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Campaign Site Summary and Stakeholders Matrix

Overall, GREAT site summary which is nicely detailed! No major recommendations, good job 

PROJECT NAME

Project Name

The two-year project is called Mabaw Marine Protected Area Pride Campaign Program.

Project Data Effective Date

September 15, 2010

PROJECT SCOPE AND VISION

Scope/ Site Name

The project is centered at the Mabaw Marine Protected Area under jurisdiction of Tagbilaran City, Bohol, Philippines.

Scope/ Site Description

The Mabaw Marine Protected Areais reef located in the City of Tagbilaran of the province of Bohol under the political jurisdiction of Region 7. It is bounded within the northern portion by the municipality of Maribojoc, eastern sections is the municipality of Cortes, southern part is the city of Tagbilaran and in the western part is Cebu City (BFAR, 2004). The Mabaw MPA was discovered and popularized by a group of scientist on a French-led expedition who surveyed the whole Panglao island in they 2004. The resolutions coming the from the Local Government Unit of Manga, Ubujan, and Talotourged the city government of Tagbilaran to declare the Mabaw Reef as a marine protected area on June 20, 2007 with the support from the fisher communities.

It is a patch reef in the off-shore with declining coral trend from good to fair coral condition. In 2005, Mabaw MPA had a mean live coral cover of 69.47% ( BFAR, 2005). After five years, the live coral cover decreased into 49.93% or fair coral condition (MBEMO, 2009). In 2005, a total of 70 fish species belonging to 17 families were identified and recorded in the reef. Based on the MPA report, the reef targets are gone except for the few numbers of wrasses. Moreover, the scombrids or mackerels werenot alreadyseen during the latest monitoring. The needlefishes are also not seen during the survey compared to the previous survey where they have also been spotted on the surface of the reef (MBEMO, 2009).

Over-extraction of fish stocks by both resident fisherfolks and non-resident small to medium scale commercial fishers causes the vanishing of target species such as blue and gold fusiliers (Caesiocaerulaurea), slender unicorn (Naso minor), mackerel (Ratrillegerkanagurta), multi-barred goatfish (Parupeneusmultifasciatus) and white spotted rabbit fish ( Siganuscanaliculatus.


Vision Statement

“A well- management community-based marine sanctuary with a diverse coral cover inhabited by various fish species and marine invertebrates that serve as sources of food and livelihood of the local communities.”

BIODIVERSITY FEATURES

Biodiversity Area

The coastline is irregular with a total length of about 13 kilometers. It embraces 8 barangays,stretching from Barangay Bool in the South to Barangay Manga in the North. The other coastalbarangays are: ansasa, Poblacion I, Poblacion 3, Cogon, Booy, Taloto and Ubujan. Beaches arepredominantly rocky or stony and characteristically narrow and rise abruptly into rocky cliffs. The city is blessed with mangrove with an total of 67 hectares, diverse coral reef, sea grasses and different fish species.

One of the diverse marine habitats in Tagbilaran is the Mabaw Marine Sanctuary. It is shallow with a patch reef in the offshore with a total area of 84, 339 square meters, with a 50 meter buffer zone. This is located fronting the barangays of Taloto, Ubujan and Manga.




Biodiversity Background

Mangrove forests are mostly found in barangayMansasa, Bool,Taloto, Ubujan and Manga. In the northern part of the city, a total of 67 hectares of mangrove plantation is found within the barangays of Taloto, Ubujan and Manga. There are 25 species belonging to 13 families identified, 32 species of mangrove- associated birds found; 4 species are rarely seen. Presence of migratory birds, including local migrants, which periodically visit to feed and seek shelter.

