PROJECT TITLE: Climate Risk Management in Turkmenistan
EXECUTING AGENCY: UNDP Turkmenistan
PROJECT SITE: Nohur, Yerbent, Sakarchaga
START DATE: 2010
ESTIMATED END DATE: December 2014
SOURCE OF FUNDS (SOF): UNDP
TOTAL BUDGET: USD 600,000
BUDGET for the year 2014: USD 280,000
EXPENDITURES 2014: USD 277,492.40
DELIVERY 2014: 99,10 %
Report prepared by:
Date: January 26, 2015
Project Summary 3
Project Context Update 3
Progress towards achieving project objectives 4
Progress in Project Implementation 17
Project Management 26
Challenges/Lessons learned 26
Contracts for implementation of project activities 26
Annex 1. VulnerabilityAssessment 29
Annex 2. Capacity Development Monitoring Scorecard 31
Annex 3. Annual Work Plan 2014 34
Annex 4. Annual Work Plan 2014 (revised) 36
Annex 5. Project Closure Plan 2015 38
Annex 6. Detailed Implementaion Plan for 2015 39
Annex 7. CRM TKM Monitoring Mission Framework 43
Annex 8. Update on the Status of Actions from Management Response on MTE 57
1. Programme Summary
Turkmenistan is exposed to both short- and long-term climatic risks. These include sandstorms, mudflows, landslides, floods, drought, desertification and sea level rise. Many of these risks result from natural climatic variability, but modelling indicates that such events are likely to become more severe and frequent due to man-made climate change. These risks have negative impacts across a range of economic sectors, particularly on the agriculture sector, and can impact the livelihoods of vulnerable populations in affected regions, and degrade natural resources and biodiversity.
Current climate risks and potential future changes in their severity and frequency are not clearly reflected in Turkmenistan’s institutional and legislative frameworks. From a legislative perspective, climate change is not mentioned in any of the main legal frameworks for key sectors (agriculture, water, energy, nature protection, disaster risk). Little institutional focus is currently given to identifying and reducing vulnerability to these impacts. In the Turkmenistan UNFCCC Second National Communication, there is only limited information relating to the geographical distribution and severity of such risks. Institutional responsibilities for short term weather forecasting and long term climate modeling/impacts are split between two bodies – Turkmenhydromet and Ministry of Nature Protection, with limited levels of cooperation.
The project will seek to strengthen the institutional, legal and technical capacity of key institutions, with a primary focus on Turkmenhydromet. It will work through Hydromet to establish a better understanding of climate risk and information requirements among key institutions (Ministry of Agriculture, Ministry of Water Facility, and Main Department of Extreme Events). A focus will be given to improving the provision of CRM information to vulnerable livestock and agricultural communities, with pilot assessments undertaken in 3 typical climatic zones (Nohur, Yerbent and Sakarchaga). Potential financing structures for the provision of climate risk information will be reviewed. Long range climate modelling capacity will be developed, and linkages between Hydromet and Ministry of Nature Protection/UNFCCC focal point strengthened. Support will be provided to improving national level communication of climate risks through the media. A national CRM network will be established, a national CRM profile developed, and best practice disseminated at both a national and local level.
There are three main Components (Activity results) to report on:
Effective use of climate risk information in rural communities with typical climatic zones;
CRM knowledge, lessons-learned and best practices in the CA-CRM project.
2. Project Context Update
In the framework of close collaboration with the Departments and Services of the Ministry of Water Resources, CRM Project provided technical support to project stakeholder to conduct a review of water sector in Turkmenistan. 2 expert meetings were organized for 27 government specialists to present assignment objectives and scope of work, discuss development and management of water resources and provisions of water services at different levels. Meeting participants identified technical, socio-economic and institutional priorities for action at the national level and proposed recommen-dations for addressing challenges. In March 2015, the Project will facilitate publication and dissemination of the report among relevant stakeholders with the active support of UNDP Project on Sustainable Water Management.
