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AP HUMAN GEOGRAPHY

(SECONDARY)


ESSENTIAL UNIT 5 (E05)
(Political Organization of Space & Development)

(July 2015)


Unit Statement: Essential unit five looks at the political organization of territory at different scales. The student is introduced to the different forces that shaped the evolution of the contemporary world’s political map. These forces include the rise of nation-states in Europe, the influence of colonialism, the rise of supranational organizations, and devolution of states. The student also learns models of economic development to understand why the world is divided into a more-developed economic core and a less-developed periphery. He/she also learns measures of development such as GDP, HDI, GII, and the Gini coefficient; tools to understand patterns of economic differences. Countries, regions, and communities must confront new patterns of economic inequity that are linked to geographies of interdependence in the world economy, including global financial crises.

Essential Outcomes: (must be assessed for mastery)



  1. The Student Will identify the defining attributes of a state and describe the notion of sovereignty. (8.1)




  1. TSW analyze the evolution of contemporary political patterns. (8.1-8.12)




  1. TSW identify the five basic shapes of states explaining their potential problems by providing example for each. (8.6)




  1. TSW explain the process of gerrymandering and its effect on legislative boundaries. (8.9)




  1. TSW explain how states cooperate with each for other economic and military reasons giving examples from NATO, the EU, ASEAN, and NAFTA and the UN. (8.10)




  1. TSW identify the nine specific regions of developed and developing countries explaining the concept of development. (9.1-9.2)




  1. TSW evaluate the impact of schooling, health care, empowerment of women and gender issues on the process of development. (9.3-9.5)




  1. TSW identify and explain the two models (paths) for development; providing examples, assessing shortcomings, and formulating an argument of which is most effective (Rostow, Wallerstein). (9.6)




  1. TSW explain how the WTO, World Bank, IMF and foreign direct investment operate and compare criticisms of progressives and conservatives. (9.7)




  1. TSW explain “core” and “periphery” in relation to world economy; describe ways the gap in development has or hasn’t narrowed. (9.10)




  1. TSW assess Sub-Saharan Africa’s prospects for future development. (9.10)


Practiced/Ongoing Outcomes: (not formally assessed)


  1. The Student Will interpret maps and analyze geospatial data.

  2. TSW understand and explain the implications of associations and networks in places.

  3. TSW recognize and interpret the relationships among patterns and processes at different scales of analysis.

  4. TSW define regions and evaluate the regionalization process.

  5. TSW characterize and analyze changing interconnections among places.


Key Terms and Concepts: (also look at Ch.8 & Ch.9 glossary)

Annexation


Boundary, disputes (definitional; locational; operational; allocational)

Boundary, origin (antecedent; subsequent; superimposed; relic)


Boundary, process (definition; delimitation; demarcation)


Boundary, type (natural/physical; ethnographic/ cultural; geometric)


Territorial morphology (compact; fragmented; elongated; prorupt; perforated)

Conference of Berlin (1884)


Core/ periphery

Decolonization


Devolution


Domino theory


EEZ


European Union


Federal


Forward capital


Geopolitics


Gerrymander


Global commons


International organization


Iron Curtain


Irredentism


Law of the Sea


Mackinder, Halford J.


Manifest destiny


Nation


National iconography


Nation-state


Raison d’être


Reapportionment


Regionalism


Self-determination


Shatter belt


Sovereignty


State


Stateless nation


Suffrage


Unitary


USSR collapse


Treaty ports


Women’s enfranchisement


Cultural convergence


Dependency theory


Foreign direct investment


Gross domestic product (GDP)


Gross national product (GNP)


Human Development Index


Levels of development


Measures of development


Purchasing power parity


Rostow, W.W.


