicere, conspexi, conspectus to catch sight of, notice

constituo, constituere, constitui, constitutus to set up, decide

consul, consulis, m consul

consul, consulis, m consul

consulo, consulere, consului, consultus to consult

consumo, consumere, consumpsi, consumptus to eat

contendo, contendere, contendi, contentus to hasten, march, struggle

contentus, contenta, contentum content, satisfied

contineo, continere, continui, contentus to keep together

contineo, continere, continui, contentus to keep together

continuo immediately

contra (+acc) against

convenio, convenire, conveni, conventus to come together, gather

convoco, convocare, convocavi, convocatus to call together

copia, copiae, f abundance

copiae, copiarum, fpl troops

coquo, coquere, coxi, coctus to cook

coquus, coqui, m cook

cor, cordis, n heart

cornu, cornus, n horn, wing (of army)

cornucopia horn of plenty

corpus delicti basic element of a crime

corpus delicti basic element of a crime

corpus, corporis, n body

corripio, corripere, corripui, correptus to seize, steal

cotidie everyday, daily

cras tomorrow

credo, credere, credidi, creditus (+dat) to believe, trust

cresco, crescere, crevi, cretus to increase, grow

crinis, crinis, f hair

crudelis, crudelis, crudele cruel

crus, cruris, n leg

cubiculum, cubiculi, n bedroom

culina, culinae, f kitchen

culpa, culpae, f fault, blame

culpa, culpae, f fault, blame

cum (+abl) with

cum grano salis with a grain of salt

cum grano salis with a grain of salt

cum laude with honor

cum primum as soon as possible

cum when (conj)

cunctus, cunta, cuntum all, entire

cunctus, cunta, cuntum all, entire

cupiditas, cupiditatis, f desire, greed

cupio, cupere, cupivi, cupitus to wish, desire

cur? why?

cura, curae, f care, worry

Curia, Curiae, f Senate House

curo, curare, curavi, curatus to look after, care about

curriculum vitae (CV) course of life

curro, currere, cucurri, cursus to run

currus, curri, m chariot

cursus, cursus, m running, course

custodio, custodire, custodivi, custoditus to guard

custos, custodis, m guard

custos, custodis, m guard

cutis, cutis, f skin
D

de (+abl) down from, about

de facto in fact, in reality

de iure by law

de novo anew

dea, deae, f goddess

debeo, debere, debui, debitus to ought, owe

decem ten

decem ten

decimus, decima, decimum tenth

dedo, dedere, dedidi, deditus to give up, surrender

defendo, defendere, defendi, defensus to defend

defessus, defessa, defessum tired

deinde then, next

delecto, delectare, delectavi, delectatus to please, delight

deleo, delere, delevi, deletus to destroy

delphinus, delphini, m dolphin

demonstro, demonstrare, domenstravi, demonstratus to show

denarius, denarii, m silver coin

denique finally, at last

dens, dentis, m tooth

depono, deponere, deposui, depositus to put down

descendo, descendere, descendi, descensus to climb down

descendo, descendere, descendi, descensus to climb down

desino, desinere, desii, desitus to cease, abandon

despero, desperare, desperavi, desperatus to despair

despicio, despicere, despexi, despectus to look down on

despicio, despicere, despexi, despectus to look down on

desum, deesse, defui (+dat) to fail, be lacking

desum, deesse, defui (+dat) to fail, be lacking

deus ex machina artificial resolution to situation

deus, dei, m god

dexter, dextra, dextrum right

dextrā on the right hand side

Di Immortales O Immortal Gods!