South-South cooperation has been the most important mechanism that the Project has used to develop capacity and technical skills. 12 farmers of Sakarchaga project region received a one-week hands-on training and advice on laser land levelling. 37 ha of irrigated land were levelled by using the recently introduced technology, laser land levelling equipment.
3. Progress towards achieving project objectives
Project Output, Activity Results, Indicators
Target by the end of the project (December 2014)
Targets by year
Level at 31 December of 2011
Indicator 1: # of hectares under improved CRM;
Indicator 2: Score as per Vulnerability Risk Assessment;
Indicator 3: % of budget spent on gender issues
Indicator 4: Score as per UNDP Capacity Assessment Scorecard
At least 100% of demo sites area
Strategies, policies and legislation do not take climate variability and change risks into account. Institutions and their key stakeholders (including policy- assessment methodology adapted. A three-month assignment on climate risk assessment was conducted by a group of experts from local consultancy. The project was not able to meet the target of 2013 due to delays of project activities implementation in 2012. The adaptive measures on demo sites were scheduled for 2014.makers, decision-makers and legislators) lack a CRM focus. Awareness and skills related to CRM are limited. The flow and use of CRM information is limited between agencies.
Local CRM assessment methodologies are poorly developed and not widely used. CRM interventions are ad hoc, localised and lacking finance for up-scaling. CRM financing options are limited in Turkmenistan.
There are low levels of coordination between professionals engaged in CRM activities. Communication between different groups is relatively poor due to the cross cutting nature of CRM. There is no institution that acts as an institutional home for CRM analysis and information. General public awareness of climate variability and change impacts and CRM measures is limited.
2011 – Identify demo sites
2012 – define area in hectares, 20% in ha
2013 – 60% in ha
2014 – 20% in ha
2011 – Partially achieved, exact sites will be selected based on LLRA in 2012, Cost& benefit analysis is undertaken in pilot districts, hence synergism is made with the project on Adaption fund proposal on demo sites project area (Nohur, Yerbent, Sakar chaga)
2012 –No progress.
2013 – Partially achieved.
2014 – Achieved.
37 ha of irrigated land in Sakarchaga project region were levelled with the use of laser land levelling equipment, the recently introduced technology by the Project. It is significant to note that the training process with demonstration activities helped specialists of local subdivisions to better understand the needs of farmers, and more committed to addressing such needs.
At least 10% decrease of the Risk Assessment Score (RAS)
2011 – conduct baseline study
2012 – identify 3 focus communities, initiate at least 3 actions to reduce vulnerability of local population
2013 – 100% of measures developed progress
2014 – 10% decrease of the RAS proved by final LLRA
With CRM Project support, 10 ha of land under apple and pear orchards in Nohur project region were improved by local growers. Technical assistance on managing fruit orchards and implementation of new techniques (including pruning, fertilisation, and pesticide use) increased fruit production in the targeted area by 8%.
2011 – Partially achieved. Methodology for LLRA selected.
2012 ─Partially achieved. The communities of project areas (Nohur, Yerbent, and Sakar Chaga) will be involved into the activity on VRA. The activity in the sites is planned to be under-taken in the 2nd quarter of 2013.
2013- Partially achieved.
A local consultancy company adjusted an existing methodology for a local level climate risk assessment performed in focus communities. Mapping exercise implemented in pilot areas. The postponed results of the previous years reflected on the targets of 2013.
2014 – Achieved. -18.6%
Based on climate risk assessment and prioritized issues on targeted regions, the Project implemented a number of concrete risk reduction measures for vulnerable agricultural and livestock communities.
At least 15% of budget spent on gender issues
2011 – 15%
2012 – 15%
2013 – 15%
2014 – 15%
The actions undertaken in relation to water use efficiency, land and water resource management demonstrated clear local ownership. Activities of 2014 included laser land levelling, water resource management, drip irrigation, horticulture development, soil testing, and desertification management.
A table on Vulnerability assessment attached in Annex 1.
2011 – Partially achieved. 41% participants of the Inception workshop were women; women provided substantive technical contribution to the development of Adaptation proposal of Turkmenistan.
