Focus 10/28 Focus



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10/28 Focus

  • 10/28 Focus

    • Conflicts during the Warring States Period at the end of the Zhou Dynasty led many people to question the nature of society and people’s role in it.
    • The effort to make sense of the chaos led to the creation of new Chinese philosophies
  • Do Now:

    • Describe one effect that the Silk Roads had on ancient China



Warfare broke out between nobles at the end of Zhou dynasty

  • Warfare broke out between nobles at the end of Zhou dynasty

    • Led to period of upheaval and chaos
    • People began to think about the best way to restore:
      • Social order
      • Harmony
      • Respect for authority


551 BC- 479 BC

  • 551 BC- 479 BC

  • Known as Kongfuzi

  • Chinese teacher and philosopher

    • Philosopher
      • A person who offers theories or ideas on “big questions”
  • Developed a theory of how to establish stability in China



Confucius believed that:

  • Confucius believed that:

    • People are naturally good
      • People should treat each other humanely
    • Importance of education in creating good, stable government
      • Need for educated civil servants
    • Individual must find and accept their proper place in society


Believed society should be organized around five basic relationships

  • Believed society should be organized around five basic relationships

    • Ruler -----Subject
    • Father-----Son
    • Husband----Wife
    • Older Brother----Younger Brother
    • Friend----Friend




Example:

  • Example:

    • Rulers should practice kindness and virtuous living
    • Subjects should be loyal and law abiding
  • Stressed importance of:

    • Family
    • Filial Piety
      • Children should respect their parents and elders
    • Worship ancestors
    • Patriarchal society
    • Education




Book containing Confucius thoughts on how to improve society

  • Book containing Confucius thoughts on how to improve society

  • Became the basis for Chinese civil service exams and bureaucracy

    • Government workers




Cornerstone of Chinese tradition and culture

  • Cornerstone of Chinese tradition and culture

    • Adopted by most Chinese
  • preserved patriarchal society

  • Spread to areas that were under China’s control or influence

    • Korea and Vietnam


What is Filial Piety?

  • What is Filial Piety?

  • What impact did Confucianism have on China?



  • The Master [i.e. Confucius] said, “In serving his parents the filial son is as reverent as possible to them while they are living. In taking care of them he does so with all possible joy; when they are sick he is extremely anxious about them; when he buries them he is stricken with grief; when he sacrifices to them he does so with the utmost solemnity. These five [duties] being discharged in full measure, then he has been able [truly] to serve his parents.”



10/30 Focus:

  • 10/30 Focus:

    • The Qin adopted the philosophy of legalism and used it to maintain strict control of the Chinese population
    • Lao Tzu encouraged people to seek a balance with nature by following the Taoist philosophy
  • Do Now:

    • Filial Piety was one of Confucius’s main teachings . What is filial piety?


Founded by Han Feizi



Human nature is naturally selfish; humans are by nature evil

  • Human nature is naturally selfish; humans are by nature evil

  • Rulers needed to be strong and govern through force

  • Laws must be strict and based on rewards and punishments to maintain order



Placed little value on education

  • Placed little value on education

    • should be controlled by government
  • Ideas needed to be strictly controlled

    • Rulers should burn all writings that are critical of the government
  • War is needed to strengthen the rulers power



Founded by Lao Zi

  • Founded by Lao Zi

  • Began during the Warring States Period

  • Stressed importance of balance in nature

    • Yin
    • Yang




“The Way”

  • “The Way”

    • The Tao
      • A universal life force that is present in nature
      • Guides all things
    • Human understanding of nature and harmony achieved by following “the way”


Believed that education and politics are not necessary for harmony

  • Believed that education and politics are not necessary for harmony

  • Rely on senses and instincts

  • Stressed importance of individuals and less government







How was Legalism used by the Qin to control the people of China?

  • How was Legalism used by the Qin to control the people of China?

  • What role does balance play in the Daoist teachings?



10/31 Focus:

  • 10/31 Focus:

    • China’s river valley civilizations laid the foundations of Chinese culture. Important Chinese philosophies , Confucianism, legalism, and Taoism developed.
  • Do Now:

    • Identify one difference between legalism and Confucianism


What are two natural barriers that influenced the development of civilization in China?

  • What are two natural barriers that influenced the development of civilization in China?

  • Identify one effect these barriers had on China



What is this structure

  • What is this structure

  • What does it tell us about the Chinese view of the outside world?



What trade route is shown in this map?

  • What trade route is shown in this map?

  • What impact did it have on China?





Explain the process that is shown in this image?

  • Explain the process that is shown in this image?








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