The first edition of this book was produced in January, 2009 as instructional material for students in Biology 207 at the University of Alberta, and is released to the public for non-commercial use under the Creative Commons License (See below). Users are encouraged to make modifications and improvements to the book.
All text in the original edition was written by Michael Deyholos, Ph.D. Chapter 9 and portions of Chapters 2 and 3 in this edition were written by Mike Harrington, Ph.D. Additional content and editing by John Locke, Ph.D. and Mark Wolansky, M.Sc.
Photos and some diagrams were obtained from various, non-copyrighted sources, including Flickr, Wikipedia, Public Library of Science, and Wikimedia Commons. Photo attributions are listed in the legend with each image.
This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike 2.5 Canada License. To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.5/ca/ or send a letter to Creative Commons, 171 Second Street, Suite 300, San Francisco, California, 94105, USA.
Under the terms of the license, you are free:
to Share — to copy, distribute and transmit the work
to Remix — to adapt the work
Under the following conditions:
Attribution. You must include the name of the original author in books or excerpts derived from this work.
Non-commercial. You may not use this work for commercial purposes.
Share Alike. If you alter, transform, or build upon this work, you may distribute the resulting work only under the same or similar licence to this one.
For any reuse or distribution, you must make clear to others the licence terms of this work.
Any of the above conditions can be waived if you get permission from the copyright holder.
The author's moral rights are retained in this licence.
Image, Photo and Figure License Details:
The source of each figure is given at the end of the legend and includes the following:
CC: AD Creative Commons Attribution-No Derivative Works 2.0 Generic
CC: AN Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial 2.0 Generic
CC: AND Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 2.0 Generic
CC: AS Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 2.0 Generic
EDU Educational use explicitly allowed by author, who retains copyright