2012– Achieved, 22.5%.
2013 –Achieved 16.3%.
2014– Achieved 34.7%
Minimum 10% increase in CRM capacity, as measured by UNDP scorecard
2011 – Capacity Assessment Scorecard is initiated
2012 – Capacity Assessment Scorecard developed and implemented at national and local level in focus areas
2013 – At least 2-3 examples of actions following the Capacity Assessment Scorecard
2014 - At least 10% increase of Capacity Assessment Scorecard by EOP
2011- No progress
2012 –Not achieved. Capacity Score Card approach was developed by the regional project and required adjusting based on thematic and geographic focus of the project. However, due to the absence of a project manager in 2012 and project registration in Turkmenistan, this work was postponed until 2013.
2013 –Achieved. Within the framework of the assignment on Stakeholder analysis and capacity assessment, Capacity Scorecards for key stakeholders (Turkmen-hydromet, Ministry of Nature Protection, Ministry of Agriculture, Ministry of Water Management and Emergency Response Agency under the Ministry of Defense) were developed by national consultant.
2014 – Achieved. 69%
The result of stakeholder capacity assessment given in the Capacity development monitoring Scorecard, which is attached in Annex 2.
Indicator 1.1: No. of CRM policy measures or legislative changes adopted/ implemented by GoT
At least 3 pieces of policy/legislation documents are accepted by GoT for adoption
i) Review of policy/legislative framework initiated, ii)
Draft National strategy on climate change, particularly, the adaptation section that includes measures towards improving CRM developed. The strategy is expected to be approved by GoT in 2012.
National Climate Change Strategy of Turkmenistan has been approved by GoT on 15 June 2012.
2013 – None
2014 – None
Key recommendations developed for optimization of mandates of government agencies and mitigation of climate risks by strengthening their institutional, legal and technical capacities.
Indicator 1.2: No of institutional mandates revised to include CRM
At least 2 Ministries have CRM explicitly considered in their mandate
2011 – review completed
2012 –recommendations developed, negotiations with ministries started.
2013 – 1
2014 – 1
2011 – Partially achieved. Review initiated.
2012- Partially achieved.
Recommendations have been developed by a national consultant.
2013 – Partially achieved. National consultant conducted a mandate review and examined relevant statutory documents of key institutions during the stakeholder analysis and capacity assessment assignment. The institutional and legal aspects of the 1st component will be implemented by national and international consultants in the 1st quarter of 2014.
2014- No Progress.
Recommendations developed for strengthening institutional mechanisms of intersectoral cooperation by creating a body that will promote the development and implementation of sustainable development programs and plans.
Indicator 1.3: No of ministries and other national institutions benefiting from improved CRM information provision from Turkmenhydromet
At least 3 government agencies benefiting from CRM related information provided by Turkmenhydromet,
2011 – Information needs assessment conducted
2012 – 1
2013 – 1
2014 – 1
2011 – Partially achieved. Three key ministries identified, information needs assessment initiated.
2012 ─ Partially achieved. The assessment was conducted and a set of recommendations has been developed.
2013 - Partially achieved.
The deliverables of two assignments on stakeholder analysis and VRA assessment enabled the project to determine IP’s priority, scale and sequence of activities to modernise its service and improve capacity. Turkmenhydromet to develop a website/Internet portal for its users. The staff of Turkmenhydromet received e-documentation including admin codes, technical specifications, development programme and methodology on acceptance tests for further incorporation in committee’s server and networks. Follow up activities will be included into the plan of 2014.
2014 – Achieved.
A new website of Turkmen-hydromet has launched. Website provides its users with daily weather forecast and information.
Indicator 1.4: Use of more robust climate models for preparation of the Third National Communication
2011 – Modelling needs assessment conducted
2012 – Hydrometeorology data base developed, required software purchased
2013 – Data base is tested and put into operation, personnel of Hydromet is trained
2014 – Yes
2011 – Achieved. A review and development of recommendations to improve capacities for modeling have been started to be completed in 2012.