“Stages of Growth” model


Technology gap


Technology transfer



Third World


Confederation


Enclave/ exclave


Immigrant states


Microstate/ Ministate


Satellite state


UNCLOS


Physical Quality of Life Index


Electoral regions


Heartland/rimland


Median-line principle


Reunification


Supranationalism


Development


Neo-colonialism


World Systems Theory


Energy consumption


Buffer state







Suggested Materials/Resources:

  • Rubenstein, Chapter 8 and 9: “Political Geography” and “Development”

  • Kuby, Harner, and Gober, Chapter 13 and 7: “Breaking Up Is Hard to Do: Nations, States, and Nation-States” and “Rags and Riches: The Dimensions of Development”

  • Pearson’s Human Geography video series, “Yemeni Futures” and “Gross National Happiness”


Technology Links:
WebPath Express (found in school library)
Korean Athletes March Together Into Sydney Olympics: http://www1.korea-np.co.jp/pk/148th_issue/2000092710.htm

Moroccan Delegation Arrives in Manhasset

http://www.westernsaharaonline.net/misc/news_desc.cfm?ItemID=0102J84640788856A08040441

Hausmann, R. 2001. “Prisoners of Geography” 2001-01-01:

http://www.hks.harvard.edu/fs/rhausma/editorial/fp01_prisoners_geog.htm

CIA World Factbook https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/wi.html

Egin, Keenan. The Arab Spring: The 5.0 Democracy Wave: http://www.hurriyetdailynews.com/default.aspx?pageid=438&n=the-arab-spring-the-5.0-democracy-wave-2011-08-19

Gerrymandering Began Here; Let’s End it Here: http://rangevoting.org/BGWed.html



Gerrymandering: The Film Jeff Reichert (Writer/Director) Green Film Company, 2008

Rock, J. The Geographic Nature of Terrorism. http://www.ontology.buffalo.edu/smith/courses01/papers/Rock(Geo).pdf

Helman, G., Ratner, S. June 21, 2010. Foreign Policy, Saving Failed States http://foreignpolicy.com/2010/06/15/saving-failed-states/

The Question of “Failed States,” Australia and the Notion of State Failure. Minh Nguyen, 2005, View on Asia Briefing Series: http://www.uniya.org/research/state_failure.pdf

Education and Economic Development in Africa 2010 Kwabena Gyimah Brempong: http://www.afdb.org/fileadmin/uploads/afdb/Documents/Knowledge/Session II.2.1_2. Education and Economic Development in Africa.pdf

Graphically compare countries on just about anything http://www.nationmaster.com

United Nations Social and Economic Council: http://www.un.org/en/ecosoc/

Human Development Index: http://hdr.undp.org/en/


Assessment Tools and Strategies:


  • Discuss with your students the role of geography in the evolution of the concept of the states.




Evolution of the state

Place

Influence of Geography

City-States







Empires







Nation-States









  • Assign students the task of identifying the types of state along with advantages and disadvantages of the shapes particularly in governance and geographic connections.



Types of Shapes

Example

Advantages and/or Disadvantages of Shape











































  • Ask students to research other examples of economic cooperation worldwide and map them. Provide them with a map of the world and ask them to use different colors for each group.




  • Using the internet as your source,

  1. Create two tables or graphs that show the top ten most developed nations and bottom ten least developed countries. Use Human Development Index.

  2. Create two other tables, charts, or graphs showing countries with highest and lowest Gross National Income. Use at least 10 countries.

  3. Use Per Capita Gross National Income data to create two other tables as the two above.

  4. Analyze and discuss these charts.

  5. Discuss the data in your research on measures of development. What do your findings have in common and how do they contrast?

  6. Given the definitions of economic development used in your text or in class, are these true measures of development? Which do you think is the best measure of economic development?

Explain in detail.

  1. Which of the indicators that you have researched best adhere to the stated definition of development used in your textbook and class handouts? Explain.

  2. Show the information on the three world maps provided. Are there any spatial patterns that these results create? Explain.

Please ensure that your tables, chart, or maps include your sources with dates. All tables must have a title and a key if necessary.





  • In-class assignment:

Assign one side of your class the self-sufficiency model and the other the international trade model. Ask students to fill in the table with information from the textbook. You may also give them additional readings or if time permits, let them bring in their own information.