dico, dicere, dixi, dictus to speak, say

dictator, dictatoris, m dictator

dies, diei, m/f day

difficilis, difficilis, difficile difficult

digitus, digiti, m finger, toe

dignus, digna, dignum (+abl) worthy (of)

diligenter carefully

diligentia, diligentiae, f care

dimitto, dimittere, dimisi, dimissus to send away

discedo, discedere, discessi, discessus to leave, depart

disciplina, disciplinae, f training, discipline

discipulus, discipuli, m student

disco, discere, didici to learn

dissero, disserere, disserui, dissertus to discuss

dissimilis, dissimilis, dissimile (+gen) unlike

diu for a long time

dives, dives, dives (G divitis) rich

divido, dividere, divisi, divisus to divide

divinus, divina, divinum divine

divitiae, divitiarum, fpl wealth, riches

do, dare, dedi, datus to give

doceo, docere, docui, doctus to teach

doctus, docta, doctum learned

doleo, dolere, dolui to feel pain, grieve for

dolor, doloris, m pain, grief

domina, dominae, f mistress, lady

dominus, domini, m master, lord

domus, domus, f home

donec until

donum, doni, n gift

dormio, dormire, dormivi, dormitus to sleep

draco, draconis, m dragon

dubito, dubitare, dubitavi, dubitatus to doubt, hesitate

dubium, dubii, n doubt

dubius, dubia, dubium doubtful

dūcō, ducere, duxi, ductus to lead

dulcis, dulcis, dulce sweet

dum while, until

duo two

duo, duo, duae two

duodecim twelve

duodeviginti eighteen

durus, dura, durum harsh, hard

durus, dura, durum harsh, hard

dux, ducis, m leader
E

e pluribus unum one from many

e, ex (+abl) out from, from

eam her, it

eas, eos them

ecce! look!, behold!

edo, esse, edi, esus to eat

efficio, efficere, effeci, effectus to bring about, cause

ego I

egredior, egredi, egressus sum to go out

emeritus

emitto, emittere, emisi, emissus to send out

emo, emere, emi, emptus to buy

enim for

eo (adv) to there

eo, ire, ii, itus to go

epistula, epistulae, f letter

epulae, epularum, fpl banquet, feast

eques, equitis, m horseman

equites, equitum, mpl cavalry

equus, equi, m horse

ergo therefore, and so

eripio, eripere, eripui, ereptus to snatch away, rescue

eripio, eripere, eripui, ereptus to snatch away, rescue

erro, errare, erravi, erratus to wander, make a mistake

et and

et alia and other things

et cetera and the rest

Et tu, Brute! Even you, Brutus!

et...et both...and

etiam also, even

euge! terrific! good job!

eum him, it

evado, evadere, evasi, evasus to escape

everto, evertere, everti, eversus to overturn

evigilo, evigilare, evigilavi, evigilatus to wake up

ex libris from the library of

ex officio by right of office

ex officio by virtue of one's positionex post facto after the fact, retroactively

