Study Guide Nuclear Chemistry



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Name: ___________________________________________ Date: ____________________________________ Period: ________
Unit 5 – Nuclear Chemistry – Quiz Study Guide


  1. Describe the mass, charge, actual identity, and relative penetration power of the following radioactive particles:

    1. Alpha particles




    1. Beta particles




    1. Gamma particles




  1. Compare and contrast fission and fusion.

The atomic bomb is an example of ______________. The Hydrogen bomb is an example of _____________.




  1. Write nuclear reactions for the following:

    1. Carbon-14 emits beta particles.




    1. Thorium-232 goes through alpha decay.




    1. Radium-226 emits gamma and alpha particles.




    1. Chlorine-36 undergoes positron emission.




    1. Nitrogen-14 goes through electron capture.




    1. Argon-37 is produced by beta decay.




    1. Fermium-257 is formed by alpha and gamma emission.

Name: ___________________________________________ Date: ____________________________________ Period: ________


Unit 5 – Nuclear Chemistry – Quiz Study Guide


  1. Describe the mass, charge, actual identity, and relative penetration power of the following radioactive particles:

    1. Alpha particles




    1. Beta particles




    1. Gamma particles




  1. Compare and contrast fission and fusion.

The atomic bomb is an example of ______________. The Hydrogen bomb is an example of _____________.




  1. Write nuclear reactions for the following:

    1. Carbon-14 emits beta particles.




    1. Thorium-232 goes through alpha decay.




    1. Radium-226 emits gamma and alpha particles.




    1. Chlorine-36 undergoes positron emission.




    1. Nitrogen-14 goes through electron capture.




    1. Argon-37 is produced by beta decay.




    1. Fermium-257 is formed by alpha and gamma emission.




  1. Fill in the blanks and identify the type of decay:



210____  0 ____ + ___ ______ ___ Pa  ___ e + 234 ____ + 0 ____

83 -1 ___ 91 +1 ___ 0



  1. Gold-191 has a half-life of 12.4 hours. What mass of this isotope would remain after 49.6 hours if you started with a 7.50 mg?



  1. The half-life of cesium-137 is 30.2 years. If the initial mass of a sample of cesium-137 is 1.00 kg, how much will remain after 151 years?



  1. Given that the half-life of carbon-14 is 5730 years, consider a sample of fossilized wood that, when alive, would have contained 24 g of carbon-14. It now contains 1.5 g of carbon-14. How old is the sample?



  1. What is the half-life of an isotope of plutonium, if the original sample was 10 g and after 420 days there were 1.3 grams left?



  1. Fill in the blanks and identify the type of decay:



210____  0 ____ + ___ ______ ___ Pa  ___ e + 234 ____ + 0 ____

83 -1 ___ 91 +1 ___ 0



  1. Gold-191 has a half-life of 12.4 hours. What mass of this isotope would remain after 49.6 hours if you started with a 7.50 mg?



  1. The half-life of cesium-137 is 30.2 years. If the initial mass of a sample of cesium-137 is 1.00 kg, how much will remain after 151 years?



  1. Given that the half-life of carbon-14 is 5730 years, consider a sample of fossilized wood that, when alive, would have contained 24 g of carbon-14. It now contains 1.5 g of carbon-14. How old is the sample?



  1. What is the half-life of an isotope of plutonium, if the original sample was 10 g and after 420 days there were 1.3 grams left?



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