There are 25 genera of coral reefs identified in 6 coastal barangays of Tagbilaran. These coral reefs are distributed within 100-1,000 meters from the shore of 10-25 foot deep. The average live hard cover 43.36%. There are 233 individuals per 500 sq. m on fish population. An estimated amount of Php 34,338 annual net revenue per municipal fisher of coral reef (direct

benefits), Php 66,150 annual net revenue per municipal fisher (direct benefits), Php 2,437,995 annual net revenue from fishing on coral reef and Php 12,563.980 annual indirect use value of Maribojoc Bay non-use value of coral reef biodiversity. These figures comprise the total estimated resource economic value of Tagbilaran city which accounts for PhP 33,849,402.

Generaly, seagrass covers in Tagbilaran sea beds are disturbed and altered.Cogon has the highest percentage of sea grasses (82.8%) compared to other coastal barangays. Seagrass beds with high species of diversity are found in Barangay Bool (71.4%).




PROTECTED AREA INFORMATION

Protected Area Categories

The Mabaw Marine Sanctuary was declared after a strong endorsement and lobbying of the fishers communities from the barangay of Taloto, Ubujan and Manga. The local government officials of the three barangays passed a resolution endorsing the declaration of the Mabaw reef as a marine sanctuary. The Mabaw Marine Sanctuary was enacted with specific provision of collaboration and cooperation in the management aspect between and among the city government of Tagbilaran, the barangay local government of Taloto, Ubujan and Manga. The City Ordinance also stated the management and enforcement structures with encouraged the multi-stakeholders participation.


Legal Status

The Mabaw Marine Sanctuary is governed by City Ordinance C-204.

Legislative Context

The Mabaw Reef was declared as protected area after the local government unit enacted City Ordinance No. C.204, series of 2007 also known as Tagbilaran City Fishery Code.

The other laws that legally support the Mabaw Marine Sanctuary is the City Environment Code, the Provincial Environment Code of the Province of Bohol, the R.A 7160 also known as the Local Government Code of 1991 which mandates the roles of the local government unit in the management and protection of the environment including the marine environment.

And, the Republic Act 8550 also known as the New Fisheries Code of the Philippines which stated that the municipal/city government shall have jurisdiction over municipal/ city waters. The municipal/city government, in consultation with the FARMC shall be responsible for the management, conservation, development, protection, utilization, and disposition of all fish and fishery/aquatic resources within their respective municipal waters.


Physical Description

The Mabaw Marine Sanctuary is located in the center of Maribojoc Bay within the province of Bohol under the political jurisdiction of region 7. It is a patch reef in the offshore with fair to good coral cover. Mabaw Reef MPA has more live hard coral cover on the side facing Cebu island thanon the other side facing Cortes. This side of Mabaw Reef is also of a slope characteristic compared to the other side which is steep wall. Erosion is also far more exemplified on this side of the reef.

The Mabaw Marine Sanctuary is vulnerable to illegal fishing activities due to its location and distance from the local communities. Some of these illegal fishing activities include dynamite fishing, fishing with the use of fine mesh-net and poisonous substance and commercial fishing. MPA markers and buoys installed by the city government were intentionally cut by the illegal fishers. Other incident happened allegedly done by the divers was the writing using the hard materials (knife/ pointed) on top of the big table coral.

In 2004 survey, result showed that Mabaw Reef had a mean of 67.74% live hard coral cover, or the reef is in good condition. However, in 2009, Mabaw Reef MPA has more live hard coral cover on the side facing Cebu island with 39% than on the other side facing Cortes which has only 24% cover. Macroalgae cover is also higher on Cortes side of the reef which could be the reason why it has lower percentage of live hard coral. This only means that coral reefs in Mabaw Reef continuously declining.

Overfishing is very evident in MabawReef ,the reef targets are gone except for the few numbers of wrasses. Reef associates like that of the fusiliers are still a lot in Mabaw Reef, however, the scombrids or mackerels have not been seen anymore. The needlefishes are also not seen during the survey compared to the previous survey where they have also been spotted on the surface of the reef (MBEMO 2009).




Biological Description

There are eight common species ofAcropora found inMabaw Reef and some them are unknown species of corals. Corals in Mabaw Reef will spawn from May to June. This is according to the survey of UPMSI in the year 2009.