excito, excitare, excitavi, excitatus to wake (someone) up

exempli gratia for example

exemplum, exempli, n example

exeo, exire, exii, exitus to go out

exerceo, exercere, exercui, exercitus to train, exercise

exercitus, exercitus, m army

existimo, existimare, existimavi, existimatus to consider, think

exitium, exitii, n destruction, death

expello, expellere, expuli, expulsus to drive out

explico, explicare, explicavi, explicatus to explain

exspecto, exspectare, exspectavi, exspectatus to wait for

extra (+acc) outside, beyond
F

faber, fabri, m craftsman

fabula, fabulae, f story

facies, faciei, f face, appearance

facile easily

facilis, facilis, facile easy

facilitas, facilitatis, f ease

faciō, facere, feci, factus to make, do

fama, famae, f report, reputation

familia, familiae, f family

faveo, favere, favi, fautus (+dat) to favor

fax, facis, f torch

felis, felis, f cat

felix, felix, felix (G felicis) happy, lucky

femina, feminae, f woman

fenestra, fenestrae, f window

ferio, ferire to srike

fero, ferre, tuli, latus to bring, carry, bear

ferox, ferox, ferox (G ferocis) fierce

ferrum, ferri, n iron, sword

festina lente hurry slowly

festīnō, festinare, festinavi, festinatus to hurry

fidelis, fidelis, fidele faithful, loyal

fides, fidei, f trust, faith

filia, filiae, f daughter

filius, filii, m son

fines, finium, mpl territory

finis, finis, m end, border

fio, fieri, factus sum to become, come to be

flamma, flammae, f flame

fleo, flere, flevi, fletus to cry

flos, floris, m flower

flumen, fluminis, n river

foedus, foederis, n treaty

forma, formae, f shape, beauty

forte by chance

fortis, fortis, forte brave, strong

fortiter bravely

fortuna, fortunae, f fortune, luck

forum, forum, n forum, market place, town center

fossa, fossae, f ditch

fractus, fracta, fractum broken

fragor, fragoris, m crash, noise

frango, frangere, fregi, fractus to break

frater, fratris, m brother

frigidarium, frigidarii, n room with cold pool

frons, frontis, m forehead

frumentum, frumenti, n grain

frustra in vain

fuga, fugae, f flight, escape

fugio, fugere, fugi, fugitus to flee

fumus, fumi, m smoke

fur, furis, m thief

furcifer, furciferi, m rascal, scoundrel

furtim secretly, stealthily

fustis, fustis, m club
G

gaudeo, gaudere, gavisus sum to rejoice

gemo, gemere, gemui, gemitus to groan, make a noise

gens, gentis, f family, race, tribe, people, nation

genu, genus, n knee

genus, generis, n sort, kind, race

gero, gerere, gessi, gestus to carry, wear, conduct, wage (war)

gladius, gladii, m sword

gloria, gloriae, f glory

gradior, gradi, gressus sum to step, go

gradus, gradus, m step

gradus, gradus, m step

Graecus, Graeci, m Greek

gratia, gratiae, f gratitude, (pl) thanks

gratus, grata, gratum pleasing, grateful

gravis, gravis, grave heavy, serious

gravitas, gravitatis, f weight, importance

gremium, gremii, n lap, bosom

grex, gregis, m flock, herd

gubernator, gubernatoris, m helmsmen

gusto, gustare, gustavi, gustatus to taste
H

habeas corpus you should have the body

habeo, habere, habui, habitus to have, hold

habito, habitare, habitavi, habitatus to live in, dwell

haereo, haerere, haesi to stick

haruspex, haruspicis, m soothsayer

hasta, hastae, f spear

haud not at all

heri yesterday

hic here

hic, haec, hoc this, these

hiems, hiemis, f winter

hilaris, hilaris, hilare cheerful

hodie today

homo, hominis, m man, human

honestus, honesta, honestum honorable

hora, horae, f hour

hortus, horti, m garden

hospes, hospitis, m guest, host, stranger

hostis, hostis, m enemy

huc to here

huc … illuc here and there, this way … that way

humanus, humana, humanum human, civilized

humilis, humilis, humile humble, low down

humus, humi, f ground
I

iaceo, iacere, iacui, iacitus to lie down

iacio, iacere, ieci, iactus to throw

iam now, already

ianitor, ianitoris, m doorkeeper

ianua, ianuae, f door

ibi there

ibidem (ibid) in the same place

id est that is

idem, eadem, idem the same

igitur therefore

ignavus, ignava, ignavum lazy, cowardly

ignavus, ignava, ignavum lazy, cowardly

ignis, ignis, m fire

ignotus, ignota, ignotum unknown

illa she (after a subject change)

ille he (after a subject change)

ille, illa, illud that, those

immineo, imminere, imminui, imminutus (+dat) to hang over, threaten

immortalis, immortalis, immortale immortal

impedio, impedire, impedivi, impeditus to hinder, block

imperator, imperatoris, m general, emperor

imperium Romanum Roman Empire

imperium, imperii, n order, power, empire

impero, imperare, imperavi, imperatus (+dat) to order, command

impetus, impetus, m attack, force

impius, impia, impium wicked, impious

in (+abl) in, on

in (+acc) into, onto

in absentia in one's absence

in extremis at the point of death

in utero unborn

in vitro in a glass (test tube)