2012 – Not achieved. Taking into account project registration issues and budget limit the purchasing of required software scheduled for 2013-2014. In 2013 a series of preparatory activities will take place.
2013- Not achieved. Turkmenhydromet informed the Project team about receiving funds from the government for upgrading equipment and overseas trainings in 2014. Therefore a procurement of software for Turkmenhydromet will not be included into CRM AWP 2014.
2014 – n/a
Indicator 1.5: No. of officials participating in CRM policy training and workshops (disaggregated)
100 participants of CRM-related events (gender disaggregated) by the end of project
2011 – 10
2012 – 30
2013 – 30
2014 – 30
2011 – Achieved. 23 participants of Inception workshop.
2012 – Not achieved. CRM training for local specialists and experts is scheduled for the 1st quarter of 2013.
2013 – Achieved.
Training course on Climate risk management for specialists and experts. 31 training participants increased their knowledge about climate risk management related issues.
Training on introducing resource-saving technologies.
30 participants including specialists of government institutions, project partners and beneficiaries learned about applicable technologies such as laser planning and drip irrigation in Turkmenistan.
2014 – Achieved.
53 government officials were involved in the Project activities associated with national consultations, National Climate Risk Profile development, and efficient use of water and resource-saving technologies.
Indicator 2.1 Number of communities receiving improved CRM information at a local level
At least 3 communities receiving improved CRM information based on Local Level Risk Assessment
2011 – Methodology for LLRA identified and agreed
2012 – LLRA conducted in selected focus communities, measures developed
2013 – 100% demo sites progress
2014 – measures completed in all 3communities
2011 – Achieved. Local Level Risk assessment in the project demo sites is planned to be undertaken in 2012.
2012 -Not achieved.
The activities on LLRA were postponed to 2013.
2013- Partially achieved. The project received assessment outcomes from local consultancy. As a follow up to this activity, the planned measures in pilot areas were drafted in November-December 2013.
2014 – Achieved. The Project facilitated capacity building initiatives and adaptation measures in the communities of 3 targeted regions. Community input and established partnership brought significant value to the Project and contributed substantially to the successful implementation of activities, such as soil fertility assessment and water management, laser land levelling, greenhouse management, horticulture development, school fencing, construction of water reservoir and water regulating devices.
Indicator 2.2 Funding mobilised for climate risk management activities
At least US$ 375K (US$ 250K – Project budget, US$ 125K – additional funding)
2014 – US$ 138 K (US$ 91 – project budget, US$ 47 K – additional funding)
2011 – Exceeded target for the entire indicator. The project contributed to the development and finalization of the Adaptation Fund Proposal (cca 3 mln.USD). CRM measures envisaged by the proposal are to be allocated for the same demo sites (Nohur, Yerbent, Sakarchaga).
2012 – No progress
2013 – No progress
2014 – No progress
Indicator 3.1 Awareness of stakeholders on CRM issues
80% of respondents correctly identify key challenges and risks
2011 – conduct initial study on stakeholder awareness
2014 – 80% of respondents correctly identify key challenges and risks as confirmed by the final study on awareness
2011 - Not achieved.
2012 – Not achieved.
2013- Achieved. Working meetings for specialists and experts were conducted by national consultant. Meetings covered the discussions on CRM issues, capacity assessment, gaps and challenges in coordination and data access.
2014- Achieved. 85%
The Project, with the support and technical assistance provided by national consultants, Regional office and CA-CRM projects, has improved national capacities, increased knowledge and awareness of the importance of risk-reduction measures.
Indicator 3.2 Level of participation of media in promotion of CRM issues
At least 3articles/knowledge products on CRM are presented in media
2011 - Communication strategy developed, key partner media identified
2012- 1 article/ knowledge product on CRM
2013- 1 article/ knowledge product on CRM
2014- 1 article/ knowledge product on CRM
Communication strategy developed and 12 articles related to adaptation and CRM in Turkmenistan are published in mass-media
2012 – Not achieved
2013- Not achieved
Communication plan for 2014 will include article and press releases.