A total of 70 fish species belonging to 17 families were identified and recorded in the Mabaw reef (BFAR, 2005). Reef fishes composed mostly of non-target fish species comprising 85.85% which target is only 13.74% and indicator of only .41%.




Socio- Economic Information

The city of Tagbilaran is the main business capital and center of governance of the province of Bohol aside from being the center of education and transportation.

Tagbilaran City has a total of 18,039 households (CHO, 2006). The most densely populated barangays in Tagbilaran City are mostly found in the coastal areas. Sixty-six percent ofhouseholds earn below Php15,000 per month month, 30% earn not more than Php 10,000, 15% earnbetween Php20,000 and Php35,000, and about 8% earn more than Php 35,000 (based on the 1995NCSO population data of 12,428 households).The average monthly income of family households is pegged at Php12,900 while the medianfamily household income is pegged at Php12, 700. According to LPRAP Summary of Survey Results,of the 15,114 households surveyed in 2004, 4,360 or 28.85% of the household live below the incomethreshold.As per the City’s Local Poverty Reduction Action Program (LPRAP) Summary of Survey Results of 2004, about 16.93% of the labor force is unemployed.

Most of the residents especially the fishers in the areas of Taloto, Ubujan and Manga are engaged in fishing related activities, business ( mini store, selling snacks and food, and buy-and-sell), farming, skilled labor and unskilled labor Maribojoc Bay Profile, 2000).


Historical Description

The Mabaw reef is a favorite fishing ground of the marginal fishers of Tagbilaran and the fishers coming from the neighboring municipalities few years back. This was discovered and popularized by the group of foreign scientists who did invertebrates survey in 2004 as part of the Panglao 2004 project. The scientist recommendation of declaring the Mabaw reef as a marine sanctuary was responded by the city government with an endorsement from the local communities along Taloto, Ubujan and Manga.

The Mabaw reef was declared as Marine Sanctuary in 2007 by the city government under City Ordinance C-204. The Mabaw Reef is coined from the term “ Mabaw” meaning shallow. It is a productive fishing ground for small fishermen in Tagbilaran and neighboring municipalities.



Cultural Description

Tagbilaran was a small, advanced and civilized settlement established at SitioUbos, thelower portion at the back of the present Cathedral in Poblacion Uno, during the 15th Century. Thissettlement was then known as the “Bool Kingdom,” a part of the town of Baclayon. It is said that theplace was first named Tinabilan, which means screened," as she is shielded on the southwest byPanglao Island. But tradition has it that the word Tagbilaran was derived from the wordTagubilaan, acontraction from two local dialects Tagu(to hide) and Bilaan(a Muslim marauder tribe or Moros)who were feared by the early settlers because they pillaged and looted the place. In brief, Tagbilaranmeans “to hide from the Moros.”

The early settlers of Tagbilaran had established trade relations with China and Malaysia.When Spanish Captain Miguel Lopez de Legaspi landed on the shores of Tagbilaran on 16 March1565, he forged a Treaty of Friendship with local Chieftain DatuSikatuna. This event became thebasis for the annual celebration called “Sandugo” or literally “one blood.” A historical marker nowstands on the very spot where Legaspi and Sikatuna had the famous blood compact. The latePresident ElpidioQuirino perpetuated the memory and spirit of this treaty by establishing the “Orderof Sikatuna,” a presidential award and decoration conferred upon visiting dignitaries.

The Hispanic influences are most evident in literature, folk music, folk dance, language, food, art, and religion.The tradition exhibits festivities known as Barrio fiestas to commemorate their patron saints are very much observed in Tagbilaran particularly in the three concernd barangays.


Access Information

Mabaw Reef is located in the center of Maribojoc Bay. It is about 3 kilometers from the shoreline of Barangay Manga, Tagbilaran City and about 5 kilometer from port of K of C. It would take 20-30 minutes travel by pump boat.