incendo, incendere, incendi, incensus to set on fire

incendo, incendere, incendi, incensus to set on fire

incipio, incipere, incepi, inceptus to begin

incito, incitare, incitavi, incitatus to urge on

incito, incitare, incitavi, incitatus to urge on

incola, incolae, m inhabitant

incola, incolae, m inhabitant

incolumis, incolumis, incolume safe, unharmed

inde then, from there

induo, induere, indui, indutus to put on, clothe

ineo, inire, inii, initus to go into

infans, infantis, m/f baby

infelix, infelix, infelix (G infelicis) unhappy, unlucky

ingeniosus, ingeniosa, ingeniosum clever, talented

ingenium, ingenii, n character, talent

ingens, ingens, ingens (G ingentis) huge

ingredior, ingredi, ingressus sum to enter

inimicus, inimica, inimicum hostile

initium, initii, n beginning

iniuria, iniuriae, f injury, injustice

inquit he/she says

insidiae, insidiarum, fpl ambush, trap

insignis, insignis, insigne distinguished, remarkable

instruo, intruere, instruxi, instructus to set up, establish, train

instruo, intruere, instruxi, instructus to set up, establish, train

insula, insulae, f island, apartment building

insum, inesse, infui to be in, be among

intellego, intellegere, intellexi, intellectus to know, understand

inter (+acc) among, between

interea meanwhile

interficio, interficere, interfeci, interfectus to kill

interim meanwhile

intersum, interesse, interfui to be among, take part in

intra (+acc) within, inside

intra (+acc) within, inside

intrō, intrare, intravi, intratus to enter

invenio, invenire, inveni, inventus to find

invideo, invidere, invidi, invisus (+dat) to envy

invitus, invita, invitum unwilling

ipse, ipsa, ipsum ---self, very

ipso facto by that very fact

ira, irae, f anger

iratus, irata, iratum angry

is, ea, id he, she, it

iste, ista, istud that, that terrible

ita so, thus, in this way

ita vero! yes!

itaque therefore, and so

iter, itineris, n journey

iterum again

iubeo, iubere, iussi, iussus to order

iucundus, iucunda, iucundum pleasant, delightful

iudex, iudicis, m judge

iugulum, iuguli, n throat

iungo, iungere, iunxi, iunctus to join

Iuppiter, Iovis, m Jupiter

ius, iuris, n justice, right

iustus, iusta, iustum just, right

iuvenis, iuvenis, m young man

iuvō, iuvare, iuvi, iutus to help
L

labor, labi, lapsus sum to slip

labor, laboris, m work, hardship

labōrō, laborare, laboravi, laboratus to work

lacerta, lacertae, f lizard

lacrima, lacrimae, f tear

lacrimo, lacrimare, lacrimavi, lacrimatus to cry

laetus, laeta, laetum happy

lana, lanae, f wool

lanista, lanistae, m gladiator owner

lanius, lanii, m butcher

latus, lata, latum wide

latus, lateris, n side

laudō, laudare, laudavi, laudatus to praise

laus, laudis, f praise, honor

lavo, lavere, lavi, lautus to wash

lectus, lecti, m bed, couch

legatus legionis, m legion commander

legatus, legati, m officer, commander, envoy

legio, legionis, f legion

lego, legere, lēgi, lectus to read, choose, gather

leno, lenonis, m pimp

lente slowly

leo, leonis, m lion

lepus, leporis, m rabbit

levis, levis, leve light, unimportant

lex, legis, f law

libenter gladly

liber, libera, liberum free

liber, libri, m book

liberi, liberorum, mpl children

libero, liberare, liberavi, liberatus to free

libertas, libertatis, f freedom

libertus, liberti, m freedman, ex-slave

licet (+dat) it is permitted for (someone)