2014 – Achieved.
1 article, 1 review report to be published in March 2015,
2 best practices, 2 booklets
and 3 press release.
The details about information products are given below in
section - Progress in Project Implementation.
Indicator 3.3 No. of case studies and best practice materials developed and disseminated through knowledge platform
At least 3 case studies and best practice materials developed and disseminated through knowledge platform
2011 – n/a (Knowledge Platform to become functional in 2012)
2012 - 1
2014 - 1
2011 – Not applicable
2012 ─No progress
2013 – Achieved. Uzbek colleagues provided a manual on laser land levelling which was translated into Turkmen and disseminated among local farmers and specialists of Ministries of Agriculture and Water Management.
2014 – Achieved.
The Project prepared a manual on garden management, booklet on soil fertility assessment with soil lab application, seedlings growing, and two best practices on terracing use and pistachio growing.
Individuals covered by awareness raising campaigns is twice bigger than population in targeted areas
2011- Not applicable
2012- Campaigns designed and initiated
2013- 1 awareness raising campaign conducted
2014- 1 awareness raising campaign conducted, overall 10% of population
2011– Not applicable
2012– No progress
1 awareness raising campaign was conducted within the VRA assessment assignment.
Awareness raising meeting with involvement of 18 participants was carried out within the school #6 (Bokurdak project region). This meeting marked the beginning of an emerging partnership between the Project and school community. The support and technical assistance provided to build a water reservoir and fence in the territory of 2 schools.
Progress in Project Implementation
In January 2014, CRM Project team developed a detailed operational plan to ensure the effective implementation of activities and targets. Activities implemented with community involvement of three project regions focused on capacity building and climate risk-reduction measures at the local level.
In close collaboration with the government agencies and local authorities, the Project improved national capacities, increased knowledge and awareness of the importance of risk-reduction measures, enhanced participation of beneficiaries in activities associated with national consultations; laser land levelling, water resource management, drip irrigation, horticulture development and soil testing.
Key achievements in 2014:
development of a National Climate Risk Profile based on the outcomes from national consultations
and climate risk assessment at local community level and mapping exercise;
review of Water sector in Turkmenistan; preparation of a report for publication;
introduction of laser land levelling technology through enhanced South-South cooperation; levelling of 37 ha of irrigated land with the use of laser land levelling equipment;
construction of 1 water reservoir and 5 water regulating devices in the project regions;
procurement of 2 prefabricated greenhouses for training and income-generating purposes;
technical and design assistance in construction of fences for 2 secondary schools;
improvement of 10 ha of land under fruit orchards through technical assistance on orchard management and implementation of new techniques; procurement of 30 garden tool sets for local gardeners;
Activity Result 1:
Improved enabling environment for CRM at systemic, institutional and individual levels.
In February 2014, a recruited local consultant on planning of the institutional and legal issues conducted a review of existing key national policies and plans of project stakeholders, particularly considering how they currently address climate change risks. The consultant facilitated a workshop for 10 national stakeholders to present guidelines for mainstreaming climate change into national policies and development plans. A special emphasis was on rational and economical use of natural resources; streamlining the natural resource management system (separation of functions of natural resource management and nature protection, independent control in the field of nature protection), strengthening environmental requirements to economical and other activities; water management; charges for natural resources use and compensation for damages caused to environment; strengthening interagency coordination and interaction with CRM.
In accordance with assignment targets and basic tools of the national policy, recommendations developed for optimization of mandates of key agencies, discussed with stakeholders at a workshop. Indicative plan with CRM measures to be implemented by priority economic sectors has been prepared and submitted to UNDP CO. Assignment outcomes are shared with the Adaptation Fund project for incorporating recommendations related to water resource management and use of natural resources into future activities.
