Furan, cas # 110-00-9 Standard Operating Procedure



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Furan, CAS # 110-00-9

Standard Operating Procedure

Furan


This is an SOP template and is not complete until: 1) lab specific information is entered into the box below 2) lab specific protocol/procedure is added to the protocol/procedure section and
3) SOP has been signed and dated by the PI and relevant lab personnel.

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Laboratory Safety Manual and Chemical Hygiene Plan.
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Type of SOP:



Process



Hazardous Chemical



Hazardous Class


Purpose

Furan is generally used as a monomer for radical polymerizations. It is used in the manufacture of cotton textiles, and in the synthesis of nylon.


Physical and Chemical Properties / Definition of Chemical Group


CAS:

110-00-9



Class:

Flammable liquid, Carcinogen, Target organ effect, Toxic by ingestion, Irritant, Mutagen, Peroxide former

Molecular Formula:

C4H4O

Form (physical state):

Liquid

Color:

Colorless

Boiling Point:

32 oC

Potential Hazards / Toxicity


Potential Health Effects




Target Organs:

Liver, Central nervous system, Gastro-intestinal system

Inhalation:

May be harmful if inhaled. Causes respiratory tract irritation.

Skin:

May be harmful if absorbed through skin. Causes skin irritation.

Eyes:

Causes eye irritation.

Ingestion:

Toxic if swallowed.


Personal Protective Equipment (PPE)
Respiratory Protection

Where risk assessment shows air-purifying respirators are appropriate use a full-face respirator with multi-purpose combination (US) or type AXBEK (EN 14387) respirator cartridges as a backup to engineering controls. If the respirator is the sole means of protection, use a full-face supplied air respirator. Use respirators and components tested and approved under appropriate government standards such as NIOSH (US) or CEN (EU).


Respirators should be used only under any of the following circumstances:

  • As a last line of defense (i.e., after engineering and administrative controls have been exhausted).

  • When Permissible Exposure Limit (PEL) has exceeded or when there is a possibility that PEL will be exceeded.

  • Regulations require the use of a respirator.

  • An employer requires the use of a respirator.

  • There is potential for harmful exposure due to an atmospheric contaminant (in the absence of PEL)

  • As PPE in the event of a chemical spill clean-up process

Lab personnel intending to use/wear a respirator mask must be trained and fit-tested by EH&S. This is a regulatory requirement.

http://www.asu.edu/ehs/documents/asu-respiratory-protection-plan.pdf
Hand Protection

Handle with gloves. Use proper glove removal technique to avoid skin contact with this product.


NOTE: Consult with your preferred glove manufacturer to ensure that the gloves you plan on using are compatible with furan.

Refer to glove selection chart from the links below:

http://www.ansellpro.com/download/Ansell_8thEditionChemicalResistanceGuide.pdf

OR

http://www.allsafetyproducts.biz/page/74172



OR

http://www.showabestglove.com/site/default.aspx


Eye Protection


  • Wear chemical splash goggles and a face shield to protect from splash hazards and chemical vapors.


Skin & Body Protection


  • Fire/flame resistant lab coat, preferably made from antistatic material.

  • Full-length pants

  • Closed-toe rubber or leather shoes


Hygiene Measures
Avoid contact with skin, eyes, and clothing. Wash hands before breaks and immediately after handling the product.
Engineering Controls
Work with furan should be conducted in a chemical fume hood. Sash height should be kept low to avoid escaping fumes. Use explosion proof equipment like a blast shield to protect from explosions in the case of peroxide detonation.
First Aid Procedures
If inhaled… Move to fresh air. If the person is not breathing, give artificial respiration. Avoid mouth to mouth contact. Call 911 from a campus phone or (480) 965-3456. Call EH&S at (480) 965-1823.
In case of skin contact… Remove all contaminated clothing. Immediately (within seconds) flush affected area for FIFTEEN (15) minutes. Seek immediate medical attention. Call 911 from a campus phone or (480) 965-3456 from a cell phone. Call EH&S at (480) 965-1823.
In case of eye contact… Remove any contact lenses. Use nearest emergency eyewash immediately for at least FIFTEEN (15) minutes. Call 911 from a campus phone or (480) 965-3456 from a cell phone. Call EH&S at (480) 965-1823.