limen, liminis, n threshold, doorway

lingua, linguae, f tongue, language

littera, litterae, f letter (ABC)

litterae, litterarum, fpl literature

litus, litoris, n shore

locus, loci, m place

longe far

longus, longa, longum long

loquor, loqui, locutus sum to speak

luceo, lucere, luxi to shine

ludi, ludorum, mpl games

ludo, ludere, lusi, lusus to play

ludus, ludi, m school

lugeo, lugere, luxi, luctus to lament, mourn

lumen, luminis, n light

luna, lunae, f moon

lupa, lupae, f she-wolf

lupus, lupi, m wolf

lux, lucis, f light
M

magis more

magis more

magister, magistri, m master, teacher, captain

magna cum laude with great honor

magnopere greatly

magnus, magna, magnum big, large, great

magus, magi, m magician

maior, maior, maius greater, larger, older

mala, malorum, npl evils, troubles

male badly

malo, malle, malui to prefer

malus, mala, malum bad

mando, mandare, mandavi, mandatus to entrust

mane early, in the morning

maneo, manere, mansi, mansus to stay, remain

manus, manus, f hand, band (of men)

mare, maris, n sea

maritus, mariti, m husband

mater, matris, f mother

maximus, maxima, maximum greatest, largest

me me (Acc/Abl)

me gero I behave myself

me recipio to retreat

mea culpa my fault

medicus, medici, m doctor

medius, media, medium middle (of)

melior, melior, melius better

membrum, membri, n limb

memento mori remember that you die

memoria, memoriae, f memory

mens, mentis, f mind

mensa, mensae, f table

mensis, mensis, m month

mercator, mercatoris, m merchant

meretrix, meretricis, f prostitute

meridies, meridiei, f noon

meus, mea, meum my

mihi to/for me

miles, militis, m soldier

milia passuum miles

milia, miliorum, npl thousands

militaris, militaris, militare military, of the soldiers

milito, militare, militavi, militatus to campaign (as a soldier)

mille one thousand

mille passuum one mile

minime! no!

minimus, minima, minimum smallest, very small, least

minor, minor, minus lesser, smaller, younger

mirabile dictu amazing to say

miror, mirari, miratus sum to wonder at

miser, misera, miserum sad

mittō, mittere, misi, missus to send

modo only, lately

modus operandi way of working

modus vivendi way of living

modus, modi, m method, way, measure, manner

moenia, moeniorum, npl walls (of a city)

moneō, monere, monui, monitus to warn, advise

mons, montis, m mountain

monstro, monstrare, monstravi, monstratus to show

mora, morae, f delay

morior, mori, mortuus sum to die

moror, morari, moratus sum to delay

mors, mortis, f death

mortuus, mortua, mortuum dead

mos maiorum the way of the ancestors

mos, moris, m habit, custom

moveo, movere, movi, motus to move

mox soon

mulier, mulieris, f woman

mulsum, mulsi, n honey-wine

multitudo, multitudinis, f crowd

multus, multa, multum much, many

munio, munire, munivi, munitus to fortify, build

munus, muneris, n gift, duty, gladiator show

murus, muri, m wall

mus, muris, m mouse

muto, mutare, mutavi, mutatus to change
N

nam for

nārrō, narrare, narravi, narratus to tell

nascor, nasci, natus sum to be born

nasus, nasi, m nose

natura, naturae, f nature

nauta, nautae, m sailor

nāvigō, navigare, navigavi, navigatus to sail

navis, navis, f ship

-ne? makes sentence a question

ne (purpose clause) so that not, in order that not, lest

ne (purpose clause) so that not, in order that not, lest

ne plus ultra no more beyond

nec and not

nec...nec neither...nor

necesse necessary, unavoidable, indispensable

necesse est it is necessary

neco, necare, necavi, necatus to kill

nego, negare, negavi, negatus to deny, say that …not

negotiator, negotiatoris, m business man

negotium, negotii, n business, work

nemo, neminis, m no one, nobody

neque and not

neque...neque neither...nor

nescio, nescire, nescivi, nescitus to not know

neuter, neutra, neutrum neither (of two)

nihil, nil n nothing

nimium, nimii, n (+gen) too much

nisi unless, if not, except

nobilis, nobilis, nobile famous, noble

nobis to/for us

noceo, nocere, nocui to harm, injure

noli!, nolite! do not!