According to the work plan, the Project supported to meteorology and hydrology services in Turkmenistan to increase their human and technical capacity through regional cooperation. Partnership with CRM Project in Kazakhstan and inputs of Kazakh specialists (Kazhydromet, Kostanay Agricultural Research Institute and National Centre of Space Research and Technology) were essential for successful implementation of consultative meeting. Meeting discussions included the issues on national priorities and avenues for improving climate scenarios and modelling, meteorological monitoring, mechanism of delivery of hydro-meteorological information and climate database in the context of climate change. Outcome from the conducted activity determined the capacity level of Turkmenhydromet and its counterparts in Kazakhstan to perform climate modelling and analysis of climate data to be used in climate risk management and adaptation planning by sectors such as agriculture and water resource management.
With the support of Regional Programme Coordinator of UNDP Central Asian Climate Risk Management Programme (CA-CRM), national consultations workshops on climate change impacts in Turkmenistan conducted for line ministries and governmental agencies. Key stakeholders discussed the long- and short-term impacts of climate change and further expert inputs for climate risk assessment at national level. A corresponding training programme was designed and being implemented accordingly (2013-2014). Vulnerability of the communities, as well as contemporary and expected (2030) impacts of long- and short-term factors of climate change on major sectors of economy were discussed in a participatory manner with active involvement of country representatives. Outcomes of the workshops were used for Climate Risk Assessment in Turkmenistan and Nnational Climate Risk Profile.
The Project supported a local coordinator of Sakarchaga project area to participate in a study tour of International programme on “Innovations in Agriculture – the Israeli technologies”. Later the study tour participant organised a round table meeting to share his newly acquired knowledge and skills with project beneficiaries and government specialists. The meeting participants were presented a serious of advanced methods and practices in agriculture management, and discussed solutions in application of similar methods and technologies in Turkmenistan. The participants noted the need of further improvement of adaptive capacity of local farmers and the importance of introduction of appropriate techniques to pilot water and resource-saving technologies in the regions. Practical experience shows that the simple techniques accepted by local farmers can lead to great benefits.
Activity result 2:
Effective Use of Climate Risk Information in rural communities with typical climatic
A radio interview was conducted with the local coordinator of Sakarchaga project area in April 13, 2014 for Watan Radio Channel (Mary branch). The local coordinator shared a study tour information on “Innovations in Agriculture – the Israeli technologies” and best practices applied in Israel with local farmers.
A local consultant was contracted in April 16, 2014 to conduct monitoring and evaluation of adaptation measures for vulnerable agricultural and livestock communities to be implemented on project sites.
International consultant was involved in September 24, 2014 to deliver training on integrated approach to water and fertilizer management for fruits and vegetables grown through drip irrigation system. Training materials included the topics: implementation of irrigations systems; drip irrigation systems: hydraulic principles; irrigations systems components; soil-plant-water-relations; nutrition management; design process; monitoring, lessons learned and video presentation. Recommendations developed for improvement of orchard management though capacity building, technical support and implementation of new techniques.
Joint planning and collaboration with the local authorities and targeted groups ensured the commitment of the sucessful project activities implementation. These are presented below for each of the Project’s pilot regions.
Nohur project area. Between March and September 2014, two government specialists provided horticulture information and hands-on trainings to local gardeners based on proven research specific to the local climate, soil and plants. The specialists guided participantsthrough all aspects of fruit growing including site preparation, general maintenance, pollination and fruit set, pruning, and training. Sessions followed by practical instructions on how to renew and refresh older trees, and to prevent and manage pest problems in an environmentally responsible way. As a result, 30 participants enhanced their capacity in understanding the benefits from gardening, integrated approaches and application of agrotechnical measures suitable to local conditions, and received garden tool sets.
With CRM Project support, 10 ha of land under apple and pear orchards were improved by local growers. Technical assistance on managing fruit orchards and duly implementation of pruning, fertilisation, and pesticide use increased fruit production in the targeted area by 8%.
Sakarchage project area. In May 2014, the Project procured a portable soil lab for local farmers of Zahmet to demonstrate the importance of water and soil analysis, proper fertilizer application and determine the deficiency or sufficiency of the element in the soil. Hands-on training was delivered on project site with involvement of 18 participants. Assignment on soil testing and fertility assessment involved 24 local specialists, farmers and experts. Key recommendations developed for optimisation of mineral nutrients of wheat and cotton. Information material on soil analysis and assessment presented for further dissemination in project region.
