(A Grassroots Planning Document of MCBO-Mir Baz Khel, Village-Gul Baz Dehqan, Union Council Taja Zai, DIU-Lakki Marwat)
Male Community Based Organization(MCBO) Gul Baz Dehqan
23rd December, 2013.
Geographical Location 3
Social Mobilization in Village Gul Baz Dehqan 3
Objective of VDP development 4
Transact walk Community Meeting 5
Our Vision 5
Socio-Economic Situation 5
Seasonal calendar 9
Wealth Ranking 11
Action Plans 15
Community Needs other than Schemes: 17
Village Map 18
Community Action Plan (CAP) is the planning document of Village Gul baz dehqan designed by the men community members. In this activity the organized community of that area do joint planning for the solution of their common problems in order to get short, medium and long term results.
Village Gul Baz Dehqan situated in Union Council Taja Zai of Tehsil and DistrictLakki Marwat. According to elders of the village approximately 150 years back Gul Baz with his family came from Kala Bagh District Mian Wali to this Area. He was a farmer. Slowly and gradually his Tribe increased and taken the shape of present village. In Urdu Dehqan is called a farmer, as he was a famer that’s way this village is known as Gul Baz Dehqan.
Gul Baz Dehqan is located at the distance of 17 Kms from southwest of Lakki city andon main National Highway in the Eastern of Indus high way. In the East of Gul Baz Dehqan Village Wanda Zearan is located (2-Kms), in the Westlies village Toor Lawang Khel (3-Kms), in North Village Taja Zai (4-Kms) and in the South there is village Asmat Abad (2-Kms) is situated.
Social Mobilization in Village Gul Baz Dehqan
The process of community organizations formation in Gul Baz Dehqan started from29thOctober, 2013. KP-SADP played an instrumental role in social mobilization through regular meeting with community, awareness raising and self reliance. As a result of the social mobilization carried out by KP-SADP there are two Male CBOs communities formed. Male CBO- Mir Baz Khel formed on 20thNovember, 2013, having membership of 28,M-CBO-Hamdard formed on 27thNovember, 2013 with 34members.These two Male community based organizations covered the integral part of the village. Reported Community Organizations have provided community with platforms to identify their potentials and enhance their skills.CO being a Mohallah level organization focus on the needs, issues and resources of the concernMohallah, therefore a need felt of community organization to bring socio-economic change in the village.
KP-SADP facilitated the community for their strategic felt need and conducted community assembly both for men and women. In the community based meeting,they discuss their needs, opportunities and organized into Community Based Organization.
CBO-Mir Baz Khel members developed their village development plan through intensive 6 hours participation.
Objective of VDP development
Objectivesof CAP formulation includes following;
Identification of villages level developmental issues and challenges.
To suggest and develop mechanism for community based developmental interventions.
To plan and strategize for overall community development through analyzing community issues, resources and opportunities.
To contribute in improvement of living standard of target community.
Information for CAP formulation is collected through different interactive methodologies which include:-
Daily activity charts (Time managed activity)
Wealth ranking (poverty ranking)
Focus Group Discussion (FGD)
Group discussion & transect walk
Focus group discussion and group work held with community men incorporated in community action plan.KP-SADP DIU-Lakki Marwat officials attended the sessions and documented the gathered information. Through the mentioned techniques community set their development vision for future.
Empowered community with problem (needs) free environment where people will have facilities of health, education and skill enhancement with increased participation in decision making through viable institutions.
All the information in this portion is collected from community through a designed checklist. Gul Baz Dehqan is a revenue village having 500 household. In the locality of the village there are communities of five different tribes, out of which approximately 30% Mir Baz Khel, 25% Mastan Khel, 22% Faqeer Khel, 13% Malagan and 10% are Samander khel.
In the village for village level decision making there is Jirga system. Jirga has only representation of men but making decisions both for community men and women. Therefore women are ultimately excluded in traditional village level decision making process.
Community of the said locality categorize in different categories of wealth ranking ranging from poorest of the poor to well off having varying access to resources. The living arrangement and construction of houses also varies, most of the houses are muddy some of them are made with bricks and mud and few were cemented houses. In Gul Baz Dehqan16% houses are cemented and 52% and 32% houses are half and full mudded respectively.
Inhabitants of the Village have land for agriculture purpose and 70% of the peoples are involved directly and indirectly in it. 40% of the peoples earning proportion of population totally depend on agriculture for their livelihoodthat haven’t their own land but cultivate on 50-50 sharing bases, 50% out of 70% have a portion of earning of livelihood from Agriculture those commitment on crops sharing with the land owner and also having some land in the village. For irrigation of cultivable land there are five tube wells andthere is no other any sort of irrigation system available. From agriculture point of view, land of Gul Baz Dehqan is alluvial for all kind of crops cultivation/sowing provided availability of irrigation water for it.
