Cbd third National Report Armenia (English version)



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MINISTRY ON NATURE PROTECTION

OF THE REPUBLIC OF ARMENIA

THIRD NATIONAL REPORT ON BIODIVERSITY

YEREVAN 2006

CONTENTS


YEREVAN 2006 2

CONTENTS 3

A. REPORTING PARTY 9

Information on the preparation of the report 10

B. PRIORITY SETTING, TARGETS AND OBSTACLES 11

Priority Setting 12

Challenges and Obstacles to Implementation 14

2010 Target 16

Protect and rehabilitate the forest ecosystems, especially the forest areas damaged in 1990-95; 37

Protect and rehabilitate the main water-marsh ecosystems (including the Lake Sevan, the lake Gilli and the lake Arpi); 37

Rehabilitate the landscape harmed as a result of industrial activities and their biodiversity. 37

Global Strategy for Plant Conservation (GSPC) 58

The Conference of the Parties, in decision VI/9, annex, adopted the Global Strategy for Plant Conservation. Parties and Governments are invited to develop their own targets with this flexible framework. The Conference of the Parties considered the Strategy as a pilot approach for the use of outcome oriented targets under the Convention. In decision VII/10, the Conference of the Parties decided to integrate the targets into the reporting framework for the Third National Reports. Please provide relevant information by responding to the questions and requests contained in the following tables. 58

Ecosystem Approach 74

C. ARTICLES OF THE CONVENTION 77

Article 5 – Cooperation 77

Article 6 - General measures for conservation and sustainable use 80

Biodiversity and Climate Change 82

Article 7 - Identification and monitoring 83

Decisions on Taxonomy 86

Article 8 - In-situ conservation 90

[Excluding paragraphs (a) to (e), (h) and (j)] 90

Programme of Work on Protected Areas (Article 8 (a) to (e)) 92

Article 8(h) - Alien species 96

Article 8(j) - Traditional knowledge and related provisions
100

GURTS 100

Status and Trends 101

Akwé:Kon Guidelines 101

Capacity Building and Participation of Indigenous and Local Communities 101

Support to implementation 102

Article 9 - Ex-situ conservation 104

Article 10 - Sustainable use of components of biological diversity 105

Biodiversity and Tourism 109

Article 11 - Incentive measures 110

Article 12 - Research and training 113

Article 13 - Public education and awareness 115

Article 14 - Impact assessment and minimizing adverse impacts 119

Article 15 - Access to genetic resources 123

Article 16 - Access to and transfer of technology 126

Programme of Work on transfer of technology and technology cooperation 127

Article 17 - Exchange of information 129

Article 18 - Technical and scientific cooperation 131

Article 19 - Handling of biotechnology and distribution of its benefits 133

Article 20 – Financial resources 134

D. THEMATIC AREAS 141

Challenges 142

Programme of Work 142

Agricultural 142

Forest 142

Marine and coastal 142

Inland
water ecosystem 142

Dry and sub humid lands 142

Mountain 142

(a) Lack of political will and support 142

2 142

1 142


- 142

1 142


3 142

2 142


(b) Limited public participation and stakeholder involvement 142

2 142


2 142

- 142


2 142

3 142


2 142

(c) Lack of main-streaming and integration of biodiversity issues into other sectors 142

3 142

2 142


- 142

1 142


3 142

2 142


(d) Lack of precautionary and proactive measures 142

3 142


3 142

- 142


3 142

3 142


3 142

(e) Inadequate capacity to act, caused by institutional weakness 142

3 142

3 142


- 142

3 142


3 142

3 142


(f) Lack of transfer of technology and expertise 142

2 142


2 142

- 142


2 142

3 142


2 142

(g) Loss of traditional knowledge 142

3 142

2 142


- 142

2 142


3 142

2 142


(h) Lack of adequate scientific research capacities to support all the objectives 142

2 142


3 142

- 142


2 142

3 142


3 142

(i) Lack of accessible knowledge and information 142

2 142

3 142


- 142

1 142


3 142

2 142


(j) Lack of public education and awareness at all levels 142

2 142


2 142

- 142


2 142

3 142


2 142

(k) Existing scientific and traditional knowledge not fully utilized 142

2 142

2 142


- 142

1 142


3 142

3 142


(l) Loss of biodiversity and the corresponding goods and services it provides not properly understood and documented 142

3 142


3 142

- 142


3 142

3 142


3 142

(m) Lack of financial, human, technical resources 142

3 142

3 142


- 142

3 142


3 142

3 142


(n) Lack of economic incentive measures 142

3 142


3 142

- 142


3 142

3 142


3 142

(o) Lack of benefit-sharing 142

3 142

3 142


- 142

3 142


3 142

3 142


(p) Lack of synergies at national and international levels 142

2 142


1 142

- 142


1 142

3 142


2 142

(q) Lack of horizontal cooperation among stakeholders 142

3 142

3 142


- 142

2 142


3 142

3 142


(r) Lack of effective partnerships 143

2 143


2 143

- 143


2 143

3 143


2 143

(s) Lack of engagement of scientific community 143

2 143

3 143


- 143

2 143


3 143

3 143


(t) Lack of appropriate policies and laws 143

3 143


2 143

- 143


2 143

3 143


3 143

(u) Poverty 143

3 143

3 143


- 143

3 143


3 143

3 143


(v) Population pressure 143

2 143


3 143

- 143


3 143

3 143


3 143

(w) Unsustainable consumption and production patterns 143

3 143

3 143


- 143

3 143


3 143

3 143


(x) Lack of capacities for local communities 143

3 143


3 143

- 143


3 143

3 143


3 143

(y) Lack of knowledge and practice of ecosystem-based approaches to management 143

3 143

3 143


- 143

3 143


3 143

3 143


(z) Weak law enforcement capacity 143

3 143


2 143

- 143


2 143

3 143


3 143

(aa) Natural disasters and environmental change 143

3 143

2 143


- 143

2 143


3 143

3 143


(bb) Others (please specify) 143

Inland water ecosystems 143

Marine and coastal biological diversity 145

General 145

Implementation of Integrated Marine and Coastal Area Management 146

Marine and Coastal Living Resources 147

Marine and Coastal Protected Areas 148

Mariculture 148

Alien Species and Genotypes 149

Agricultural biological diversity 149

Annex to decision V/5 - Programme of work on agricultural biodiversity 151

Forest Biological Diversity 156

General 156

Expanded programme of work on forest biological diversity 157

Biological diversity of dry and sub-humid lands 164

Mountain Biodiversity 166

E. OPERATIONS OF THE CONVENTION 170

F. COMMENTS ON THE FORMAT 172





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