In addition, within the laser levelling activity a contract awarded for Easy Farming Company to supply of agricultural equipment, namely: a land laser levelling unit and tractor drawn scraper. 37 ha of irrigated land were levelled with the use of laser land levelling equipment.
Bokurdak project area. In June 2014, the Project carried out awareness raising meeting with involvement of 18 participants within the school #6. This meeting marked the beginning of an emerging partnership between the Project and school community. The support and technical assistance provided to build a drinking water reservoir and fence in the territory of 2 schools in Sowma and Yerbent. 598 people (teachers and students) benefited from implemented adaptation measures.
The Project procured 2 prepafbricated greenhouses for training and income-generating purposes. Monitoring mission will be conducted during a no-cost extension period.
Activity result 3:
CRM knowledge, lessons-learned and best practices in the CA-CRM project disseminated.
A National Climate Risk Profile (NCRP) was developed by recruited International expert in consultation with the national focal points and regional team. International expert performed the assignment tasks based on a series reports and studies, inputs from national stakeholder consultations, socio-economic impacts of the long-term climate change processes and current climate variability. The present document comprises a country-specific information, including climate change analysis, climate hazard analysis, climate change impacts on priority sectors and national development, institutions and capacity building, and climate risk management options. The Scientific ResearchHydrometeorologicalInstitute ofUzhydromet and National Focal Point of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change(UNFCCC) provided valuable reviews, support and technical inputs. The document will be presented and discussed with the stakeholders in January 2015.
With the assistance of government specialists, research workers and farmers, a set of effective and efficient methods have been identified, discussed and documented by experienced national consultant. The best practices on the use of terrace system and grafting of nut plants (pistachios) have been prepared on the basis of simplified version of World Overview of Conservation Approaches and Technologies (WOCAT). These methods are already sucessfully implemented in Ahal and Mary regions.
South-South cooperation provided greater support to national and regional activities implementation. In May 2014, four national representatives attend at the Central Asian scientific and practical conference: State and problems of Central Asian wheat production sectors in the face of climate change. The conference was organized and hosted by UNDP CRM Tajikistan with overall financial support and technical guidance from Climate Resilience Wheat (CRW) Project, UNDP Kazakhstan.
In June 2014, the Project supported two national specialists to participate in the International conference on Water resources and arid zones ecosystems of the world in climate change organised by UNDP CRM Uzbekistan.
List of meeting/conferences/trainings in 2014
National stakeholder consultations. Climate risk assessment workshops. 28-29 January; 28 April
Study tour of the International programme on “Innovations in Agriculture – the Israeli technologies”, Israel. 18-25
A series of hands-on trainings on horticulture development and garden management;
implementation of new techniques (pruning, fertilisation, and pesticide use) to enhance fruit production. 24-28 March; 17-22 June; 22-26 September
Working meeting with Adaptation Fund Project (AF) team. 11 April
Regional meeting on experience and lessons learnt from WOCAT, Dushanbe. 16-17 April
AF project workshop on the assessment of socio-economic impacts of climate change. 1 May
Workshop on exchanging experience in climate scenarios and modeling, meteorological monitoring, information storage and delivery in the context of climate change. 6 May
Expert meeting on planning of the institutional and legal issues for climate risks integration. 12 May;
Hands-on training on portable soil lab application. Soil fertility and water management. 4-6 June
AF project seminar on discussing the methodology for calculating tariffs for water supply. 19 June
Expert meetings on review and update the report on Assessment of Water sector in Turkmenistan. 7, 26 August; 10, 30 September
Trainings on Integrated approach to water and fertilizer management for fruits and vegetables grown through drip irrigation system. 22, 25 September
Hands-on training on laser land levelling of irrigated land. 13-20 October
Hands-on training on soil fertility assessment. 2 December