Fire: First to use (cook, hunt, protect, create tools and warmth)
Terra Amata- each spring, followed herds of animals and feasted with other clans.
Language- Grunts and simple words with gestures.
Clothing: Draped animal skins.
“Wiseman” term for homo sapiens- found in Neander Valley in 1856. Eurasian. Appearance: Short and stocky with large muscles. Arthritis led to stooping figures. Good for cold weather. Lot of wear on teeth; their third hand. http://www.colinmayne.com/neanderthal.html
Food- Organized group hunts to confuse prey. Holes in ground for refrigeration.
Language- How advanced is debated.
Tools- Different tools for different purposes (knives, spears,scrapers). They had large brains.
Fire- Made fire with sticks or stones.
Rituals- Buried their dead, perhaps even with some formal ceremony. The Neanderthals worked together in a community, even cared for their sick-cared for broken bones.
Clothing- Punched holes in hides and tied together. 1st to do this. http://www.realhistoryww.com/world_history/ancient/Homo_habilis_erectus_neanderthal.htm
Homo Sapiens Sapiens
Term means “Doubly Wiseman”.
Originated in Africa and spread to Europe (Cro-Magnon), Asia and Australia and eventually to North and South America. A lot of this travel occurred during the ice age. Land bridges allowed the passage from one spot to another (Bering Strait). http://www.realhistoryww.com/world_history/ancient/cro_magnon_Homo_sapien.htm