If swallowed… DO NOT INDUCE VOMITING. Never give anything by mouth to an unconscious person. Rinse mouth with water. Seek immediate medical attention. Call 911 from a campus phone or (480) 965-3456 from a cell phone. Call EH&S at (480) 965-1823.

Special Storage & Handling Requirements

Storage

  • Ensure the container is tightly closed at all times.

  • Keep in a cool, dry, well-ventilated area away from incompatible materials and conditions.

  • Containers which are opened must be carefully resealed and kept upright to prevent leakage.

  • Mark on the bottle the date that it was received and opened. Use or dispose of furan within one year of receiving.

  • Light sensitive.

  • Store under inert gas- air sensitive.

  • Refrigerate before opening. Recommended storage temperature: below 4 oC

  • Over time, pressure may increase causing containers to burst.

  • Place in secondary containment inside a flammable cabinet.

  • Store in designated flammable cabinet.

  • Label container, secondary container, and flammable cabinet with “Carcinogen” and “Peroxide Former” warning signage.


Handling

  • The lab where the material is being handled has an approved / certified emergency eyewash and safety shower.

  • Ensure you are wearing the following minimum PPE: tightly fitting safety goggles and face shield, fire/flame resistant lab coat, full length pants, close-toe rubber or leather shoes, gloves.

  • Lab emergency contact information must be readily posted. Easy access to a cellular phone or land line is readily available.

  • Avoid contact with skin, eyes, and clothing.

  • Avoid inhalation of vapor or mist.

  • Keep away from sources of ignition.

  • Use explosion-proof equipment.

  • Take measures to prevent the buildup of electrostatic charge.

  • Handle and open container with care.

  • Empty containers retain product residue (liquid and/or vapor) and can be dangerous.


Spill and Accident Procedure
Personal precautions

Wear respiratory protection. Avoid breathing vapors, mist or gas. Ensure adequate ventilation. Remove all sources of ignition. Evacuate personnel to safe areas. Do not attempt clean-up without minimum PPE. Beware of vapors accumulating to form explosive concentrations. Vapors can accumulate in low areas.


Environmental precautions

Prevent further leakage or spillage – if safe to do so. Do not allow product to enter drains.

Methods and materials for containment and clean-up

Consider material compatibility prior to clean-up. Verify spill kit is available. Absorb spill with inert material and place in suitable container.




  1. Immediately assess amount spilled, follow posted ASU Emergency Response Guide procedures for hazardous materials incidents.

  2. If a chemical exposure has occurred, a fellow lab worker shall call 9-1-1 and EH&S at (480) 965-1823.

  3. Don compatible gloves and other protective PPE if not already being worn.

  4. Secure / restrict access to the area of the spill to prevent spread of the chemical.

  5. Use the available spill kit to stop and contain the spill. Bag the collected material.

  6. Label and tag as hazardous waste and submit a pick-up request to EH&S using EHS Assistant.


Decontamination / Waste Disposal Procedure

Decontaminate equipment using soap and water. Dispose of contaminated disposables as hazardous waste following the guidelines below.


Label waste

  • Attach a completed ASU Hazardous Waste tag to all waste containers as soon as the first drop of waste is added to the container.

Store waste

  • Store hazardous waste in closed containers, in secondary containment and in a designated storage location.

  • Double-bag dry waste using sealable transparent bags.

  • Waste must be under the control of the person generating and disposing of it.


Dispose of waste

  • Dispose of regularly generated chemical waste within 90 days.

  • Use EHS Assistant online hazardous waste pick-up request system.

  • Contact ASU EH&S at (480) 965-1823 with questions.


Protocol / Procedure
Laboratory-specific procedures

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IMPORTANT NOTE: Any deviation from this SOP requires advance PI approval.
Documentation of Training


  • Prior to conducting any work with this material, Principal Investigator or designee must provide to his/her laboratory personnel specific to the hazards involved in working with this substance, work area decontamination, and emergency procedures.

  • The Principal Investigator must provide his/her laboratory personnel with a copy of this SOP and a copy of the MSDS provided by the manufacturer.

  • The Principal Investigator must ensure that his/her laboratory personnel have attended appropriate/required laboratory safety training or refresher training within the last one year.


I have read and understand the content of this SOP.


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ASU Department of Environmental Health & Safety Page |

Updated December 2016





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