Visitation Information

Intended visits to Mabaw Marine Sanctuary must be coordinated with the City Government through the City Agriculture Office. The City Agriculture Office would arrange any of two barangays( Taloto and Ubujan) for possible boat access that will take the visitors to and from the Mabaw Marine Sanctuary. The best person to coordinate in any visit to Mabaw Marine Sanctuary in the barangay level is the barangay captain of the said barangays.

Current Land Use

Of the 3,270 hectares total land area of Tagbilaran, about 2,669.95 hectares or 81.64 percent constitutesettlements and built-up areas (2,048.67 hectares are residential; 427.96 hectares are commercial;

80.13 hectares are for institutional uses; 86.22 hectares are industrial).Among the major uses include fish port, airport, hotels and tourist accommodations, schools and the proposed waste water facility.



Management Resources

A Marine Protected Area Management Council (MPAMC) shall be created, empowered and funded and whose initial function is the creation of the Marine Protected Area Management Plan (MPA/MP).The MPAMC shall be composed of a multi-sectoral management body which shall ensure proper and responsible planning, management and enforcement of the Mabaw Reef Marine Sanctuary and other future sanctuaries when needed.The MPAMC will meet regularly and organize the following committees within its body: Enforcement Committee, Information and Education Committees, Monitoring and Evaluation Committees, Livelihood Development Committee, Committee on Financial Sustainability, Maintenance Committee and other committees that may be deemed necessary by the Council.

The City government, in coordination with the Barangay Council of Ubujan, CFARMC, CAO and concerned people’s organization, shall supervise the management of the Mabaw Reef Marine Sanctuary.The enforcement of this Mabaw Reef MPA shall be under the Mayor’s Office in coordination with the following:City Agriculture Office;City Planning and Development Office;City Treasurer’s Office;Barangay Councils of Manga, Taloto and Ubujan;Barangay Tanods of Manga, Taloto and Ubujan;Deputized Fish Wardens;Philippine National Police;Maritime Police;Marine Protected Area Management Council (MPAMC).



IUCN RED-LIST SPECIES

Red / Noted List Species

Sea turtle

OTHER NOTABLE SPECIES




ACANTHURIDAE Naso hexacanthus

ACANTHURIDAE Naso minor

EPINEPHELINAE Cephalopholismicroprion

GRAMNISTINAE Diploprion bifasciatus

LUTJANIDAE Macolor macularis

MULLIDAE Parupeneus barberinus

MULLIDAE Parupeneus multifasciatus

MULLIDAE Parupeneus multifasciatus

SCARIDAE Scarus flavipectoralis

SCARIDAE Scarus flavipectoralis

SCARIDAE Scarus flavipectoralis

SCARIDAE Chlorurus sordidus

SCARIDAE Chlorurus sordidus

SCARIDAE Scarus tricolor

SCARIDAE Scarus tricolor

SCARIDAE Scarus niger

SCOMBRIDAE Grammatorcynus bilineatus

SCORPAENIDAE Pterois volitans

SIGANIDAE Siganus fuscenses

SIGANIDAE Siganus fuscenses

SIGANIDAE Siganus virgatus


LOCATION AND TOPOGRAPHY

Project Latitude

9 38’59.41 N

Project Longitude

123 50’ 57.70 E

Country

Philippines

States/ Provinces

Province of Bohol

City

Tagbilaran City

Legislative District

First Congressional District

Location Details

Tagbilaran is the capital and a component city of the Province of Bohol. It is situated 630 kilometer southeast of Manila and 72 kilometers south of Cebu City . It lies on the southwestern part of the province. Its local geology is dominated by Miocene to Pleistocene limestones. Locally, the geology is dominated by the Pliocene-Pleistocene Marijoboc Limestone, generally flat lying, highly porous, and very poorly bedded to massive, chalky, and in some places highly coralline (SKM, 1993). This formation has well developed solution features characterised by numerous sinkholes, caves and caverns (karstification). Surface soils are derived from residual weathering of the underlying limestone.