The farmers/tenants plough by tractor. District Lakki Marwat as whole is arid-zone/rain fed area; production depends upon the rainfall ratio. In harvesting season there is local term used Vegar, it is to collectively harvest the crop of one farmer/tenant then the second and continued till accomplishment. There is no spray machine and other modern appliances with community used to prevent plants from insects and weeds grown in the field that affect the productivity of the crops and human lives from various diseases prevail out of it.
As the community has landholding and cultivate crops such as, wheat,maize, gram andmillet along with that they also cultivate green fodder for livestock in both seasons.
While discussing issues associated with agriculture sector community mentioned that the community has no timely access to fertilizers and certified seed at their village. Unavailability of water in time and lack of modern technology and technical expertise for agriculture also persist.
As known to all that agriculture and livestock is part n parcel to each other,Community also depends on livestock both for domestic and earning purposes. Therefore they used to keep goats, sheep’s,cows,donkeys, Bulls and poultry within their houses. In the village there is considerable number of livestock mentioned below.
Both the community men and women are supposed to do livestock raring and management. But it ismentioned by community that they are using traditional old methods for this purpose and never attended training on the subject matter. There is also lack of facility to provide cure to livestock related diseases having no linkages with service provider. The community members demanded Civil Veterinary Centre(CVC) and Civil Veterinary Dispensary (CVD) to prevent livestock from various diseases.
The academic condition of the village is not so good. Two Government Primary Schools for boys (GPS-B) with 300 and 105 students enrolled, along with boys schools there is only one Government Girls Primary Schools ( GGPS) with 110 enrolled students.
The academic data provided by the community members is as : in men there 20 MAs, 50 BAs, 170 FAs, 400 Matriculate and 1100 both middle and primary, on the other hand females are 3 MA, 3 BA, 10 FAs, 20 Matriculate and 130 are middle and primary respectively.
There is no health facility from Government side, two army retired personnel’s of medical core are practicing and providing medicines and consultations at their private level, the inhabitants avail their services/consultations only in minor diseases like throat infection, cough, chest infection, motions, vomiting etc. For major cases they approach to nearby village (4 kms) Taja Zai where Government Basic Health Unit is available or they rather approach to District Headquarter Hospital Lakki at the distance of 6 kms. There is even no mother care canter so in case of delivery they approach to DHQ-Lakki.There are two Family Planning Workers who just give primary precautionary measures to mothers and a little bit medicines as per the direction of Family Planning Association of Pakistan (FPAP). Though there is casual arrangement of vaccination of children from Government.Thereis no facility for reproductive health& family planning forwomen. Waterborn diseases are also common in the area due to lack of proper sewerage system.
All the households in locality have access to electricity, mobile services facility is even available in remote and far flung areas of the country and considered a good development in the field of communication, community members stated.
In village Gul Baz DehqanOne DWSS tube well installed by the Government, however the water quality is not potable hence instead of humanbeing its water is used by the livestock drinking because it is saline and unfit for drinking, cooking and washing clothes, the dwellers use it only for the said purpose. The dwellers dogged water bores by their own in their individual houses hand pumps , its water is usable for drinking,cooking and washing clothes purpose, its number according to the villagers is 150, along with that there are pressure pumps using for the same purpose and its number is 80.
As per the information of community members 80% dwellers have flush latrines 20% have pit latrines and 20% ODF, these 20% male are doing ODF while they arranged pit latrines within their houses for their women but in a shabby condition.Street of the village are totally unpaved and there is no proper sewerage and solid wastes disposal system in the entire village.
Traditionally the women are supposed to live within houses and undertake productive, reproductive and community tasks. As a part of their productive tasks women do embroidery, stitching etc. but there is no vocational center to enhance the skills of both men and women and give them opportunity to sell their products for income generation.
The area is prone to some natural and manmade disaster likesdrought, earthquake and environmentalissues. But the respective community has no awareness about disasters; therefore there are no disaster preparedness and risk management strategies at local level.
Gul Baz Dehqan village is absolutely lacking in social structure like education, health & Sanitation and environment, there are no streets lights even streets are paved.
The phenomenon of unemployment is also common in Gul Baz Dehqan village like other adjacentareas. About15% of population of earning age is unemployed and with no income to fulfil their basic needs.
Community men draw their respective seasonal calendars. The purpose of seasonal calendar is to point out and document community engagement during the whole year. The calendar also shows availability of community for development interventions and other engagement of community with socially given activities. The activity also shows community role in agriculture, livestock, education and other sectors of development. There seasonal calendar revealed that community has comparatively with more time for development interventions during winter and spring seasons.
Group Work Activity
The given tool described professions of the target community. Thisinformation is for that proportion of population who is earning and has economic responsibilities of their household.