nolo contendere I do not contest

nolo, nolle, nolui to not want

nomen, nominis, n name

nomine named, by name

nōn not

non iam no longer

non sequitur an illogical statement

non solum…sed etiam not only…but also

nonaginta ninety

nondum not yet

nonne? not?; (+) statement, (-) interrog tag (expects yes answer)

nonnulli, nonnullae, nonnulla several

nonus, nona, nonum ninth

nos we, us

noster, nostra, nostrum our

nota bene (NB) note well

notus, nota, notum known

novem nine

novus ordo seclorum new order of the ages

novus, nova, novum new

nox, noctis, f night

nubes, nubis, f cloud

nubo, nubere, nupsi, nuptus (+dat) to marry

nullus, nulla, nullum no, not any

num? surely not?; (-)statement, (+)interrog tag (expects no answer)

numero, numerare, numeravi, numeratus to count

numerus, numeri, m number, group

numquam never

nunc now

nuntio, nuntiare, nuntiavi, nuntiatus to announce

nuntius, nuntii, m messenger, message

nuper recently, lately

nuptiae, nuptarum, fpl wedding

nuptialis, nuptialis, nuptiale of a wedding
O

ob (+acc) because of, on account of

observo, observare, observavi, observatus to watch, observe

obses, obsidis, m hostage

occido, occidere, occidi, occassus to fall, die, set (sun)

occido, occidere, occidi, occassus to fall, die, set (sun)

occido, occidere, occidi, occisus to kill

occupatus, occupata, occupatum busy

occupo, occupare, occupavi, occupatus to seize

occurro, occurrere, occurri, occursus (+dat) to meet, run up to

octavus, octava, octavum eighth

octo eight

octoginta eighty

oculus, oculi, m eye

officium, officii, n duty, job, service

olim once, at some time

omnino altogether, completely

omnis, omnis, omne all, every

oportet (+acc) it is necessary, (The person) ought

oppidum, oppidi, n town

opprimo, opprimere, oppressi, oppressus to crush, overwhelm

oppugno, oppugnare, oppugnavi, oppugnatus to attack

optimus, optima, optimum very good, best

opus est mihi (+abl) I have need of

opus, operis, n work, fortification

ora, orae, f shore

oraculum, oraculi, n oracle

oraculum, oraculi, n oracle

oratio, orationis, f speech

orationem habeo to make a speech

orator, oratoris, m speaker

orbis terrarum the world

orbis, orbis, m circle, globe

ordo, ordinis, m rank, line, order

orior, oriri, ortus sum to rise

ornatrix, ornatricis, f hairdresser

oro, orare, oravi, oratus to ask, beg

os, oris, n mouth

os, ossis, n bone

osculum, osculi, n kiss

ostendo, ostendere, ostendi, ostentus to show

otiosus, otiosa, otiosum at leisure, idle

otium, otii, n leisure, idleness

ovis, ovis, f sheep
P

pactum, pacti, n agreement

paedagogus, paedagogi, m tutor

paene almost, nearly

palaestra, palaestrae, f exercise area

panis, panis, m bread

par, par, par (G paris) equal

paratus, parata, paratum prepared, ready

parco, parcere, peperci, parsus (+dat) to spare

parens, parentis, m/f parent

pareo, parere, parui, paritus (+dat) to obey

parō, parare, paravi, paratus to prepare

pars, partis, f part, side




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