Site Map Reference



Mabaw MS

satellite view - maribojoc bay 2

Comments




HUMAN STAKEHOLDERS




Human Stakeholder Population Size

The total coastal population of Tagbilaran is 91,218. The total population of the three barangays constitutes 18.7% ( 17,132) of the entire coastal population.

Social Context

The barangay of Taloto has a population of 6,176, Ubujan is 4,875 and barangay Manga also has a total population of 6,081. The barangay Taloto has six puroks, barangay Ubujan has 7 and barangay Manga has 8 purok. Based on the survey conducted, most of fishers in the three barangays have only graduated from elementary and there are also who have reached this level but are unable to finish. This situation seems to be repeating in the fisherfolk children. Fishing is the main livelihood of most of the coastal residents in the Maribojoc Bay. People speak Visayan (Cebuano) dialect. This area is rich in cultural and local rituals including fishing( Maribojoc Bay Profile, 20000).

Stakeholders Matrix (Project Team)

Given Name

Surname

Resource ID

Organization

Position

Roles

Email

Phone

  1. Emilia

Roslinda

Emi

PROCESS-Bohol

Executive Director

Project Supervisor

eroslinda@yahoo.com

416-0067; 5001992

  1. Maria Nenita

Chiu

Yane

LGU Maribojoc

MPDC

Project Planning

dayet_r@yahoo.com

504-9979

  1. Aristobola

Solis

Aris

LGU Cortes

MPDC

Project Planning







  1. Eduardo

Macalandag

Ed

LGU Tagbilaran

CPDO

Project Planning/ Supervisor

ed.macalandag@yahoo.com

411-2264;501-7560

  1. Mercedes

Salinas

Mia

LGU Dauis

MPDC

Project Planning

-

412-4077

  1. Jovencia

Asilo

Benny

LGU Panglao

MPDC

Project Planning




502-8200

  1. Norma

Varquez

Norma

DepEd

Head

Education







  1. Josephine

Cemine

Jo

HNU- Academe

Research Officer- HNU-CLG

Team Member




412-3764

  1. FielAngelie

Arao-araoGabin

Fiel

LGU Tagbilaran

City Information Office

Multi-Media Production

fielgabin@yahoo.com
fielangeli@yahoo.com

411-3720

  1. May

Blanco

May

LGU Tagbilaran

Chief-of-Staff, City V-Mayors Office

Multi-media Production, Legislation

mayvblanco@yahoo.com

411-3720

  1. Ted

Ayeng

Ted

Community Media Network (ComNet)

Station Manager

Broadcast

media


admin@dytrbohol.com




  1. Chito

Fuentes










Print Media

Chito.fuentes@yahoo.com




  1. Rey

Chiu

Rey

Philippine Information Agency

PIO

Information

Dissemination









  1. Leo

Udtuhan










Print media

leoudtohan@gmail.com




  1. Crisanto

Pahamutang

Cris

BFAR

PFO

Monitoring




5017681

  1. Nestor

Canda

Nes

DENR

PENRO

Monitoring




411-2278

  1. Leonilo

Lafuente

Loloy

BEMO

Head

Management/ Budget

bemophil@yahoo.com

501-9912

Organization Matrix

Name

Roles

Given Name

Surname

Email

Phone

Bohol Alliance of Non-Government Organization (BANGAON)

Community Organizing

AeprilMaita

Palo

mytteepalo@yahoo.com

501-9516

PADAYON BMT

Community Organizing and advocacy

Ellen Grace

Gallares

eggzos@yahoo.com

412-4077

ELAC

Law enforcement

Atty. Raul

Barbarona

raulbarbarona@yahoo.com

501-7933

Southern Fishermen Association (SOFIA)

MPA management/ enforcement

Jesus

Mission

No e-mail address

09097620197

GihugpongUbujanongGagmay’ngMananagat (GUGMA)

MPA management/ enforcement

Servando

Toledo

No e-mail address

411-2264/ 09264134186


Basak Fishermen Association (BAFIA)

MPA management/ enforcement

Jerson

Monton

No e-mail address

09393454485


Audience


Focus in three barangays

Audiences

# of People in Audience

Audience Summary

Short name for each target audience

Target audience population

Full description of each target audience based on your formative research (literature review, in-depth interviews).

