PPhysiopedia Guillain-Barre Syndrome Introduction

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pPhysiopedia Guillain-Barre Syndrome

Introduction: Guillain Barre Syndrome(ghee-yan-bar syndrome) also known as landry's palsy is a classic lower motor neuron disorder. It is a reactive self limited auto-immune disease in which the body's immune system attacks part of the peripheral nervous system[1] and which presents as acute generalized weakness. It is referred to as a syndrome because it represents a broad group of demyelinating inflammatory poly radiculo-neuropathies.

GBS can also be classified in the following categories:

1. AIDP (Acute inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy): the immune response damages the myelin coating and interferes with the transmission of nerve signals.

2. Axonal can be further classified into:

Acute motor axonal neuropathy (AMAN)

Acute motor sensory axonal neuropathy (AMSAN)

In the above two, the axons themselves are damaged by the immune response.

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