Model

Description

Shortcomings

Successful Countries

Self-sufficiency model









International Trade model









International lending agencies such as the World Bank and the International Monetary Fund act as an engine of globalization, encouraging countries in economic difficulties to liberalize their economies, eliminate trade barriers, increase exports and devalue their currency to meet the demands of structural adjustment programs.




  • After viewing the documentaries “The Trade Trap” and “The Coffee Go Round” and using the criticism put forward by your textbook, validate or oppose the above argument with your own research. Your paper must include a brief synopsis of each film and show why this topic would be geographic.




  • Teacher created assessments

  • Teacher Observation

  • Generated Tests from textbook

  • Previous AP Exam Questions

  • Student created projects/presentations



RUBRIC FOUND ON FOLLOWING PAGE………………………….

AP HUMAN GEOGRAPHY

Suggested Essential Unit 5 (E05) Rubric:

Name _____________________________________Class________ Date _______________

• All TSW’s must be mastered for a ‘B’.

• 4 of 7 ‘A’-level blocks should be met for an ‘A’.



• Teachers may choose to use their own rubrics; however, all TSW’s must be assessed.

The Student Will

A’ Above Mastery

B’ Mastery

Notes

  1. identify the defining attributes of a state and describe the notion of sovereignty




identify the defining attributes of a state and describe the notion of sovereignty




  1. analyze the evolution of the contemporary political patterns

analyze the evolution of varied contemporary political patterns giving detailed examples

analyze the evolution of the contemporary political patterns giving an overview




  1. identify the five basic shapes of states explaining their potential problems by providing example for each




identify the five basic shapes of states explaining their potential problems by providing example for each




  1. explain the process of gerrymandering and its effect on legislative boundaries

explain the process of gerrymandering and its effect on legislative boundaries applying current examples

explain the process of gerrymandering and its effect on legislative boundaries




  1. explain how states cooperate with each for other economic and military reasons giving examples from NATO, the EU, ASEAN, and NAFTA and the UN

explain how states cooperate with each for other economic and military reasons giving examples from NATO, the EU, ASEAN, and NAFTA and the UN comparing the benefits and drawbacks

explain how states cooperate with each for other economic and military reasons giving examples from NATO, the EU, ASEAN, and NAFTA and the UN




  1. explain the concept of development and the differences between developed and developing countries and identify the nine world regions specifying which are developed and which are developing

explain the concept of development and varied differences between developed and developing countries and identify the nine world regions, specifying which are developed and which are developing

explain the concept of development and a difference between developed and developing countries and identify the nine world regions, specifying which are developed and which are developing




  1. evaluate the impact of schooling, health care, empowerment of women and gender issues on the process of development

evaluate the impact of schooling, health care, empowerment of women and gender issues on the process of development giving various examples

evaluate the impact of schooling, health care, empowerment of women and gender issues on the process of development giving an overview




  1. identify and explain the two models (paths) for development, and provide examples for each assessing the shortcomings of the models and formulate an argument as to which one would ultimately be more effective

identify and explain the two models (paths) for development, and provide examples for each assessing the shortcomings of the models and formulate an argument as to which one would ultimately be more effective

identify and explain the two models (paths) for development, and provide an example for each assessing the shortcomings of the models and formulate a simple argument as to which one would ultimately be more effective




  1. explain how the WTO, World Bank, IMF and foreign direct investment operate and compare their criticisms by progressives with those of conservatives




explain how the WTO, World Bank, IMF and foreign direct investment operate and compare their criticisms by progressives with those of conservatives




  1. explain what is meant by the “core” and “periphery” in the world economy and in what ways the gap in development between these regions has or hasn’t narrowed




explain what is meant by the “core” and “periphery” in the world economy and in what ways the gap in development between these regions has or hasn’t narrowed




  1. assess Sub-Saharan Africa’s prospects for future development

assess Sub-Saharan Africa’s prospects for future development and support your own ideas for the future

assess Sub-Saharan Africa’s prospects for future development






QSI AP HUMAN GEOGRAPHY SEC E05



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