Above table shows that 70% of earning people have acquiredprofession associated with agriculture while 8% are Government servant , 6% have their own businesses, and 16% skilled labour (Tailors, Painters, Masons, drivers etc)&Unskilled.
Through a PRA tool called wealth ranking participants categorize community into four major economic categoriespoorest of the poor, poor, better off and well off.
During the exercise community classified 500 community households under these four categories.
The given chart shows that 20hh of the total households of village Gul Baz Dehqan are well off, 250hh are better off, 150hh are poor and 80hh are poorest of the poor according to the criteria developed by the community for wealth ranking. The criterion for the ranking purpose is given below.
Criteria for wealth ranking
-Needs and requirements of a daily routine can be easily fulfilled and can cope with unexpected financial expenses and unfavorable situations.
-can support other (family& other people) in case of any crises.
-owned more than one income sources.
-Needs and requirement of daily routine can achieve hardly
-income and expenses are equal.
- can provide education to their children.
-Those who can afford 3 times meal a day but unable to fulfill other needs.
-Those whocannot bear expenses of health and education.
-Expenditures are more than their income
-do not have theirown residence.
-Those who have nothing to meet their basic needs and rely maximum on others.
Need prioritization is one of the tool by whom one can easily asses the dire need of any sort of problem/issue facing by any kind of community it may be, like rural, business, urban etc. As is self-explanatory needs/problems/issues should written in a tabular form in this tool then the peoples will grade/prefer the most dire need they facing and should be written in a prioritized form.
-Community will be able to drink pure and clean water
-Prevention from water born diseases.
-it will be easy for children and elders to move through streets particularly in rainy days.
CBO with the support of KP-SADP and coordination with other Govt. line agencies
KP-SADP and development departments and establishment.
- Easy mobility ,
-For clean streets, atmosphere and avoid water born diseases.
Through CBO forwarded resolutions to KP-SADP to line department.
By CBO With coordination and support KP-SADP and relevant line department.
-Easy Mobility and Clean Environment
Basic Health Unit.
-For prevention from diseases andtimely treatment.
CBO would request through resolution to health department and other different organizations working in health sector.
KP-SADP and MOH
-Health facility will provided at the village level.
-Qualified health staff will available.
-Death rate and disease rate will be controlled.
Education (Up gradation of Schools)
-Because there is no Middle/High School for male and female
Through Support of KP-SADP and E&SE Department
By the CBO initiation and cordial relation with E&SE Department
-Literacy level will be increased
-Access to education will be possible for each and every one
Community Needs other than Schemes:
Apart from the CAP activity CBO members also identified in the meeting that;
Three (3) members of the CBO need improved quality Goat bread for asset building activity.
Four (4) members of the CBO are in need of Cash or Capital to start their small scale business.
One (1) members of the CBO are disabled and need some monetary help to get medical treatment or wheel chairs.
Four (4) members of the CBO want Skill Training in Trades like Mobile Repairing and Tailoring.
Four (4) members of the CBO show interest in getting Agriculture Extension Worker Training.
Twelve (12) members of the CBO are in need of Irrigation water and other Agriculture related tools & equipment to improve the productivity of their Farm Land.
Project Implementation and Operation&Maintenance system for Different Schemes:
For the sustainability of the schemes so that the community can get benefits of the schemes for long time it was shared by SADP facilitators that as project give one time facility to the community whatever the needs are and SADP work according to the voice&choice of the community and gives their full support to community for fulfilling their needs but the overall implementation is that of CBO/EIG and at the end all the schemes will be handed over to concerned CBO/EIG and they will be responsible for overall management and maintenance. The facilitated also shared the SADP working mechanism of making different committees for a scheme.
The concerned community was agreed to form different committee when any scheme is approved and they will also form Operation & Maintenance Committee according to the nature of scheme and will be consist of responsible persons and will work with close coordination of executive and general body of the relevant CBO/EIG and they also decided that source of funds will be regular fund collection from beneficiaries, donations from rich people, MNAs and MPAs and donations on special days.
CAP is a crucial activity for the community needs and overall analysis of the area. As mentioned above that village Gul Baz Dehqan consists of 500HHs, major tribes here are Mir Baz Khel, Mastan Khel, Faqeer Khel, Malagan and Samanderkhel, representatives from all the five tribes attended the meeting and gives their opinion/consultation about the problems/issues they are facing in their village. There were 35 persons present in the meeting, from the age of 19-20 to 60-65 years old, peoples from all walks of life participated in it. All these participants belonging to Male CBO Mir Baz Khel, during discussion all the participants with one voice identified the Drinking Water as their first prioritized need, when asked about women right in the decision making they replied that it’s a common problem of all inhabitants of Village Gul Baz Dehqan,that includes women, men and children of the village. They have consent with male members in this regard.CBOs Profile so for contribution is concerned (85%/15%), during discussion they clearly gives their choice that they ready for any kind of labour/material.