Marginal fishers

Approximately 4000

This includes women and men gleaners and small fishers fishing within the waters of Tagbilaran.

City/municipal Commercial Fishers

Dauis ( approximately 200)

Tagbilaran ( 50 basnig operators)



These are medium to large scale commercial fishers that operate fishing in Maribojoc Bay area. According to the information gathered during the FGD, the number of commercial fishing operators are increasing overtime.

Local Government Unit

3 BLGUs

1 CLGU


1 Provincial LGU

The primary manager unit who is responsible in the management and protection of the MPAs. This includes the barangay, municipal and provincial government units. The local chief executives of the these hierarchy of government shall be a critical role in the pursuit of MPA management.

Private Establishments


Approximately 30

These include hotels and restaurants, resort Operators, dive shops and others that operating within the bay areas. Especially for the dive shops, resorts and hotels, dive visitors are brought in Mabaw for diving and some do snorkeling. These group of audiences contributed to the indiscriminate disposal of waste directly to the seawaters.

vendors




Vendors are important sources of information being the involved in the fish movement to the market. There are three major public markets in Tagbilaran that cater a number of men and women market vendors. According to the sources, these people have a direct link to the both marginal and commercial fishersand knowledgeable enough to identify illegal fishermen.

Students

Pre-elementary -7

Elementary - 11

Secondary -11

Colleges/ Universities- 11



Tagbilaran has many private and public schools which include preschools, elementary, secondary and even colleges/ universities.


Threats


The IUCN Threats Classification Scheme http://www.iucnredlist.org/technical-documents/classification-schemes/threats-classification-scheme-ver3offers a hierarchical listing of the causes of species decline and gives the following major headings.

1 Residential and Commercial Development

    1. Housing and Urban Areas

    2. Commercial and Industrial Areas

    3. Tourism and Recreation Areas

5 Biological Resource Use

    1. Hunting and Trapping Terrestrial Animals

      1. Intentional Mortality (Human Use)

      2. Incidental or Accidental Mortality (bycatch)

      3. Persecution/control

      4. Motivation Unknown/Unrecorded

    2. Gathering Terrestrial Plants

      1. Intentional mortality (human use)

      2. Incidental or accidental mortality (bycatch)

      3. Persecution/control

      4. Motivation Unknown/Unrecorded

    3. Logging and Wood Harvesting

      1. Intentional mortality (human use - subsistence/small scale)

      2. Intentional mortality (human use - large scale)

      3. Incidental or accidental mortality (bycatch - subsistence/small scale)

      4. Incidental or accidental mortality (bycatch - large scale)

      5. Motivation Unknown/Unrecorded

    4. Fishing & harvesting aquatic resources

      1. Intentional mortality (human use - subsistence/small scale)

      2. Intentional mortality (human use - large scale)

      3. Incidental or accidental mortality (bycatch - subsistence/small scale)

      4. Incidental or accidental mortality (bycatch - large scale)

      5. Persecution/control

      6. Motivation Unknown/Unrecorded

9 Pollution

9.1 Domestic and Urban Waste Water

9.1.1 Sewage

9.1.2 Run-Off

9.1.3 Type Unknown/Unrecorded

9.2 Industrial and Military Effluents

9.2.1 Oil Spills


      1. Seepage from Mining

9.2.3 Type Unknown/Unrecorded

9.3 Agricultural and Forestry Effluents

9.3.1 Nutrient loads

9.3.2 Soil erosion, sedimentation

9.3.3 Herbicides and pesticides

9.3.4 Type Unknown/Unrecorded

9.4 Garbage and Solid Waste

9.5Air-borne Pollutants

9.5.1 Acid Rain

9.5.2 Smog

9.5.3 Ozone

9.5.4 Type Unknown/Unrecorded

9.6 Excess Energy

9.6.1 Light pollution

9.6.2 Thermal pollution

9.6.3 Noise pollution



      1. Type Unknown/Unrecorded

2 Agriculture and Aquaculture

    1. Annual and Perennial non-timber crops

      1. Shifting agriculture

      2. Small-holder farming

      3. Agro-industry farming

      4. Scale Unknown/Unrecorded

    2. Wood & pulp plantations

      1. Small-holder plantations

      2. Agro-industry plantations

      3. Scale Unknown/Unrecorded

    3. Livestock farming & ranching

      1. Nomadic grazing

      2. Small-holder grazing, ranching or farming

      3. Agro-industry grazing, ranching or farming

      4. Scale Unknown/Unrecorded

    4. Marine and Freshwater Aquaculture

      1. Subsistence/artisinal aquaculture

      2. Industrial aquaculture

      3. Scale Unknown/Unrecorded

6 Human Intrusions and Disturbance

6.1 Recreational Activities

6.2 War, civil unrest and military exercises


    1. Work & other activities

10 Ecological Events

    1. Volcanoes

10.2 Earthquakes/tsunamis

10.3 Avalanches/landslides




3 Energy Production and Mining

    1. Oil and Gas Drilling

    2. 3.2 Mining & quarrying

    3. 3.3 Renewable energy




7 Natural System Modifications

    1. Fire & fire suppression

      1. Increase in fire frequency/intensity

      2. Suppression in fire frequency/intensity

      3. Trend Unknown/Unrecorded

    2. Dams & water management/use

      1. Abstraction of surface water (domestic use)

      2. Abstraction of surface water (commercial use)

      3. Abstraction of surface water (agricultural use)

      4. Abstraction of surface water (unknown use)

      5. Abstraction of ground water (domestic use)

      6. Abstraction of ground water (commercial use)

      7. Abstraction of ground water (agricultural use)

      8. Abstraction of ground water (unknown use)

      9. Small dams

      10. Large dams

      11. Dams (size unknown)

    3. Other ecosystem modifications




11 Climate Change and Severe Weather

11.1 Habitat shifting and Alteration

11.2 Droughts

11.3 Temperature extremes

11.4 Storms and Flooding

11.5 Other impacts



4 Transportation and Service Corridors

4.1 Roads & railroads

4.2 Utility & service lines

4.3 Shipping lanes

4.4 Flight paths


8 Invasive and Other Problematic Species and Genes

8.1 Invasive non-native/alien species

8.1.1 Unspecified species

8.1.2 Named species

8.2 Problematic native species

8.3 Introduced genetic material



12 Unknown



Key Biodiversity Targets

Direct Threats

Severity

Contributing factors [including indirect threats]

You can put here your Conservation Result targets

Use the full IUCN classifications above to make a list of all the threats you consider the most important to your site and to any notable species within it.

You can match the IUCN threats you identified to your proposed CR target that the threat impacts on.



Rate the relative severity of each threat on a scale of 1-4, where 1=low, 2=medium, 3=high, 4 =very high.

What are the factors that contribute to the IUCN direct threats you identified? Your factor chain can really help provide info you need for this section.




3 Energy Production and Mining

    1. Oil and Gas Drilling

2




4 Transportation and Service Corridors

3 Shipping lanes

1




5 Biological Resource Use

    1. Fishing & harvesting aquatic resources

4




      1. Intentional mortality (human use - subsistence/small scale)

3




6 Human Intrusions and Disturbance

6.1 Recreational Activities

2




9 Pollution

9.1 Domestic and Urban Waste Water

3




9.1.1 Sewage

3




9.1.2 Run-Off

2




9.3.2 Soil erosion, sedimentation

2





Please provide bibliography for references you cited in your summary 


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